Cluj County


Cluj County
Cluj
—  County (Judeţ)  —
Păniceni wooden church

Coat of arms
Cluj county in Romania
Country  Romania
Development region Nord-Vest
Historical region Transylvania
County seat Cluj-Napoca
Government
 - Type County Council
 - President of the County Council Pǎunel Tişe (PD)
 - Prefect2 Florin Vasile Stamatian
Area
 - County (Judeţ) 6,674 km2 (2,576.8 sq mi)
Area rank 12th in Romania
Elevation 1,842–227 m (6,043–745 ft)
Population (2002)
 - County (Judeţ) 702,755
 - Rank 7th in Romania
 - Density 105/km2 (271.9/sq mi)
 Urban 464,377
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 40wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x644
Car Plates CJ5
GDP US$ 7.65 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 11,177 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned to have any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Cluj (Romanian pronunciation: [kluʒ]; Hungarian: Kolozs); is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Cluj-Napoca.

Contents

Demographics

In 2007, it had a population of 692,316 and a population density of 104/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 520,073
1956 580,344
1966 629,746
1977 715,507
1992 736,301
2002 702,755

Geography

This county has a total area of 6,674 km². About 1/3 of this surface are mountains—the Apuseni Mountains, with heights up to 1800 m and located in the Southwest part of the county. The rest of the surface is the North side of the Transylvanian Plateau, a hilly region with deep and wide valleys.

The main rivers in the county are Someşul Mic, Arieş, and Crişul Repede.

Neighbours

Economy

Cluj County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania. It is a region with one of the highest ratings of foreign investments. In addition, Cluj-Napoca is home to one of Romania's important IT and financial services centers.

The county's main industries are:

  • Mechanical components;
  • Wood processing;
  • Glass manufacturing;
  • Pharmaceutics and cosmetics;
  • Food stuffs processing;
  • Textiles.

Mining and natural gas extraction are also developed.

Tourism

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

Education

Administrative divisions

Turda salt mine

Cluj County has 5 municipalities, 1 town and 75 communes.

References

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links

Coordinates: 46°46′30″N 23°35′30″E / 46.775°N 23.5917°E / 46.775; 23.5917


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