The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (film)


The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (film)
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
A man and a robot stand on a platform below the Earth as the title hovers above them.
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Garth Jennings
Produced by Douglas Adams
(posthumous credit)
Nick Goldsmith
Derek Evans
Robbie Stamp
Screenplay by Douglas Adams
Karey Kirkpatrick
Based on The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy by
Douglas Adams
Narrated by Stephen Fry
Starring Martin Freeman
Zooey Deschanel
Mos Def
Sam Rockwell
Bill Nighy
Anna Chancellor
John Malkovich
Alan Rickman
Warwick Davis
Music by Joby Talbot
Cinematography Igor Jadue-Lillo
Editing by Niven Howie
Studio Touchstone Pictures
Spyglass Entertainment
Hammer & Tongs
Everyman Pictures
Distributed by Buena Vista Pictures (United States)
Buena Vista International (United Kingdom)
Release date(s) April 28, 2005 (2005-04-28) (United Kingdom)
April 29, 2005 (2005-04-29) (United States)
Running time 110 minutes
Country United Kingdom
United States
Language English
Budget $45-50 million
Box office $104,478,416

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is a 2005 comic science fiction film based on the book of the same name by Douglas Adams. Shooting was completed in August 2004 and the movie was released on April 28, 2005 in Europe, Australia and New Zealand, and on the following day in Canada and the United States.

The screenplay is by Adams (who died in 2001) and Karey Kirkpatrick; the film is dedicated "For Douglas".

Contents

Plot

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (voiced by Stephen Fry) narrates that the second most-intelligent creatures on Earth, dolphins, attempt to warn the third most intelligent creatures, mankind, about Earth's impending destruction. Humans interpret the dolphins' communications as tricks and the dolphins leave the planet. Their final message is "So long, and thanks for all the fish."

Arthur Dent (Martin Freeman) wakes up to find his house about to be demolished for a bypass. He tries to delay the bulldozers by laying in front of them. Ford Prefect (Mos Def), his best friend, convinces Arthur to come to the pub to get some beer as a muscle relaxant. Ford explains to Arthur that he is from a planet in the vicinity of Betelgeuse working on the Hitchhiker's Guide, and that the Earth is scheduled to be demolished later that day. A Vogon planetary demolishing fleet appears, surrounds the Earth and announces Earth's impending demise so they can build a hyperspace expressway. Ford saves himself and Arthur by hitching a ride on a Vogon ship just before the Earth is destroyed. The two are discovered and as punishment are forced to listen to Vogon poetry, the third-worst in the galaxy. After that, they are thrown out an airlock but are picked up by the starship Heart of Gold before they asphyxiate. Aboard the Heart of Gold they find Ford's "semi-half brother" Zaphod Beeblebrox (Sam Rockwell), the President of the Galaxy. He has stolen the ship along with Tricia "Trillian" McMillan (Zooey Deschanel), an earth woman, and Marvin the Paranoid Android (Warwick Davis, voiced by Alan Rickman).

Zaphod explains that he is seeking the planet Magrathea, where he believes he can discover the Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything to match with the answer "42" given by the supercomputer Deep Thought (voiced by Helen Mirren). Zaphod stole the Heart of Gold to use its improbability drive to get to Magrathea through trial and error.

During one of these attempts, they end up on the planet Viltvodle VI. Zaphod decides to visit Humma Kavula (John Malkovich), his opponent from the election. Upon learning of Zaphod's plan, Kavula announces that he has the coordinates to Magrathea. He takes one of Zaphod's two heads hostage and demands they bring him Point-of-view gun created by Deep Thought, which allows the target to understand the shooter's point of view. As they are leaving the planet, Trillian is captured by Vogons. The others travel to rescue her from the Vogon home world bureaucracy, facing long lines and frustrating form processing. Before being rescued, Trillian is outraged to learn that Zaphod signed the authorization for the destruction of Earth thinking it was a request for an autograph.

The Heart of Gold is chased by the Vogons, led by Galactic Vice-President Questular Rontok (Anna Chancellor) who is attempting to rescue Zaphod from himself. As the Heart of Gold arrives in orbit above Magrathea, Arthur triggers the improbability drive to avoid the automated missile defense systems. The missles change into a a bowl of petunias and a sperm whale, voiced by Bill Bailey, who began his very short life in midair and discovered many new things while falling.

