Provinces of Iran
Iran

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Iran



Other countries · Atlas
Politics portal
view · talk · edit

Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces (Persian: استان Ostān, plural استان‌ها Ostānhā), each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital (Persian: Markaz) of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General[1] (Persian: Ostāndār), who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Contents

Modern history

According to Encyclopaedia Britannica,[2] in 1908 there were thirty five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows:

  • Provinces: 1. Arabistan and Bakhtiari, 2. Astarabad and Gurgan, 3. Azerbaijan, 4. Fars, 5. Gerrus, 6. Gilan and Talish, 7. Hamada[n], 8. Irak, Gulpaigan, Khunsar, [Kezzaz, Ferakan, and Tusirkhan], 9. Isfahan, 10. Kashan, 11. Kazvin, 12. Kerman and Baluchistan, 13. Kermanshah, 14. Kamseh, 15. Khar, 16. Khorasan, 17. Kum, 18. Kurdistan, 19. Luristan and Burujird, 20. Mazandaran, 21. Nehavend, Malayir and Kamereh, 22. Savah, 23. Samnan and Damghan, 24. Shahrud and Bostam, 25. Teheran, 26. Zerend and Bagdadi Shahsevens.
  • Dependencies: 1. Asadabad, 2. Demavend, 3. Firuzkuh, 4. Josehekan, 5. Kangaver, 6. Natanz, 7. [], 8. Tarom Ulia, 9. Kharakan.

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.[3]

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.[3]

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces[4] as well as splitting of the new Alborz province from Teheran province in 2010.

