- Romanian Air Force
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= Romanian Air Force
"Forţele Aeriene Române"
caption= The coat of arms and the identification flag
size= 13,250 personnel
Romanian Armed Forces
garrison= "Statul Major al Forţelor Aeriene" -
garrison_label= Command HQ
commander1=Lieutenant General Constantin Croitoru
commander1_label=Chief of the General Air Staff
identification_symbol_2_label= Battle flag
aircraft_attack= MiG-21 LanceR 'B', IAR-330 SOCAT
aircraft_fighter= MiG-21 LanceR 'A'/'C'
Antonov An-30, RQ-7 Shadow
IAR-99, L-39, IAR 316, Antonov An-2, Yak-52
Alenia C-27J Spartan, IAR-330 Puma
The Romanian Air Force ( _ro. Forţele Aeriene Române) is the
air forcebranch of the Romanian Armed ForcesIt has an air force headquarters, an operational command, four air bases and an air defense brigade. Reserve forces include two air bases and three airfields.
As part of the
International Security Assistance Forcein Afghanistan, the Romanian Air Force currently controls the Kabul International Airport.
Around 2007, the Romanian Air Force employed 13,250 personnel.
The Romanian Air Force modernized 110 MiG 21 LanceRs, in cooperation with
Israelbetween 1993 and 2002. Today, 48 of these MiG 21 LanceRs are operational [9am.ro, [http://www.9am.ro/stiri-revista-presei/Actualitate/22166/Batalia-gigantilor-pentru-aviatia-militara-romaneasca "Bătălia giganţilor pentru aviaţia militară românească" ("Battle of giants for the Romanian Air Force")] , from Ziua, November 7, 2005] . The Romanian Air Force also operates C-130 Hercules, An-26s transport planes and IAR-330 Puma helicopters. IAR-330 PUMA SOCAT helicopters have been modernized by the Romanian Aviation Industry in cooperation with Elbit Systems( Israel) for attack missions. The Romanian Air Force also includes native-made IAR-99 Şoim jet planes, in general only used for training of the young pilots. The remaining MiG-29s have been removed from service in 2003.
Due to the old age of the MIGs, the Romanian Air Force will acquire 48
Eurofighter Typhoon, Saab 39 Gripenor F-16 Fighting Falconfighters planes within 2010-2012. [ ro icon [http://www.cotidianul.ro/index.php?id=45&art=25285&nr=3&cHash=b2e1d334a5 "SUA şi UE se intrec să ne doboare MiG-urile (Replacement of the MiG-21)] , from Cotidianul, January 2007] . Seven C-27J Spartan tactical airliftaircraft have been ordered for delivery, all of them will arrive until 2012"Spartan Order", " Aviation Week & Space Technology", December 11, 2006.]
The current chief of the Romanian Air Force Staff , since March 2007 (after the discharge of
General Gheorghe Catrina[ ro icon [http://www.gandul.info/articol_33387/seful_fortelor_aeriene__generalul_catrina__trecut_in_rezerva.html "Şeful Forţelor Aeriene, generalul Catrina, trecut în rezervă"] , "The Air Force chief, General Catrina, discharged from active duty", " Gândul", March 13, 2007] ) is "General locotenent" Constantin Croitoru.
Romania was one of the first countries in the world to have an air force, starting with 1913. In 1912, the Romanian Air Force commissioned 10 Vlaicu I aircraft, built by
Aurel Vlaicuin Bucharest.
World War I
World War I, Romania acquired 322 aircraft from Franceand Great Britainincluding: Nieuportfighters (types 11, 12, 19, 21, 23, and 28), Farmanreconnaissance and light bombing aircraft (types 40 and 46), and Breguet- Michelinheavy bombers. On September 16, 1916, a Romanian Farman-40shot down a Luftwaffeaircraft near Slobozia; this was the first victory in the history of the Romanian Air Force. By the end of World War I, Romanian pilots had achieved about 11,000 hours of flight and fought 750 air battles.
interwar period, the RoAF, second only to Polandamong the future Warsaw Pactcountries, had a powerful national aircraft industry which designed and produced all types of military and most civil aircraft. In particular the IAR 80series were stressed-skin fighters, worthy to rank with the other single-seat fighters of WWII, and used in significant numbers on the Eastern Front.
