Karun

Geobox River
name = Karun
native_name = كارون
other_name =
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image_size = 200px
image_caption = Karun River passing the Iranian city of Ahvaz.
etymology =
country = Iran
country1 =
state = Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
state1 = Khuzestan
region =
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district =
district1 =
city = Shushtar
city1 = Ahvaz
city2 = Khorramshahr
landmark =
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state_type = Provinces
length = 950
watershed =
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source_name = Zard Kuh
source_location = Zagros
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mouth_name = Arvand Rud / Shatt al-Arab
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The Karūn (also spelled as Karoun) is Iran's most effluent, and the only navigable, river. It is 450 miles (720 km) long. It rises in the Zard Kuh mountains of the Bakhtiari district in the Zagros range, receiving many tributaries, such as the Dez and the Kuhrang, before passing through the capital of the Khuzestan province of Iran, the city of Ahvaz.

The Karun continues toward the Persian Gulf, forking into two primary branches on its delta: the Bahmanshir and the Haffar that joins the Shatt al-Arab ("Arvand Rud" in Persian), emptying into the Persian Gulf. The important Island of Abadan is located between these two branches of the Karun. The port city of Khorramshahr is divided from the Island of Abadan by the Haffar branch.

History

In two of several competing theories about the origins and location of the Garden of Eden the Karun is presumed to be the Gihon River that is described in the Biblical book of "Genesis". ["And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Cush." (Genesis, 2:13)] The strongest of these theories propounded by archeologist Juris Zarins places the Garden of Eden at the northern tip of the Persian Gulf, fed by the four rivers Tigris, Euphrates, Gihon Karun and Pishon (Wadi Al-Batin).

The name of the river is derived from the mountain peak--Kuhrang, that serves as its source.

Famous silent film documentary "" (1925) tells the story of Bakhtiari tribe crossing this river with 50,000 people and 500,000 animals.

It was here during the Iran–Iraq War that the Iranians stopped the early Iraqi advance. With its limited military stocks, Iran unveiled its "human wave" assaults which used thousands of Basij (Popular Mobilization Army or People's Army) volunteers.


Dams

Several dams were built or are under construction on Karun river such as:
* Shahid Abbaspour dam
* Karun-3 dam
* Karun-4 dam
* Masjed Soleyman dam
* Gotvand dam

Notes

References

* "Karun-3, Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant", [http://www.karun3.com/history/?item=1 History] .
* N. Jafarzadeh, S. Rostami, K. Sepehrfar, and A. Lahijanzadeh, "Identification of the Water Pollutant Industries in Khuzastan Province", Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 36-42 (2004). [http://www.bioline.org.br/request?se04014]

External links

* "Pasitigris (Karun)", Photos from Iran, [http://www.livius.org/a/iran/karun/pasitigris.html "Livius"] .
* "Karun river marshes", Factsheet, [http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/sites/index.html?action=SitHTMDetails.asp&sid=8122&m=0 BirdLife International] .
* "Karun-3, Dam and Hydroelectric Power Plant", [http://www.karun3.com/home.asp Home] . [http://www.karun3.com/pictures/ Album] .
* [http://encarta.msn.com/encnet/features/mapcenter/map.aspx?TextLatitude=36.5281317189842&TextLongitude=48.3554819461696&TextAltitude=6&TextSelectedEntity=26996&MapStyle=Comprehensive&MapSize=Medium&MapStyleSelectedIndex=0&searchText
]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Karun — Karte des KarunVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karun —   der, wasserreichster Fluss Irans, rd. 850 km lang, entspringt im Zagrosgebirge, das er in cañonartigen Schluchten durchbricht, und mündet bei Khorramshar in den Schatt el Arab; zur Bewässerung besonders im Tiefland von Khusistan und der Oase… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Karun — Karun, Fluß in Asien, entspringt auf dem Gebirge von Luristan in Persien u. mündet mit einem Arm in den Schat al Arab, mit dem andern in den Persischen Meerbusen. Er ist der Choaspes der Alten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Karun — Karun, Fluß im südwestlichen Persien, entspringt südwestlich von Ispahan in 3880 m Höhe auf den Kalkgebirgen der Bachtijaren und mündet nach gewundenem Lauf bei Mohammera in den Schatt el Arab. Seit 1888 für die Schiffahrt freigegeben, wird er… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Karun — Karun, l. Nebenfluß des Schatt el Arab im südwestl. Persien, mündet unterhalb Basra; bis Ahwas schiffbar …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Karun — Karoun Karoun Pont sur le Karoun à Ahvaz Caractéristiques Longueur 725 km Bassin 65& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • karun — is., Ar. ḳārūn Çok zengin kimse …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Karun — is., öz., Ar. ḳārūn Kur an da kendisinden çok zengin olarak söz edilen ve bütün mal varlığı bir anda yok olan kişi …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • Karun — geographical name river over 500 miles (804 kilometers) W Iran flowing into Shatt al Arab …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Karun — /keuh roohn , kah /, n. a river in SW Iran, flowing SW to the Shatt al Arab. ab. 515 mi. (830 km) long. * * * …   Universalium

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