On the planet Zaphod, Ford and Trillian take a portal to Deep Thought. When they ask the computer whether it has calculated the ultimate question, it reveals that it had designed another supercomputer to do so - Earth. When the trio finds the Point-of-View gun Trillian shoots Zaphod making him understand how she feels about the destruction of Earth. She also finds out how much she loves Arthur, directly from Zaphod's mouth. Meanwhile, Arthur and Marvin miss the portal, and encounter a Magrathean called Slartibartfast (Bill Nighy) who takes Arthur on a tour of the construction floor where Earth Mark II is being built. Slartibartfast takes Arthur home where the others are enjoying a feast provided by pan-dimensional beings who currently resemble a pair of mice. Arthur realizes he has fallen into a trap. The mice, who constructed Deep Thought, used the supercomputer to build an even larger supercomputer, the planet Earth, to determine the Ultimate Question. Believing Arthur, the last remaining supercomputer component, may hold the Ultimate Answer; the mice attempt to remove his brain. Arthur kills the mice at the last moment by bludgeoning them with a teapot.

As the crew regroup outside the house they are surrounded by Vogons and take shelter in a caravan as the Vogons open fire. Marvin, still outside, is shot in the back of the head. The shot is not fatal and he uses the Point-of-View gun on the Vogons, causing them to become very depressed and unable to fight. As the Vogons are taken away and Questular rejoins with Zaphod, Arthur chooses the opportunity to explore the galaxy with Trillian and lets Slartibartfast finalize the new Earth without him. The Heart of Gold crew decide to visit the Restaurant at the End of the Universe while Marvin points out they are going the wrong way. As the he improbability drive is activated one of the images generated shows the face of Douglas Adams.

Cast

Pre-production and production

Preparations for the premiere of Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy on Leicester Square.

Spike Jonze was one of several directors asked to do the film; Jonze turned the job down, recommending that the producers hire Hammer & Tongs.[1]

In a Slashdot interview, Robbie Stamp, one of the film's executive producers, noted the following about the cast of the film:[2]

  • The hardest character to cast was "the voice of the Guide itself and in the end came back to somebody who was one of the people Douglas himself had wanted, namely Stephen Fry."
  • "Douglas himself is on record as saying that as far as he was concerned the only character who had to be British, indeed English, was Arthur Dent."

Stamp also commented on how large a role the studio and screenwriters other than Adams played in making the film:

  • "I think that a lot of fans would be surprised to know just how much of a free hand we have been given in the making of this movie. I know how easy it is to see every decision to cut a scene as 'studio' pressure but it was always much more to do with pacing and rhythm in the film itself."
  • "The script we shot was very much based on the last draft that Douglas wrote....All the substantive new ideas in the movie...are brand new Douglas ideas written especially for the movie by him....Douglas was always up for reinventing HHGG in each of its different incarnations and he knew that working harder on some character development and some of the key relationships was an integral part of turning HHGG into a movie."

Reception

Critical reaction

The film opened to mixed though generally favorable reviews. Rotten Tomatoes gave it an overall score of 61%, while UK top critics gave it a better score of 75%,[3] with Metacritic giving 63%.[4] Empire magazine rated the film 4/5 stars (four stars out of five) and said it was a "very British, very funny sci-fi misadventure that's guaranteed to win converts",[5] although Roger Ebert wrote that "[The viewer] will hear dialogue that preserves the content of written humor at the cost of sounding as if the characters are holding a Douglas Adams reading", while noting that "I do not get the joke. I do not much want to get the joke, but maybe you will."[6] Manohla Dargis called it "hugely likable" with a story arc structured "more or less" as "a long beginning and then an ending"; she calls Henson's Creature Shop's Vogons "beautifully constructed" and noted that Sam Rockwell's performance is "sensational,... riffing on Elvis and the former President George Bush."[1] Peter Bradshaw gave the film 3/5 stars (three stars out of five); according to him, the "film is no disgrace, and honours the Guide's gentle, low-tech BBC origins. But it doesn't do justice to the open-ended inventiveness of the original. The inevitable Anglo-American accommodations of casting have muddled its identity and the performances of the new American stars can be uneasy. It somehow seems heavier-footed and slower-moving than Adams's concept; the gravity is stronger....The savour and flavour of the Adams original, its playfully ruminative feel, has been downgraded in favour of a jolly but less interesting outerspace romp."[7] Philip French, after describing the Vogons as "a species resembling Laughton's version of Quasimodo" and noting it is "not, except in its financing, anything resembling a standard Hollywood production", called the film "slightly old-fashioned (few things date as rapidly as science fiction and our view of the future) and somewhat commonplace through its embracing familiar special effects. The jokes have to compete with the hardware and the actors executing them often exude a feeling of desperation....It's funnier, and obviously cleverer, than Spaceballs, Mel Brooks's puerile spoof on Star Wars, but a good bit less engaging than Galaxy Quest.[8]

