London Borough of Camden


London Borough of Camden

Infobox London Borough | name = London Borough of Camden
short_name = Camden
imagename =

status = London borough | area_rank = 345th
area_km2 = 21.8
ons_code = 00AG | adminhq = Euston Road, St Pancras | url = http://www.camden.gov.uk/
leadership = Leader & Cabinet
mayor = Cllr Nurul Islam
mps = Frank Dobson
Glenda Jackson
gla_constituency = Barnet and Camden
gla_member = Brian Coleman
The London Borough of Camden (audio|En-uk-LBCamden.ogg|pronunciation) is a borough of London, England, which forms part of Inner London. The southern reaches of Camden form part of Central London.

Population and demographics

The 2001 census gave Camden a population of 198,000, an undercount that was later revised to 202,600. [Camden Council - [http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/cms-service/stream/asset/?asset_id=673012 Camden Key Facts 2001-2016] ] The projected 2006 figure is 227,500.

Camden is 73% white, 6% Bangladeshi and 6% African. 35% of householders are owner-occupiers; 86% of households live in purpose-built or converted flats. [Camden Council - [http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/cms-service/stream/asset/?asset_id=660197 Camden Profile 2007] ]

The borough is home to some of London's most desirable areas such as Hampstead, Dartmouth Park, the Holly Lodge Estate and Camden Town, as well as areas with higher unemployment and very high crime levels (especially drug crime) around Gospel Oak and, to a lesser extent, Somers Town.

On 20 May 1999, The Camden New Journal newspaper documented 'Two Camdens' syndrome as a high profile phenomenon differentiating the characteristics of education services in its constituencies. In 2006, Dame Julia Neuberger's book reported similar variation as a characteristic of Camden's children's health services. Her insider's view was corroboration - in addition to the 2001 "Inequalities" report by Director of Public Health Dr. Maggie Barker, of "stark contrasts in" health and education opportunities - of earlier similar Audit Commission findings and a verification/update of the 1999 CNJ report. [see the DFES Children Act report (2000); "The Health Divide" by Voluntary Action Camden; "Health Inequalities in Camden" Dr. Maggie Barker, a public Health Report; "Seen But Not Heard" an Audit Commission report based on research carried out mainly in Camden; and "The Moral State We're In" by Dame Julia Neuberger, former chair of Camden Community Health Services NHS Trust, et al.]

History

The borough was created in 1965 from the former area of the metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, and St Pancras, which had formed part of the County of London. [Vision of Britain - [http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10136179&c_id=10001043 Camden LB] ] The borough was named after Camden Town, which had gained its name from Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden in 1795. [Mills, A., "Oxford Dictionary of London Place Names", (2001)]

Districts and environs

:"For a full list of districts and neighbourhoods of Camden, see List of districts in Camden"The area is in the north side of the city, reaching from Holborn and Bloomsbury in the south to Hampstead Heath in the north. Neighbouring areas are the City of Westminster and the City of London to the south, Brent to the west, Barnet and Haringey to the north and Islington to the east.It covers all or part of the N1, N6, N7, N19, NW1, NW2, NW3, NW5, NW6, NW8, EC1, EC2, EC4, WC1, WC2, and W1 postcode areas. It contains parts of inner and central London.

Politics

London Borough Council

Camden's town hall is located in Judd Street near Kings Cross. The Council was controlled by the Labour Party continuously from 1971 until 2006, when the Liberal Democrats became the largest party. Borough councillors are elected every four years.

The electoral wards in Camden are Belsize, Bloomsbury, Camden Town with Primrose Hill, Cantelowes, Fortune Green, Frognal and Fitzjohns, Gospel Oak, Hampstead Town, Haverstock, Highgate, Holborn and Covent Garden, Kentish Town, Kilburn, King's Cross, Regent's Park, St Pancras and Somers Town, Swiss Cottage, and West Hampstead.

At the local elections on 4 May, 2006 the Labour party lost control of Camden council for the first time since 1971. The new council was made up of 20 Lib Dems, 18 Labour, 13 Conservatives and 3 Green councillors.Fact|date=October 2007 Following the elections the Liberal Democrats formed a partnership with the Conservatives. Cllr Keith Moffitt (Lib Dem) was voted Leader of the Council and Cllr Andrew Marshall (Con) Deputy Leader. The new administration includes a further five Liberal Democrat and three Conservative Executive Members.Fact|date=October 2007

Since the 2006 elections Labour have lost a further two seats to the Liberal Democrats, in Kentish Town and Haverstock wards.

The organisation's staff are led by the Chief Executive who is currently Moira Gibb. Beneath her the organisation is divided into five directorates:

*Housing and Adult Social Care
*Schools and Children
*Environment and Culture
*Central Services
*Chief Executives Department

The directorates are headed by a director who report directly to the Chief Executive. Each directorate is divided into a number of "divisions" headed by an assistant director. They in turn are divided into "groups" which are themselves divided into "services". This is a similar model to most local government in London.

London Assembly

Camden forms part of the Barnet and Camden London Assembly constituency.

