- Our Chalet
Our Chalet Owner WAGGGS Location Adelboden,
Country Switzerland Coordinates Founded 31 July 1932 Founder Helen Storrow Website
Our Chalet is an international Girl Guide/Girl Scout centre and one of four World Centres of the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS). The others are Our Cabaña, Sangam, and Pax Lodge. Our Chalet is just outside of Adelboden, in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland. Located in the Bernese Alps, it is 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) above sea level. In 2007, it celebrated its 75th anniversary.
Our Chalet, founded by Helen Storrow, opened in 1932. It has only been closed to the public once, during World War II when it was used as a military training and refugee centre. In the time since it opened, the Centre has been expanded and now includes several buildings. Our Chalet offers year-round activities, special events, and conferences for Girl Guides, Girl Scouts, and leaders from around the world.
In 1929, WAGGGS met in Holland and decided to build a World Centre for Girl Guides and Girl Scouts worldwide. An American Girl Scout leader, Helen Storrow (1864–1944), agreed to fund the construction and the first four years of operation if it were built in Switzerland. Helped by Swiss Scout Ida Von Herrenschwand (1887–1961), also known as "Falk", Storrow found several possible locations, including Grindelwald, which had unsuitable ground; Kandersteg, which already had the Kandersteg International Scout Centre; and Aeschi. Favoured by Storrow for its beauty, Aeschi was proposed at a conference at Foxlease, UK. It almost passed, but Falk felt it was too low for winter sports, and Robert Baden-Powell, founder of Scouting, agreed.
After more discussion, the conference agreed upon several important conditions. The site had to be near a main train line, but away from tourists. Hotels in the neighbourhood were also required, yet it could not be a fashionable place. The site had to be high enough for skiing in the winter and climbing in the summer while still suitable for those with heart trouble. It was also agreed that there should be sufficient ground around and pleasant neighbours.
Falk's continued searching turned up Adelboden, which she felt would be perfect. The contracts to buy the desired land from three different farmers were signed in December 1930. In June 1931, Storrow and the World Committee of WAGGGS came to inspect the site, which they approved. The name Our Chalet was chosen so that every Girl Guide or Scout would feel it was her home.
Construction of Our Chalet began with the basement in September 1931, and the roof was built on December 21, 1931, according to plans by architect M. von Sinner. Storrow returned in May 1932 to see the completed chalet, prompting Falk and others to hold a party at a village inn to celebrate the strong bond that remains to this day between the chalet and villagers. Storrow then decided that she wanted a separate, smaller house of her own where she could stay and receive guests to be ready in time for the official opening of Our Chalet. Named "Baby Chalet", it is still open to guests.
The formal opening for both Chalets was on July 31, 1932 by Storrow and Olave Baden-Powell with many villagers, Girl Guides and Girl Scouts from around the world, and Robert Baden-Powell in attendance. Falk became the World Centre's first "Guider in Charge".
The original plan was for Our Chalet to be open during the summer and for a brief winter holiday, but it was so popular that it soon opened to support the year-round demand.
Our Chalet was used immediately after its formal opening. First there was a meeting of the World Committee, and then sixteen girls from eight different countries stayed for a fortnight at the invitation of the Committee of the Juliette Low Memorial Fund, named after Juliette Gordon Low, the founder of the Girl Scouts of the USA. Many of today's traditions are from the first year of operation.
World War II
On August 24, 1939 Our Chalet was full of Guides from all over Europe. A group of Guides set out for nearby Kandersteg, but the clouds of war compelled Falk to recall them, as she was responsible for their safe return. An all-out effort managed to return the Guides by 4pm, despite significant protests. Falk's concerns were shown to be well-founded when World War II broke out eight days later. Our Chalet's staff quickly set upon the often difficult task of returning guests/ tourists to their home countries.
During World War II, the Centre was closed to regular guests, but the staff became involved in reuniting refugees, many of whom had Guiding and Scouting connections. The Centre was also used for training military skiers and interning foreigners. The Swiss Guides were the only Guides who were able to use Our Chalet during the war, except for some French Guiding Commissioners who showed up in 1942. Many refugees came to Switzerland during the war and the staff tried to accommodate them in Our Chalet, but this was not allowed in most cases due to wartime regulations. However, the staff did help them with relief funds from the Guides and Scouts of Switzerland, Great Britain, and the United States. The Our Chalet staff found great joy in helping reunite families who had been divided by war. American Girl Scouts also donated substantial funds to Our Chalet in 1944, through the U.S.A. Friendly Fund, to help with postwar recovery efforts.