Commercial earnings

The movie was released on April 28, 2005, in the UK, making £4,200,000 in its first week in the UK. It was released a day later in North America, making $21,103,203 in its opening weekend, opening in first place. The movie remained in the US box office top ten for its first four weeks of release. The movie's total box office gross was $104,478,416 worldwide.[9]

Soundtrack

The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
Soundtrack album by Stephen Fry, Joby Talbot
Released April 12, 2005
Genre Soundtrack

The complete motion picture soundtrack was released as an iTunes Music Store exclusive (in the US and UK) on April 12, 2005, two weeks before the scheduled CD release. The iTunes Music Store also has two further exclusive sets of tracks related to the movie:

  • The Marvin Mixes are remixes of a new version of Reasons To Be Miserable, here performed by Stephen Fry, as well as a new vocal and a new instrumental track for "Marvin," also performed by Fry. Stephen Moore had recorded the vocals of both tracks in 1981.
  • The Guide Entries are new spoken "Hitchhiker's Guide" entries, all read by Fry, with accompanying music by Joby Talbot (with further orchestrations by Christopher Austin), who wrote the film score.

The soundtrack CD was released on April 26, 2005,[citation needed] by Hollywood Records, a division of The Walt Disney Company. The CD has the same 33 tracks as the previous iTunes release. The enclosed booklet includes acknowledgements from Joby Talbot and notes on the creation of the song "So Long and Thanks for All the Fish," written by Garth Jennings.[citation needed]

The track "Huma's Hymn" on the soundtrack is notable for the fact that it was sung in St. Michael's Church in Highgate, London by members of local church choirs along with a congregation consisting of members of the public. The recording was open to anyone wishing to attend, and was publicised on the internet, including in a post to the Usenet group alt.fan.douglas-adams.[10]

The first version of the song "So Long, and Thanks For All The Fish" is a Broadway-style, lively version sung by the dolphins before they leave Earth. The second plays over the end credits and is in the style of 1950s male singers. The song was written by English composer Joby Talbot, conductor Christopher Austin, and Director Garth Jennings and performed by the Tenebrae Choir. Neil Hannon, founder and frontman of the Irish pop group Divine Comedy, lent his vocals to the version of the song played during the end credits. The song, in its "bouncy", opening version, was translated into and performed in Spanish for the Latin-American Region 4 DVD release.

Home release

The movie was released on DVD (Region 2, PAL) in the UK on September 5, 2005. Both a standard double disc edition and a UK-exclusive "Gift Set" edition were released on this date. The standard double disc edition features:

  • Making-of
  • Additional guide entries, a collection of sound recordings read by Stephen Fry, set to music by Joby Talbot and written by Tim Browse and Sean Sollé (with the exception of the How to be Cool entry, which was also co-written by Yoz Grahame). Four were released on the iTunes Music Store to promote the Hollywood movie version of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, and a fifth, the Guide to Websites, can be heard on the official UK movie website.
  • Deleted scenes
  • Really deleted scenes (scenes that were never meant to be in the movie)
  • Sing-a-long
  • Audio commentaries
  • Set Top Games: Marvin's Hangman
  • Don't Crash (68 minute UK exclusive "making of" documentary, directed by Grant Gee)

The "Gift Set" edition includes a copy of the novel with a "movie tie-in" cover, and collectible prints from the film, packaged in a replica of the film's version of the Hitchhiker's Guide prop.