The RoAF was reorganized during an 18-year period. Over 2,000 military and civil aircraft were built in Romania, based on native or licensed designs. The military aviation used IAR 80 fighters, which became famous on the Eastern Front, and bombers manufactured by
IAR Braşov. Messerschmitt Bf 109and Heinkel He 112fighters, Heinkel He 111and Junkers Ju 88bombers, Junkers Ju 87 dive bomber, Junkers Ju 52transport and Heinkel He 114 seaplaneswere purchased from Germanyin the interwar period.
World War II
When Romania, allied with
Nazi Germany, went to war against the USSR, on June 22, 1941, the Romanian Air Force had 621 airplanes, including its native made fighter IAR 80/81. The air force accomplished hundreds of missions, contributing to Romania's recapture of Northern Bukovinaand Bessarabia, which had been occupied by the Soviet Uniona year earlier. Until the Odessaepisode, the Romanian military fighters gained 661 air victories. Romanian Military Aviation fought on the Eastern front until August 22, 1944, bringing an important contribution to the great battles in Stalingrad, Crimea, and the Ukrainian fronts. Between 1941-1944 the Romanian airplanes won 2,000 air victories. The most famous flying aces were CaptainPrince Constantin Cantacuzino, who gained 68 certified victories, Captain Horia Agariciand Captain Alexandru Şerbănescu, who shot down 60 enemy airplanes.
Starting with 1948, Romania tailored its military to Soviet concepts and doctrine. On February 15, 1949, the Aviation Command was established based on the Soviet model (regiments instead of flotillas). New Soviet aircraft, such as
Yakovlev Yak-18, Polikarpov Po-2, Lavochkin La-9, Tupolev Tu-2, and Ilyushin Il-10entered service. A year later, 77 Yakovlev Yak-17s and Yakovlev Yak-23s entered the air force, and in 1952, other 88 aircraft: MiG-15 and MiG-15bis. In 1958, the first supersonic fighter MiG-19 entered the inventory. Three years later, in February 1962, a new fighter was added to the inventory, MiG-21, which represented one of the most effective fighters of that time.
Starting with 1974, Romanian-made aircraft supplemented the already existing jets. The Romanian
IAR-93 subsonicaircraft flew its first flight on 31 October 1974. It represented a great step forward taking into account that it was the only jet fighter not made by the Soviets, the only one ever manufactured and operated by a Warsaw Pactcountry.
In 1962, the first helicopter subunits were established and followed later on, in 1965, by the first Soviet Mi-2 and Mi-4 helicopters. Renewing the aircraft fleet process went on, the first 12 MiG-23s entering the service between July-September 1979.
14 May 1981, at 20:16, Soviet spaceshipSoyuz-40 was launched from Baikonurto perform a common Romanian-Soviet flight, with Lieutenant Dumitru Prunariuand Colonel Leonid Popovas commander on board. During the early 80's 67th Fighter-Bomber Regiment and 49th Fighter-Bomber Regiment from Craiovaand Iancawere equipped with new IAR-93attack aircraft which have replaced old MiG-15s and MiG-17s. In December 1989, just a few days before the Romanian revolution against communism began, MiG-29aircraft had entered the Air Force inventory.
2007 Baltic Air Policing
Four MiG-21 LanceR Cs were deployed from August 2007 to November 2007 at
Šiauliai, in Lithuaniafor Baltic Air Policing. The Romanian detachment succeeds the French Air ForceMirage 2000Cs of "Escadron de Chasse 01.012" from Cambrai, which fulfilled the Baltic Air Policing since May 2007. Once the RoAF finish its three-month stint, a Portuguese Air Forcedetachment will take over the mission. [ Air Forces Monthly, November 2007 issue, p.36.]
