- Shush Castle
Shush Castle (French: Château de Suse) is located in the ruins of the ancient city of
Susa("Shush") in the Khuzestan Provinceof Iran. It was constructed by French archaeologist Jean-Marie Jacques de Morgan in the late 1890s, as a secure base for archaeological exploration and excavation. The Castle is similar to medieval monuments in France.The structure was built by local craftsmen with bricks taken from two other archaeological sites, the AchaemenidDarius/Dariush castle and the Elamite Choqazanbilziggurat. It is built atop a hill (tell) which may contain other relics of past times. It is an example of the pre-scientific era of archaeology, when explorers mutilated or destroyed sites in the process of examining them.
The former French government property was taken over by the
Islamic Republicafter the Iranian Revolutionin 1979. It is now used as a museum. Its best-known holding is a cuneiform tablet inscribed with the Code of Hammurabi, however this is now on display in the LouvreMuseum in Paris, France.
The castle was heavily damaged by Iraqi bombs during the recent
Iran–Iraq War, but has since been completely restored by the Iranian government.
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