- Masjed Soleyman
— city — Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Iran Province Khuzestan County Masjed Soleyman Bakhsh Central Population (2006) - Total 106,121 Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30) - Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Masjed Soleyman (Persian: مسجدسليمان; also Romanized as Masjed Soleymān, Masjed-e Soleymān, Masjed Soleiman, and Masjid-i-Sulaiman) is a city in and the capital of Masjed Soleyman County, Khuzestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 106,121, in 22,393 families. Masjed Soleiman is a historical city which is located among the Zagros Mountains
Masjed Soleyman was inhabited by various clans of Bakhtiari tribes but oil exploration in this area attracted other people from other parts of Bakhtiari zones to this city for trade or jobs.
Masjed Soleiman's most interesting parish is Tembi, and historical and ancient site is Sarmasjed Temple in the northeast. Sarmasjed temple is on the verge of Sarmasjed terrace, in ancient time fire had been continuously flaming inside it. And according to historians was the capital of Achaemenian Reign. Among other Masjed Soleiman ancient relics, we can suggest the ancient Temple of Bard-e-Neshande.
Ancient history and Etymology
According to historical scripts, when the Arians of Parsova were forced to decamp, they took refuge in Bakhriarian Mountains from outskirts of Oromiieh Lake.
This ancient city changed its name to Masjed Soleyman, after the Arab destructive attack to Iran.
French archaeology expedition under the supervision of Professor Roman Ghirshman made some important discoveries. Ghirshman believes the present site of Masjed Soleyman (Parsomash) was the oldest capital of the Achaemenian Kingdom.
Masjed Soleyman's importance today is in oil exploration. William Knox D'Arcy, by contract with King Mozaffaroddin Qajar, obtained permission to explore for oil for the first time in the Middle East, near this city. This event changed the history of Iran and the Middle East. The oil discovery led to petrochemical industry development and also the establishment of industries that strongly depended on oil.
- ^ Masjed Soleyman can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3074315" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. http://www.amar.org.ir/DesktopModules/FTPManager/upload/upload2360/newjkh/newjkh/06.xls.
Khuzestan Province Capital Counties (A-K)
and CitiesAhvaz · HamidiyehAndika CountyQaleh-ye KhvajehAndimeshk · HoseyniyehBagh-e Malek CountyBagh-e Malek · Qaleh Tall · SeydunBavi CountyMollasani · Sheybani · VeysBehbahan · Aghajari · SardashtSusangerd · BostanGotvand CountyGotvand · Jannat MakanHaftgel CountyHaftgelHendijan · ZahrehHoveyzeh CountyHoveyzeh · Rafi
and CitiesMasjed SoleymanOmidiyeh · JayezanRamshir CountyRamshirShush · Alvan · Horr
Abadan's museum · Gundishapur · Acropole of Shush · Apadana in Susa · Arjan castle, Behbahan · Asak ancient city, Hendijan · Chagadom tappe fire temple · Chogha Mish Proto-Elamite site · Chogha Zanbil · Dav o Dokhtar castle, Ramhormoz · Dez Dam · Eshkaft-e Salman · Gargar bridge, Shushtar · Haft Tepe · Hoor-al-azim lagoon · Imamzadeh Roudband, Dezful · Imamzadeh Sabz-e-ghaba, Dezful · Karkheh dam · Khorramshahr mosque, Battle of Khorramshahr · Kul-e Farah · lake of Karkheh dam · Lake of Karun · Lali bridge · Meyangaran lagoon · Rangooni's mosque · Salasel castle, Shushtar · Shadegan lagoon · Shevi waterfall, Dezful · Shush-Daniel · Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System · Shushtar Watermills · Susa · Shush Castle · Taryana · Tobiron valley, Dezful · Tomb of Daniel, Shush · White bridge, Ahvaz · Ya'qub-i Laith's tomb, Dezful
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