After the war
The leader of all Girl Guides and Girl Scouts, World Chief Guide Olave Baden-Powell, wasted no time helping rebuild Guiding in Europe after the war was over. She was at Our Chalet on VE Day, May 7, 1945, to reopen Our Chalet. Despite hardships obtaining travel visas after the war, Our Chalet was swamped with visit requests.
Conferences began again in 1946, with a Juliette Low conference held in July and an International Conference for Trainers in August. The first Germans, six leaders concerned about the nature of their welcome, arrived in 1948 and were treated like everyone else. The newly created Friends of Our Chalet fund helped with the remaining recovery efforts.
Our Chalet's 20th anniversary was in 1952. A huge birthday celebration was held, resulting in the first financial loss. Falk retired that year, to be replaced by Penelope "Pen" Wood-Hill (later Cullingford), from the United Kingdom. 1952 also saw the visit of the 10,000 guest.
As Our Chalet's popularity grew, so did need for more facilities. In June 1956, a new building, "Stöckli", was opened for staff use. In the Canton of Bern, Stöckli is the name given to the house by the main farmhouse where the older generation of farmers live. Pen and the World Chief Guide were present. Our Chalet also held the first Ranger Adventure Week this month.
The Falk Fund was established in Falk's memory after she died in the autumn of 1961. WAGGGS member associations can apply for a "Falk Holiday" to permit one or more of their members to stay at Our Chalet as a thank you for years of good service, an exceptionally well-done job, or because they were handicapped.
Pen retired June 29, 1968, and was replaced by Inge Lyck, from Denmark. Lyck introduced more challenging outdoor excursions to the programme and re-introduced the concept that each year would have a theme to tie all the activities together. In the autumn of 1968, Olave Baden-Powell made what would be her last visit to Our Chalet.
Our Chalet's 40th anniversary was celebrated on July 30, 1972.
By 1972, over 33,000 people had visited Our Chalet. Many improvements were made to the building and the grounds in the 1970s. Toward the end of the decade, Our Chalet began a fund to join the community sewage, which was eventually used in September and October 1986. During the 70's, cross country skiing in Adelboden became more popular, and in 1978 the "Chalet Challenge" award (see Activities), which is only available to Our Chalet visitors, was established.
Isabelle Dufour of Switzerland replaced Inge in 1975, and was in turn replaced by Hanna Newport, also of Switzerland, in April 1980 when she returned to nursing. In the spring of 1982, Our Chalet replaced the stone roof with a new insulated one to cut down how much heat escaped and prevent huge icicles from forming. In August 1983, five of the sixteen girls from the 1933 Juliette Low Memorial Fund group returned for their 50th anniversary and placed a plaque on the tree they had planted outside the library window. Newport left early in 1987 and Gwen Smith of the United Kingdom filled in until December 1987, when Maha Salhani of Lebanon took over.
In the late 1980s, many of the walking sessions had to be cancelled due to lack of interest. The staff noticed that whereas in earlier years luggage was hauled by hand-cart, taxis were all that were used by this time. In the summer of 1986, Swiss law changed and banned underground oil tanks, which Our Chalet had. In 1988 Our Chalet had saved the funds to move the tanks to a new cellar under the kitchen porch.
In 1990, the World Conference in Singapore gave permission for Our Chalet to build a new house to provide extra guest accommodation, conference facilities and office space. The new building, "Spycher", was officially opened in September 1999. There was extremely low attendance in 1991 because of low snowfall and the Gulf War. On World Thinking Day in 1998, Our Chalet became the first World Centre to launch its own web site.
Salhani served as Guider-in-Charge until 1992, when she was replaced by Gweneth Smith of the United Kingdom. Smith had been a staff member at Our Chalet since 1973 and worked with four different Guiders-in-Charge as a secretary and ski instructor. Katharina Kalscics, of Austria, took over as Guider-in-Charge in 1997 and served until 2000. Peter Neurator, from the United Kingdom, served as Guider-in-Charge from 2000 to 2005 and Lars Bo Petersen served as Guider-in-Charge from 2006. In 2009 the title was changed to World Centre Manager and the post is currently filled by Sally Thornton.
Yvonne "Cigogne" Cuénod (1900–1993), a Swiss Girl Guide Executive, was involved with Our Chalet for 61 years, from the beginning in 1932 until her death in 1993, and a staff member until 1953. She helped set up the original furnishings, regularly attended meetings, helped with cleaning, organised events, and handled relations with the local community. She was one of the three trainers at the first International Training Course for Guiders in 1932.