The four aircraft and most of the staff come from the 71st Air Base. A total of 67 personnel, among them nine pilots, are part of the detachment: 63 serve at Šiauliai, while other four serve at the air traffic control centre in
Kaunas, to ensure smooth cooperation with local authorities. The Romanian detachment has attracted huge attention from the local media, not least from the fact that it is only the second time a fighter from the Sovietera has deployed to Šiauliai- Polish Air Force MiG-29s have also been deployed here in 2006. The RoAF will perform again Baltic Air Policing most probably in three or four years. [ Air Forces Monthly, November 2007 issue, p.37.]
2007 Romanian Air Force IAR-330 SOCAT crash
Three people were killed on November 7, 2007, when an IAR-330 Puma SOCAT attack helicopter belonging to the 90th Airlift Base crashed in Ungheni, near
Piteşti, Argeş County. The aircraft was doing a night training mission at the moment of the crash. [ [http://antena3.ro/Elicopter-prabusit-in-apropiere-de-Pitesti-Trei-oameni-au-murit_act_41497_ext.html "Helicopter crashed near Pitesti killing three people aboard"] , Antena 3, November 7, 2007.]
Air Force Staff
Air ForceStaff represents the military concept-developing, command and executive structure providing Air Forces peacetime, crisis and wartime leadership in order to reach, maintain and increase, as required, the operational level of the military subordinated structures so that to be able to operate under authorized commands responsible for military operations planning and conduct.
Generate, mobilize, structure, equip, operationalize and regenerate the required forces, provide the logistic support necessary to conduct
military operations and based on higher orders, take over both the Joint Operation Air Component and independent air operations command and control, through the Main Air Operational Center.
The Romanian Air Force has 5 active air bases:
71st Air Base -
Squadron- operating MiG-21LanceR A, B;
*712th Fighter Squadron - operating MiG-21 LanceR B, C;
Helicopter Squadron- operating IAR-330L;
*714th Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330L (located at
Timisoara Airport- former 93rd Air base);
86th Air Base -
*861st Fighter Squadron - operating MiG-21 LanceR B, C;
*862nd Fighter Squadron - operating MiG-21 LanceR A, B;
*863rd Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330L (located at Mihail Kogălniceanu Airport - former 57th Air Base);
95th Air Base -
*951st Fighter Squadron - operating MiG-21 LanceR A, B;
*952nd Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330L;
*205th Fighter Conversion Squadron - operating MiG-21 LanceR B;"'
*901st Strategic Transport Squadron - operating
*902nd Transport and Reconnaissance Squadron - operating
*903rd Transport Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330L;
*904th Attack Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330 SOCAT;
*905th Attack Helicopter Squadron - operating IAR-330 SOCAT;
"Aurel Vlaicu" Flight School- Boboc
*201st School Squadron - operating
*202nd School Squadron - operating
*203rd School Squadron - operating IAR-99 Standard and L-39ZA;
*204th School Squadron - operating IAR-99 Soim;
*206th School Squadron - operating IAR-316B Alouette III;
Reserve air bases
There are also 3 airfields included in the reserve forces.
1st Surface to Air Missiles Brigade (Romania)- located near
1st SAM Brigade "General Nicolae Dăscălescu"
*70th Aviation Engineer Regiment - Bucharest
*85th Signal Battalion -
Curtea de Argeş
Capu Midia range
Capu Midiatraining camp and surface to air firing range represents the Romanian Air Force structure specialized in providing the necessary facilities for firing training, execution and evaluation. It is located in Constanţa County, 20km north from the county capital, Constanţa.
! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Aircraft! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Origin! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Type! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Versions! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|In service [ [http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/romania/index.php Romanian military aviation OrBat] ]
! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Notes
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Fishbed
To be replaced by
Saab 39 Gripen, Eurofighter Typhoonor F-16 Fighting Falconwithin 2010-2012 [ro icon [http://www.antena3.ro/Romania-vrea-sa-schimbe-MIG-ul-din-dotare_bss_32634.html Romania replaces the MiG-21] , Antena 3, 16th May 2007]
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
3 C-130B (2 airworthy to be converted to C-130H) and 2 C-130H
Alenia C-27J Spartan
0 [ [http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/romania/index.php Romanian military aviation OrBat] ]
7 on order, all of them will be delivered until 2012
Antonov An-26 Curl
in service of the RoAF,1 for VIP and 3 cargo,they will be maintained in service until 2012 or more.