Current provinces

Provinces of Iran

Information

List

Province Capital Area[6] Population[7] Density
(population/km²)
Shahrestans (counties) Notes Map
Alborz Karaj 5,833 km2 (2,252 sq mi) 1,375,450 235.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (611 /sq mi) 4 Until 23/06/2010, Alborz was part of Tehran province. IranAlborz.png
Ardabil Ardabil 17,800 km2 (6,900 sq mi) 1,257,624 70.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (183 /sq mi) 9 Until 1993, Ardabil was part of East Azerbaijan province.[8] IranArdabil.png
Azerbaijan, East Tabriz 45,650 km2 (17,630 sq mi) 3,620,183 76.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (199 /sq mi) 19 IranEastAzerbaijan.png
Azerbaijan, West Urmia 37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi) 2,949,426 78.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (204 /sq mi) 14 During the Pahlavi Dynasty Urmia was known as Rezaiyeh.[9] IranWestAzerbaijan.png
Bushehr Bushehr 22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) 887,115 35.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Fars province. Until 1977, the province was known as Khalij-e Fars (Persian Gulf).[10] IranBushehr.png
Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari Shahrekord 16,332 km2 (6,306 sq mi) 842,002 51.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (134 /sq mi) 6 Until 1973 was part of Isfahan province.[11] IranChaharMahaalBakhtiari.png
Fars Shiraz 122,608 km2 (47,339 sq mi) 4,385,869 35.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 23 IranFars.png
Gilan Rasht 14,042 km2 (5,422 sq mi) 2,410,523 171.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (445 /sq mi) 16 IranGilan.png
Golestan Gorgan 20,195 km2 (7,797 sq mi) 1,637,063 81.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (210 /sq mi) 11 On the 31 May 1997, the shahrestans of Aliabad, Gonbad-e-kavus, Gorgan, Kordkuy, Minudasht, and Torkaman were separated from Mazandaran province to form Golestan province. Gorgan was called Esteraba or Astarabad until 1937.[10] IranGolestan.png
Hamadan Hamadan 19,368 km2 (7,478 sq mi) 1,790,770 91 inhabitants per square kilometre (240 /sq mi) 8 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[10] IranHamadan.png
Hormozgān Bandar Abbas 70,669 km2 (27,285 sq mi) 1,410,667 18.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (48 /sq mi) 11 Originally part of Kerman province.[10] Until 1977, the province was known as Banader va Jazayer-e Bahr-e Oman (Ports and Islands of the Sea of Oman).[10] IranHormozgan.png
Ilam Ilam 20,133 km2 (7,773 sq mi) 545,093 27.1 inhabitants per square kilometre (70 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Kermanshah province.[10] IranIlam.png
Isfahan Isfahan 107,029 km2 (41,324 sq mi) 4,590,595 41.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (108 /sq mi) 21 In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[10] IranEsfahan.png
Kerman Kerman 180,836 km2 (69,821 sq mi) 2,660,927 13.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (35 /sq mi) 14 IranKerman.png
Kermanshah Kermanshah 24,998 km2 (9,652 sq mi) 1,938,060 77.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (201 /sq mi) 13 Between 1950 and 1979, both Kermanshah province and city were known as Kermanshahan and between 1979 and 1995 were known as Bakhtaran.[10] IranKermanshah.png
Khorasan, North Bojnourd 28,434 km2 (10,978 sq mi) 820,918 27.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (72 /sq mi) 6 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranNorthKhorasan.png
Khorasan, Razavi Mashhad 144,681 km2 (55,862 sq mi) 5,620,770 36.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (93 /sq mi) 19 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranRazaviKhorasan.png
Khorasan, South Birjand 69,555 km2 (26,855 sq mi) 640,218 7.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (19 /sq mi) 8 On 29 September 2004, Khorasan was divided into three provinces. North Khorasan; Razavi Khorasan; South Khorasan.[4] IranSouthKhorasan.png
Khuzestan Ahvaz 64,055 km2 (24,732 sq mi) 4,345,607 67.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (176 /sq mi) 18 IranKhuzestan.png
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Yasuj 15,504 km2 (5,986 sq mi) 695,099 44.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (116 /sq mi) 5 Originally part of Khuzestan province. Until 1990, the province was known as Bovir Ahmadi and Kohkiluyeh.[10] IranKohkiluyehBuyerAhmad.png
Kurdistan Sanandaj 29,137 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,574,118 54.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (140 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Gilan province.[10] IranKurdistan.png
Lorestan Khorramabad 28,294 km2 (10,924 sq mi) 1,758,628 62.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (161 /sq mi) 9 Originally part of Khuzestan province.[10] IranLorestan.png
Markazi Arak 29,130 km2 (11,250 sq mi) 1,361,394 46.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (121 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[10] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[10] IranMarkazi.png
Mazandaran Sari 23,701 km2 (9,151 sq mi) 2,940,831 118.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (308 /sq mi) 15 IranMazandaran.png
Qazvin Qazvin 15,549 km2 (6,004 sq mi) 1,166,861 75.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (194 /sq mi) 5 On 31 December 1996, the shahrestans of Qazvin and Takestan were separated from Zanjan province to form the province of Qazvin.[10] IranQazvin.png
Qom Qom 11,526 km2 (4,450 sq mi) 1,064,456 92.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (239 /sq mi) 1 Until 1995, Qom was a shahrestan of Tehran province.[10] IranQom.png
Semnan Semnan 97,491 km2 (37,641 sq mi) 590,512 6.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (16 /sq mi) 4 Originally part of Mazandaran province.[10] In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[10] IranSemnan.png
Sistan and Baluchistan Zahedan 181,785 km2 (70,188 sq mi) 2,410,076 12.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (33 /sq mi) 8 Until 1986, the province was known as Baluchestan and Sistan.[10] IranSistanBaluchistan.png
Tehran Tehran 18,814 km2 (7,264 sq mi) 13,530,742 645.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,673 /sq mi) 13 Until 1986, Tehran was part of Markazi province. IranTehran.png
Yazd Yazd 129,285 km2 (49,917 sq mi) 992,318 7.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (19 /sq mi) 10 Originally part of Isfahan province.[11] In 1986, part of Kerman province was transferred to Yazd province. In 2002, Tabas shahrestan (area: 55,344 km²) was transferred from Khorasan province to Yazd.[10] IranYazd.png
Zanjan Zanjan 21,773 km2 (8,407 sq mi) 970,946 44.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (116 /sq mi) 7 Originally part of Gilan province. In 1986, some parts of Markazi province were transferred to Isfahan, Semnan, and Zanjan provinces.[10] IranZanjan.png
Iran (Total) Tehran 1,628,554 km2 (628,788 sq mi) 71,767,413 44.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (114 /sq mi) 324 IranBlank.png

Historical provinces of Iran

See also

References and notes

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Provinces of Thailand — Thailand This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Thailand …   Wikipedia

  • Provinces of the People's Republic of China — formally Provincial level divisions Simplified Chinese 省级行政区 Traditional Chinese 省級行政區 …   Wikipedia

  • Provinces of Kazakhstan — Kazakhstan is divided into 14 provinces (Kazakh: облыстар / oblystar; singular: облысы / oblysy; Russian: области / oblasti; singular: область / oblast ). The provinces are further subdivided into districts (Kazakh: аудандар / audandar; singular …   Wikipedia

  • Provinces of Kyrgyzstan — …   Wikipedia

  • Provinces of Oman — Oman This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Oman Sultan Qaboos Cabinet Council of Oman …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of Iran — The …   Wikipedia

  • Counties of Iran — Iran …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Iran — Continent Asia Region Southwest Asia Middle East Coordinates 32°00 N, 53°00 E Area Ranked 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Languages of Iran — This article deals with the languages found in Iran. The Iranian languages article deals with the linguistic branch of the Indo European languages family IntroductionThe actual population of Iran, based on a census carried out in 2006, is… …   Wikipedia

  • Cities of Iran — This is a list of places in Iran. See also: Provinces of Iran. Modern cities and important towns A*Aali Shahr *Abadan *Abadeh *Abeyek *Abhar *Abyaneh *Ahar *Ahvaz *Alavi *Aligoodarz *Amlash *Amol *Andimeshk *Andisheh *Arak *Ardabil *Ardakan… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”