In recent years, an increasing number of non-scout guests are taking advantage of Our Chalet's low prices and prime location in the Swiss Alps, particularly skiers during the winter. These non-scout guests enjoy the local attractions and learn about the international Scouting movement from the Girl Guide and Girl Scout guests.
In 2007, over 400 guests from around the world visited Our Chalet to celebrate the centre's 75th birthday. Special activities for the big event included tours, interactive displays on the history of Girl Scouts, Girl Guides, and the centre itself, performances by local groups, campfire songs, and a fireworks display.
Summer activities are available at Our Chalet from June to September. During this time is when the "Chalet Challenge" is offered; it is designed to stretch young girls both physically and emotionally so that they gain personal confidence, inner strength and a sense of self-worth. Challenge activities include learning some Swiss German, teaching a song, completing a hike, and taking part in a new adventurous activity. Other summertime activities include walking and hiking, adventure activities such as paragliding, whitewater canoeing and rafting, and evening programmes.
Winter activities at Our Chalet run from December through April. These activities include skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, snowtubing, cross country skiing, paragliding, winter walking, ice skating, curling, ice climbing, tobogganing, sit skiing, tailing, sleigh rides, and various night activities, among others. Adelboden is also known for skiing and hosts the International Ski Federation (FIS).
In addition to World Thinking Day and the FIS Alpine Skiing World Cup being special events at Our Chalet and Adelboden, New Year's Eve and Our Chalet's birthday are also major events. July 31 is Our Chalet's birthday and it is celebrated in conjunction with August 1, which is the day Switzerland became a confederation in 1291.
Many major events have occurred at Our Chalet and in Adelboden, such as the Quo Vadis Council of 1933 for national and international Guiding leaders, World Committee conferences, and International Training seminars. In 1934, the first International Brownie Training, for training leaders of young girls, was held at the Chalet and the eighth World Conference, for Guiding leaders, took place at the Hotel Regina in Adelboden. The first Round Table of Trainers, for training people who do training, was held at Our Chalet in 1935. In the late 1930s, an International Ranger Conference—for Guides involved in high adventure programs, a Round Table for Ranger Captains—for Ranger leaders, a Round Table for Brown Owls—for leaders of the young girls' Brownie program, and more Quo Vadis Councils were held. In 1938 the tenth World Conference was held in Adelboden. By the time the second Round Table of Trainers was held in the spring of 1939, people knew it might be the last major international event for a while as the storm clouds of war were gathering. In August 1986, the first Helen Storrow Seminar was held. Each Helen Storrow Seminar focuses on a different theme, such as the rights and responsibilities of women or how women can fight HIV and AIDS.
Juliette Low Seminars
The Juliette Low Seminars are named in her honour and provide international leadership training to young women from any WAGGGS member organisation. The first one was held on August 6, 1932 at Our Chalet. They were not held during World War II, but began again at Our Chalet in July 1946 and were held at there until 1968, when they began rotating around all four world centres. Originally, they were held annually but are now held twice every three years. The seminars are intended to help young women share their views and experiences, develop a sense of universal citizenship, enhance their leadership skills, appreciate cultural differences, broaden their international understanding, and prepare for national and international leadership.
The primary accommodations are the Main Chalet and Spycher Chalet. There are also smaller private chalets and a camp ground that is open from early summer to autumn. There are a variety of sleeping arrangements in the primary chalets. Spycher is wheelchair accessible. There are also many facilities for seminars, training, and conferences. There are single, twin, and shared rooms available. Shared rooms sleep up to seven people. Dormitory rooms are available in the Main Chalet and Spycher Chalet. Squirrel House accommodates two groups, one upstairs of up to ten people and one downstairs of up to six people. Baby Chalet sleeps four people. Camping facilities and Edelweisshütte Camp House are available for camping.
- ^ "Our Chalet". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. http://www.ourchalet.ch/. Retrieved 2006-12-07.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "The Story of Our Chalet by Falk". Our Chalet. Cambridge, England: World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. 1999. pp. 7–21.
- ^ a b c d e Annemarie Egloff-Bodmer; Susann Gloor (1973) (in German). Für dich Pfadfinderin. Solothurn: Schweizer Jugend-Verlag Solothurn. p. 206.
- ^ "Massachusetts Girl Scouts. Records, 1915-1967: A Finding Aid". Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America. Harvard University, Radcliffe College. March 1978. http://oasis.harvard.edu:10080/oasis/deliver/~sch00725. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
- ^ a b c d "History of Our Chalet". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. Archived from the original on 2006-12-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20061210201020/http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSHistory&Section=GSNoticeboard. Retrieved 2006-12-16.