used only for VIP flights
Antonov An-30 Clank
used for aerial cartography (for
Treaty on Open Skiesuse), to be retired during 2008
IAR 99 'Şoim'
10 IAR-99 Standard and 12 IAR-99C Şoim
Antonov An-2 Colt
a squadron still in service for paratrooper training
IAR 330 Puma
23 (24 initially)
only a Squadron remains operational with the training unit at Boboc
IAR 330 Puma
10 (11 initially)
surface to air missile
roundelhas the same colours like the Romanian flag. The innermost circle is blue, followed by yellow, and then red. It is placed on Romanian Armed Forcesvehicles and Romanian Air Force aircraft.
Ranks and insignia
Romanian Armed Forces
* Bernád, Dénes. "Romanian Aces of World War 2 (Aircraft of the Aces 54)". Botley, Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84176-535-X.
* Bernád, Dénes. "Romanian Air Force: The Prime Decade, 1938-1947". Carrollton, TX: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc, 1999. ISBN 0-89747-402-3.
* Crăciunoiu, Cristian and Roba, Jean-Louis. "Romanian Aeronautics in the Second World War, 1941-1945" (bilingual Romanian/English). Bucureşti, Romania: Editura Modelism International Ltd, 2003. ISBN 97-3810-118-2.
* [http://www.roaf.ro/en/index_en.htm Official site of the Romanian Air Force]
* [http://english.mapn.ro/ Official site of the Romanian Ministry of National Defense (MoND)]
* [http://www.scramble.nl/ro.htm Order of Battle of the RoAF]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Royal Romanian Air Force — The Forţele Aeriene Regale ale României (Royal Romanian Air Force), or simply Forţele Aeriene Române (Romanian Air Force) was the Air Arm of Royal Romanian forces in WWII. It provided support to land forces, carrying out reconnaissance missions,… … Wikipedia
2007 Romanian Air Force IAR-330 SOCAT crash — Infobox Airliner accident name=2007 Romanian Air Force IAR 330 Puma SOCAT crash Crash Image caption= Date=November 7, 2007 Type=Engine Failure Site= Near Piteşti, Romania Fatalities=3 Injuries= Aircraft Type= IAR 330 Puma SOCAT attack helicopter… … Wikipedia
List of Romanian Air Force units — This is a list of Romanian Air Force units, past and present.quadronsActive*71st Air Base **711th Fighter squadron **712th Fighter squadron **713th Helicopter squadron **714th Helicopter squadron *86th Air Base **861st Fighter squadron **862nd… … Wikipedia
List of Romanian Air Force bases — This is a list of Romanian Air Force air bases/airfields, past and present.Air basesActiveAirfieldsActiveClosedExternal links* [http://www.roaf.ro/en/index en.htm Official site of the Romanian Air Force] * [http://www.scramble.nl/ro.htm Order of… … Wikipedia
List of aircraft of the Romanian Air Force — This is a list of Romanian Air Force aircraft, those types in service since its formation in 1912, and also those types that are currently in service. In each section, the aircraft are listed in alphabetic order.ActivePost War period Cold… … Wikipedia
Air Force of Zimbabwe — Infobox Military Unit unit name= Air Force of Zimbabwe caption=Flag of the Air Force of Zimbabwe dates= 1980 country= Zimbabwe allegiance= branch= type= role= size= 5,000 personnel (1999) command structure= garrison= garrison label= equipment=… … Wikipedia
Moldovan Air Force — Founded 21 August 1991 Country Moldova Size 1,040 (2007) Insignia Air Force flag … Wikipedia
Romanian Armed Forces — Forţele Armate Române The coat of arms Founded 1860 Current form 11 April 2000 … Wikipedia
Romanian Naval Forces — Forţele Navale Române The coat of arms and the fla … Wikipedia
Romanian heraldry — This article is part of Symbols of Romania series Flag of Romania · (history) · (list) Coat of arms of Romania … Wikipedia