- Neutral Buoyancy Space Simulator
Neutral Buoyancy Space SimulatorAstronauts practice rigging protective shielding on Skylab in the simulator, 1972
Location: Huntsville, Alabama Coordinates: Coordinates: Built: 1955 Architect: U.S. Army; NASA Governing body: National Aeronautics and Space Administration NRHP Reference#: 85002807 Significant dates Added to NRHP: October 3, 1985 Designated NHL: October 3, 1985
The Neutral Buoyancy Space Simulator is located in Building 4705 at the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, in the United States. It was designed by the U.S. Army in 1955 to provide a zero-gravity space simulator in which engineers, designers and astronauts could perform for extended periods of time in simulated environment of outer space. Due to its capability to support research and testing of operational techniques and materials needed to successfully perform manned missions, the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator contributed significantly to the American manned space program. Project Gemini, the Apollo program, Skylab and the Space Shuttle have all benefited from the Neutral Buoyancy Simulator. Until the mid-1970s, when an additional facility (the Weightless Environment Training Facility, and later, the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory) was constructed at the Johnson Space Center to support the Space Shuttle Program, this facility was the only test facility that allowed astronauts to become familiar with the dynamics of body motion under weightless conditions.
Within the heart of the simulator is a large water tank, 75 feet (23 m) in diameter and 40 feet (12 m) deep. The water within the simulator is temperature controlled, continuously recirculated and filtered. Special systems are integrated into the tank for underwater audio and video, pressure-suit environmental control and emergency rescue and treatment. Life support is simultaneously provided by these systems for up to four pressure-suited subjects. Additional systems include data acquisition and recording, underwater lighting, special underwater pneumatic and electrical power operations of motor, valves, controls, and indicators that are required for high fidelity and functional engineering mockups and trainers.
- ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b "Neutral Buoyancy Space Simulator". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1924&ResourceType=Structure. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- ^ Butowsky, Harry A. (May 15, 1984). PDF (293 KB). National Park Service and PDF (1.42 MB)
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U.S. National Register of Historic Places Topics Lists by statesAlabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming Lists by territories Lists by associated states Other Category:National Register of Historic Places • Portal:National Register of Historic Places Spaceflight National Historic Landmarks Alabama Florida Arizona California Mississippi New Mexico OhioZero Gravity Research Facility TexasApollo Mission Control Center · Space Environment Simulation Laboratory NASA's George C. Marshall Space Flight Center (Huntsville, Alabama) Directors: Projects: NRHP sites: Other:
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