- Order of World Scouts
The Order of World Scouts
The emblem is based on the Fleur de lis of Florence
Country Worldwide Founded November 11, 1911 Founder Francis Vane Grand Scoutmaster Michael John Foster Website
The Order of World Scouts
The Order of World Scouts (OWS) founded in 1911, was the first international Scouting organisation. It is headquartered in England, with the administration headquarters in Italy. As of November 2008, the Order of World Scouts includes member associations in 14 countries-the United Kingdom, Italy, Australia, Peru, Jamaica, as well as two associations each for Poland, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile and three associations in Mexico, and Ukraine.
In 1909, a group of troops withdrew from Baden-Powell's Boy Scouts Association and formed the British Boy Scouts (BBS), out of a concern that Baden-Powell's association was too bureaucratic and militaristic.
Sir Francis Vane was the Boy Scouting Association's (BSA) London Commissioner. He felt that Scouting should be non-military and reconciled through mediation the British Boy Scouts(BBS) with the BSA by having BBS as an affiliated organisation.
With Vane pushing for a more democratic BSA, his position was eliminated by Baden-Powell's BSA headquarter staff. In a protest meeting, the London area Scoutmasters voted overwhelmingly in support of Sir Francis, however Baden-Powell even though he promised, never reinstated him.
Members of the National Service League, a pro-military group, were appointed to BSA headquarters. On December 3, 1909, Sir Francis Vane accepted the presidency of the British Boy Scouts taking most London area Troops with him. The Quakers' Birmingham and Midland Troops also followed. Vane was instrumental in gaining Quakers to sponsor Scout Troops. Support was given by George and Barrow Cadbury.
With Vane having an Italian summer home, he and his co-founder Remo Molinari were able to launch the Scouting Movement in Italy with the Italian Boy Scouts (Ragazzi Esploratori Italiani) in 1910.
In 1911 France, Vane assisted Augustin Dufresne, a ship owner, to organise a French scouting organisation.
With spread of the alternative British Boy Scouts program throughout the world via CHUMS publication and Vane's efforts, Vane informally aligned the various groups as the Legion of World Scouts, the first international organization, in 1911 then formally launched as the Order of World Scouts on 11 November 1911. This day was influenced by the French, as it was the day that Baldwin was crowned King of Jerusalem, on the 11th November 1100 (St Martin's Day). Vane became the Grand Scoutmaster of the Order of World Scouts.
Representation covered 15 Countries (counting Ireland as being separate) being; the UK, Ireland, Italy, the United States (American Boy Scout), Canada, France, