Câmpia Turzii


Câmpia Turzii
Câmpia Turzii
—  Municipality  —
Paget castle in Câmpia Turzii

Coat of arms
Câmpia Turzii is located in Romania
Location on Romania map
Coordinates: 46°32′55″N 23°52′48″E / 46.54861°N 23.88°E / 46.54861; 23.88Coordinates: 46°32′55″N 23°52′48″E / 46.54861°N 23.88°E / 46.54861; 23.88
Country  Romania
County Actual Cluj county CoA.png Cluj
Status Municipality
Government
 – Mayor Vasinca Ioan (Democratic Liberal Party)
Area
 – Total 23.78 km2 (9.2 sq mi)
Population (July 1, 2007)[1]
 – Total 26,377
 – Density 1,109.2/km2 (2,872.8/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.campiaturzii.ro/

Câmpia Turzii (Romanian pronunciation: [kɨmˌpi.a ˈturzij]; German: Jerischmarkt; Hungarian: Aranyosgyéres) is a city in Cluj County, Romania, which was formed in 1925 by the union of two villages, Ghiriş (Aranyosgyéres) and Sâncrai (Szentkirály). It was declared a town in 1950 and a city in 1998.

The village of Sâncrai was mentioneed in a 1219 document as "villa Sancti Regis" ("village of Holy King"),[2] while Ghiriş was first documented in 1292 as "Terra Gerusteleke" ("Gerusteleke", literally meaning "plot of Gerus" in Hungarian).

Michael the Brave was murdered by agents of Giorgio Basta at the current location of Câmpia Turzii on August 9, 1601.

Câmpia Turzii is the "city of adoption" of Toulouse.[citation needed]

Population

Currently the city's ethnic composition is as follows[3]:

  • Romanians : 87.03% (49% in 1850)
  • Hungarians : 8.16% (40% in 1850)
  • Roma : 4.66% (10% in 1850)
  • Others : 0.32%

The population has evolved as follows since 1784:

  • 1784: Ghiriş: 565; Sâncrai: 472
  • 1850: Ghiriş: 1,168; Sâncrai: 487
  • 1910: Ghiriş: 1,815; Sâncrai: 704
  • 1930: 4,124
  • 1948: 6,310
  • 1956: 11,518
  • 1977: 22,418
  • 2000: 29,852

The city is home to the Romanian Air Force's RoAF 71st Air Base, and during the NATO Summit of 2008, the 323rd Air Expeditionary Wing of the United States Air Force. F-15s from RAF Lakenheath in the United Kingdom flew out during the summit to augment air defence forces for the event.

References

  1. ^ "Population as of July 1, 2007" (in Romanian). INSSE. April 4, 2008. http://www.insse.ro/cms/rw/resource/populatia_stab_1%20iulie2007.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  2. ^ There were two Hungarian kings canonised by this time, Stephen I of Hungary and Ladislaus I of Hungary. Ladislaus was personally involved in several battles against Cuman invaders in this region.
  3. ^ http://www.edrc.ro/recensamant.jsp?regiune_id=2140&judet_id=2295&localitate_id=2297



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