Single disc widescreen and full-screen editions (Region 1, NTSC) were released in the U.S. and Canada on September 13, 2005. They have a different cover, but contain the same special features (except the Don't Crash documentary) as the UK version.

Single disc releases in the UMD format for the PlayStation Portable were also released on the respective dates in these three countries.

The movie was made available as a paid download in the iTunes Store starting in September 2006, for the American market only. A region-free Blu-ray Disc version was released on January 2007.[11]

Marketing

The film trailer featured voice over work by Stephen Fry as the Guide, describing the Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy's entry on movie trailers.

The "Hitchhiker's Guide to Technology" claims that if you make yourself a cup of tea and attempt to get an object working and the tea goes cold before you finish, you are dealing with technology. Other guides include the Hitchhiker's Guide to Blogging and the Hitchhiker's Guide to Deadlines and the Hitchhiker's Guide to How to be Cool which discusses how an individual can truly be cool, instead of by following crowds, but concludes by suggesting the listener attend a showing of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. The Guide to websites HitchhikersMovie.co.uk describes a website as "a wonderful new invention that allows people you neither know nor care about to inform you what they had for breakfast this morning, without all that tedious mucking about in the postal system". The 'Guide to fanboys, written by Touchstone Pictures' copywriters as part of their promotion of the movie, only ever appeared as website text. Though released at the same time as the iTunes entries, it was never intended to be recorded and is otherwise unconnected with the Fry/Talbot/Browse works.

Awards

The movie was nominated for seven different awards and won one. It won the Golden Trailer Award under the category Most Original.[12] It was nominated for: the Artios award from Casting Society of America, USA under the category Best Featured Film Casting-Comedy in 2005; the Empire Awards from Empire Awards, UK under the categories Best British Film and Best Comedy in 2006; the Golden Trailer from Golden Trailer Awards under the category Best Voice Over; and Teen Choice Award from Teen Choice Awards under the categories Choice Movie: Action/Adventure and Choice Rap Artist in a Movie: Mos Def.[13]

References

Specific references:

  1. ^ a b Dargis, Manohla (April 29, 2005). "The Way the World Ends, With a Shrug and a Smile". The New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/2005/04/29/movies/29hitc.html. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  2. ^ "HHG2G Exec. Producer Robbie Stamp Answers". Slashdot. April 26, 2005. http://slashdot.org/articles/05/04/26/1952248.shtml?tid=97&tid=133&tid=214. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  3. ^ "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. http://uk.rottentomatoes.com/m/hitchhikers_guide_to_the_galaxy/?critic=creamcrop. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  4. ^ "Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". Metacritic. http://www.metacritic.com/film/titles/hitchhikersguidetothegalaxy?q=hitchhiker's. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  5. ^ "Review of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". Empire. Bauer Consumer Media. http://www.empireonline.com/reviews/ReviewComplete.asp?FID=9807. Retrieved 2011-06-04. 
  6. ^ Ebert, Roger (April 28, 2005). "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". Chicago Sun-Times. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20050428/REVIEWS/50413005/1023. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  7. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (April 22, 2005). "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2005/apr/22/1. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  8. ^ French, Philip (May 1, 2005). "Future imperfect: The Hitchhiker movie is clever but adds little to the radio original". The Observer. http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2005/may/01/philipfrench. Retrieved 2011-06-03. 
  9. ^ The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy at Box Office Mojo
  10. ^ Message announcing the recording of "Humma's Hymn" on the news:alt.fan.douglas-adams newsgroup
  11. ^ Buena Vista Press Release[dead link]
  12. ^ Golden Trailer Awards for 2005 at IMDb
  13. ^ Full list of all award nominations for The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy at IMDb.

General references:

  • The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy UK Region 2 DVD Release, 2005. Includes commentaries by Garth Jennings, Nick Goldsmith, Martin Freeman and Bill Nighy, and Robbie Stamp with Sean Sollé. Also includes the documentary Don't Crash: The Making of the Film of the Novel of the Radio Series of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy.
  • Stamp, Robbie, editor (2005). The Making of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy: The Filming of the Douglas Adams Classic. Boxtree. ISBN 0-7522-2585-5. 

External links

Answer to Life.png Hitchhiker's portal

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Look at other dictionaries:

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