- ^ "History of Our Chalet". World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. http://www.ourchalet.ch/en/about/history. Retrieved 2007-03-09.
- ^ a b c d Kerr, Rose (1976). Story of the Girl Guides 1908-1938. London: Girl Guides Association.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Our Chalet. Cambridge, England: World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts. 1999. pp. 22–78.
- ^ "Summer — The Ultimate Swiss Experience". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. Archived from the original on 2006-12-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20061210201035/http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSSummer&Section=GSActivity. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
- ^ "Winter". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSWinter&Section=GSActivity. Retrieved 2006-12-17. [dead link]
- ^ "Special events". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSSpecialEvents&Section=GSActivity. Retrieved 2006-12-17. [dead link]
- ^ "5th Helen Storrow Seminar". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. http://www.ourchalet.ch/en/events/119. Retrieved 2007-04-01. [dead link]
- ^ a b "World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts: Juliette Low Seminars". Girl Scouts of the USA. 2006. http://www.girlscouts.org/who_we_are/global/wagggs/. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- ^ "Rooms". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. Archived from the original on 2006-11-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20061110201004/http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSRooms&Section=GSAccom. Retrieved 2006-12-17.
- ^ "Seminar Facilities". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. http://www.ourchalet.ch/GuidesFrameset.asp?Menu=framesets/GuidesSubMenu.asp&Main=framesets/GuidesInnerFrame.asp&ID=GSSeminar&Section=GSAbout. Retrieved 2006-12-17. [dead link]
- ^ "Accommodation". World Association of Girl Scouts and Girl Guides. Archived from the original on 2007-05-18. http://web.archive.org/web/20070518082811/http://www.ourchalet.ch/en/accommodation/accommodation. Retrieved 2007-03-13.
- Lyrics and recording of the "Our Chalet Song"
- Helen Storrow Heritage Award of the Girls Scouts of the USA
Scouting and Guiding topics The Scouting Movement Sections Founders, pioneers, and notable leaders Prominent places International Scouting Other
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Our Chalet — ist eines der vier Begegnungszentren der World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), also des Weltverbandes der Pfadfinderinnen. Der Name Our Chalet ist ein Wortspiel, so bezieht es sich zum einen auf den Gebäudetyp, zum anderen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Our Cabaña — Owner … Wikipedia
Our Cabana — Our Cabaña ist das größte der vier Weltzentren der World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), des Weltverbandes der Pfadfinderinnen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie 2 Geschichte 3 Nutzung 4 Weblinks // … Deutsch Wikipedia
Our Cabaña — ist das größte der vier Weltzentren der World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), des Weltverbandes der Pfadfinderinnen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geographie 2 Geschichte 3 Nutzung 4 Weblinks // … Deutsch Wikipedia
Our Ark — Pax Lodge ist das neuste der vier Begegnungszentren der World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), des Weltverbandes der Pfadfinderinnen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lage 2 Geschichte 3 Name 4 Pax Lodge Logo 5 … Deutsch Wikipedia
KISC — Hauptgebäude des Kandersteg International Scout Center Das Kandersteg International Scout Centre (KISC) ist ein internationales Pfadfinderzentrum im schweizerischen Kandersteg. Seit 1923 ist es Treffpunkt für Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder aus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Allzeit bereit — Fahnengruß von Pfadfindern verschiedener Nationalitäten beim World Scout Moot 1996 Ein Pfadfinder ist ein Angehöriger der Pfadfinderbewegung, einer internationalen, religiös und politisch unabhängigen Erziehungsbewegung für Kinder und Jugendliche … Deutsch Wikipedia
Boy-scout — Fahnengruß von Pfadfindern verschiedener Nationalitäten beim World Scout Moot 1996 Ein Pfadfinder ist ein Angehöriger der Pfadfinderbewegung, einer internationalen, religiös und politisch unabhängigen Erziehungsbewegung für Kinder und Jugendliche … Deutsch Wikipedia
Boy Scout — Fahnengruß von Pfadfindern verschiedener Nationalitäten beim World Scout Moot 1996 Ein Pfadfinder ist ein Angehöriger der Pfadfinderbewegung, einer internationalen, religiös und politisch unabhängigen Erziehungsbewegung für Kinder und Jugendliche … Deutsch Wikipedia
Exilpfadfinder — Fahnengruß von Pfadfindern verschiedener Nationalitäten beim World Scout Moot 1996 Ein Pfadfinder ist ein Angehöriger der Pfadfinderbewegung, einer internationalen, religiös und politisch unabhängigen Erziehungsbewegung für Kinder und Jugendliche … Deutsch Wikipedia