UK Parliament

There are presently two parliamentary constituencies covering Camden - Hampstead & Highgate in the north, currently represented by Glenda Jackson, [Guardian Politics - [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/hoc/constituency/0,,-998,00.html Hampstead and Highgate] ] and Holborn & St. Pancras in the south, represented by Frank Dobson. [Guardian Politics - [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/hoc/constituency/0,9338,-1024,00.html Holborn and St Pancras] ] From the next election, the borough is paired with Brent, and divided into an expanded Holborn and St Pancras (which has taken on Gospel Oak, Highgate, and the rest of Haverstock and Camden Town with Primrose Hill) and part of the cross-borough Hampstead and Kilburn seat. [cite web |url=http://www.official-documents.gov.uk/document/cm70/7032/7032_iii.pdf
title=Mapping for the London Boroughs nd the Metropolitan Counties
accessdate=2008-02-19 |last= |first= |date=
work=Fifth Periodical Report
publisher=Boundary Commission for England
]

Major public or private bodies

*The Architectural Association
*Birkbeck, University of London
*The British Library
*British Medical Association
*The British Museum
*Cancer Research UK
*Central School of Speech and Drama
*National Union of Students
*Great Ormond Street Hospital
*Royal College of Surgeons
*King's Cross railway station, St Pancras station, Euston station
*Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
*Royal College of Physicians
*Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
*Royal Free Hospital
*Royal Veterinary College (Camden Campus)
*School of Oriental and African Studies
*Slade School of Fine Art
*University College Hospital
*University College London
*University of London Headquarters
*Wellcome Trust

Attractions

*Bloomsbury Theatre
*BT Tower
*Camden Arts Centre
*Camden catacombs "(see also Catacombs of London)"
*Camden Market
*Parts of Covent Garden
*Dickens House
*Dominion Theatre
*Drama Centre London
*Fenton House
*Foundling Museum
*Freud Museum
*Gray's Inn
*Hampstead Cemetery
*Hampstead Heath
*Hatton Garden
*Highgate Cemetery
*Keats' House
*Kenwood House
*Lincoln's Inn
*The eastern part of Regent's Park is in the borough.
*Russell Square
*Shaftesbury Theatre
*Sir John Soane's Museum
*The Roundhouse
*Wellcome Collection

** "See also" Camden parks and open spaces

Education

The London Borough of Camden is the local education authority for the borough, organised through the "Children, Schools and Families Directorate".

Primary schools

:"Source [ [http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/contacts/council-contacts/schools/contact-primary-schools-in-camden.en List of Primary schools in LB Camden] accessed 14 Jun 2007] . (CE indicates Church of England, RC Roman Catholic schools, (J) indicates a junior school and (H) a specialist hospital school)."

econdary schools

:"Source." [ [http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/content/contacts/council-contacts/schools/contact-secondary-schools-in-camden.en List of Secondary schools in LB Camden] accessed 14 Jun 2007] :"Both the Royal Free and Great Ormond St operate specialist secondary education in hospital units."

Independent

* Devonshire House Preparatory School
* Hall School (Boys)
* Heathside Preparatory School
* Lyndhurst House Preparatory School (Boys)
* Maria Montessori School
* North Bridge House School
* Phoenix School
* Royal School Hampstead (Girls)
* South Hampstead Junior School (Girls)
* Southbank International Preparatory School
* St Anthony’s Preparatory School (Boys)
* St Christopher's School (Girls)
* St Margaret's School (Girls)
* St Mary's School (Hampstead)
* The Academy School
* University College School (Junior Branch) (Boys)

Transport

Three of central London's northern railway terminals (Euston, St. Pancras and Kings Cross) are located in the borough; they are the southern termini for the West Coast Main Line, Midland Main Line and East Coast Main Line, respectively. On 14th November 2007 St Pancras became the new terminus of Eurostar.

London Fire Brigade

Four fire stations (Belsize, Euston, Kentish Town, West Hampstead) are operated by London Fire Brigade in the borough of Camden. None of these fire stations are home to any specialist units; just pumping appliances and a rescue tender. In 2006/2007, the four stations attended just under eight thousand incidents.

During 2006/2007 the ward of King's Cross had the most malicious calls; with over 40 against a total for the borough of 161.

Since 2002, Camden has seen a steady decrease in the number of fires attended (2002/2003 - 768; 2006/2007 - 547: -28%). Something the LFB will put down to its commitment to its Community Fire Safety scheme.

Three of London's busiest railway stations are in the borough; with somewhere in the region of 52 million passengers using the three every year. [http://www.london-fire.gov.uk/about_us/media/Camden.pdf London Fire Brigade - Camden Profile]

[http://www.london-fire.gov.uk/about_us/media/Camden.pdf London Fire Brigade - Camden Profile]

Popular Culture

Camden is the setting for series 3 of the The Mighty Boosh BBC3 program.

References

External links

* [http://www.camden.gov.uk/ccm/portal/ Camden London Borough Council]
* [http://www.camden.tv/ Camden TV]
* [http://www.camdenguide.co.uk/ Camden Guide] (Online spin-off of "The Lock" magazine)
* [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/politicians-blamed-for-health-inequalities-that-kill-the-poor-912329.html WHO's Commission 2008 finding on the Social Determinants of Health finding re 'two Camdens' syndrome (3rd para)]


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