infobox UK place
country = England
constituency_westminster= Hampstead and Highgate
Highgate is a suburb of
North Londonon the north-eastern corner of Hampstead Heath. Highgate rises to an altitude of convert|330|ft|m|0 at Highgate Wood[ [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/gettingaround/walkfinder/walkdetails.asp?id=21 "Capital Ring Section 11: Hendon Park to Highgate" (TfL)] accessed 2 Feb 2008] and convert|430|ft|m|0 at North Hill.
Highgate is divided between three
London boroughs: Haringey in the north, Camden in the south and west, and Islington in the south and east. The postal district for Highgate is N6. It is one of the more expensive suburbs to live in and has an active conservation society, The Highgate Society, to protect its character.Hampstead Lane and Highgate Hill contain the red brick Victorian buildings of Highgate Schooland its adjacent Chapel of St Michael. The school has played a paramount role in the life of the village and has existed on its site since its founding was permitted by letters from Queen Elizabeth Iin 1565. Highgate is noteworthy for its Cemetery and Georgian architecture. It is also the location of Berthold Lubetkin's two Highpoint apartment buildings.
Historically it adjoined the
Bishop of London's hunting estate. The Bishop kept a toll-house where one of the main northward roads out of London entered his land. A number of pubs sprang up along the route, one of which, the Gatehouse, commemorates the toll-house. In later centuries Highgate was associated with the highwayman Dick Turpin. Subsequently, Highgate was part of the Municipal Borough of Hornseyand the seat of that borough's governing body for many years.
Peter Sellers' mother moved here, to Muswell HillRoad, in order to send Peter to the Catholic St Aloysius boys' school in Hornsey Lane.
In recent years famous inhabitants have included
John James Sainsbury, J. B. Priestley, Stella Gibbons, Yehudi Menuhin(and later Sting who bought Menuhin's old house), Sir Clifford Curzon, Sir Jacob Bronowski, Stanley Baxter, Mike Skinner, Clive Owen, Geri Halliwell, Bob Hoskins, Ulrika Johnson, Imre Varadi, Alex Zane, Terry Gilliam, Arthur Boyd, Christopher Nolan, George Michael, Jonathan Pryce, Alison Steadman, Paul Nicholas, Tim Pigott-Smith, Heath Robinsonand Victoria Wood. Highgate Cemeteryis the burial place of Karl Marx, Michael Faraday, Douglas Adams, George Eliot, Jacob Bronowski, Sir Ralph Richardson, Sir Sidney Nolan, Alexander Litvinenkoand Radclyffe Hall. Adjacent to the cemetery is the Holly Lodge Estate, one of only two housing estates built in the UK for single women and formerly the home and grounds of Baroness Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts. Sadie Frost has an office in the village behind the 'LA Fitness' gym. In April 2008, she complained about the noise caused by the classes [ [http://www.mirror.co.uk/showbiz/3am/2008/04/18/party-girl-sadie-frost-complains-about-noise-from-local-gym-89520-20386350/ Party girl Sadie Frost complains about noise from local gym - mirror.co.uk ] ] .
The MP for the Hampstead and Highgate constituency since 1992 has been Labour's
Glenda Jackson. Lynne Featherstoneis the Liberal Democrat MP for the Hornsey and Wood Green constituency, which covers the northern half of Highgate Village. The Boundary Commission report of 2003 recommended separating the Camden part of Highgate from the remainder of its present constituency and joining it with Kentish Town and Holbornto the south.
Many influential men have passed through
Highgate School, either Masters or indeed Old Cholmeleians, the name given to old boys of the school. These include T. S. Eliot, who taught the poet laureate John Betjemanthere, Gerard Manley Hopkinsthe poet, the composers John Tavernerand John Rutter, John Vennthe inventor of Venn diagrams, actor Geoffrey Palmer, Anthony CrosslandMP and Labour reformer, and most recently the cabinet minister Charles Clarke.
In Victorian times St Mary Magdalene house of charity in Highgate was a refuge for former prostitutes - "fallen women" - where
Christina Rossettiwas a volunteer from 1859 to 1870. It may have inspired her most well-known poem Goblin Market.
In 1817 the poet, aesthetic philosopher and critic
Samuel Taylor Coleridgecame to live in the Highgate home of Dr Gillman in order to rehab from his desperate opiumaddiction. Coleridge lived there for the rest of his life, becoming known as the sage of Highgate. While here some of his most famous poems, though written years earlier, were first published including Kubla Khan. His literary autobiography, Biographia Literaria, appeared in 1817. His home became a place of pilgrimage for figures such as Carlyle and Emerson. He died there on 25 July 1834. He is buried in the crypt of [http://www.stmichaelshighgate.org St Michael's Church] .
In popular culture
* In the song "Cross-Eyed Mary" by Jethro Tull, the title character, is referred to as the "Robin Hood of Highgate".
* The pub tradition of
Swearing on the Hornsoriginated in Highgate.
* "London Song" by
Ray Davies: "If you're ever up on Highgate Hill on a clear day, You can see right down to Leicester Square"
Transport and locale
Nearest tube stations
Highgate tube station
Archway tube station
Places of interest
Highgate is known for its pubs which line the old high street and surrounding streets. Some notable favourites are The Angel, the Flask and the Wrestlers.
:"For details of education in the Haringey portion of Highgate see the London Borough of Haringey article."
Municipal Borough of Hornsey
* [http://www.highgatesociety.com/ The Highgate Society]
* [http://highgate-cemetery.org/index.asp Highgate Cemetery]
* [http://hlsi.net/ Highgate Literary and Scientific Institution]
* [http://hle.org.uk/ The Holly Lodge Estate, Highgate]
* [http://www.finchleygallery.com/highgate.htm Paintings of Highgate in 1920s by Paul Smyth]
* [http://www.stmichaelshighgate.org The Parish Church of St Michael, Highgate]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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Highgate — (spr. Heigeht), Städtischer Bezirk mit Postamt (Post township) in der Grafschaft Franklin des Staates Vermont (Nordamerika) am Champlain See; 3000 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Highgate — (spr. haigēt), Vorstadt von London in der Grafschaft Middlesex, 8 km nordnordwestlich von der Londonbrücke, auf 129 m hohem Hügel, mit der gotischen St. Michaelskirche, dem schönsten Kirchhof der Metropole, dem Waterlow Park (vom Lord Mayor… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Highgate — (spr. heigĕt), nördl. Villenvorort von London, in der Grafsch. Middlesex … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
HIGHGATE — a noted suburb of London, 5 m. N. of the General Post Office; the burial place of Coleridge, George Eliot, and Faraday. Dick Whittington s Stone is at the foot of Highgate Hill … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Highgate — High|gate an area of North London with many large expensive houses. Many famous people, including Karl Marx, are buried in Highgate Cemetery … Dictionary of contemporary English
Highgate — n. northern district of London (England); town in Jamaica … English contemporary dictionary
Highgate — … Useful english dictionary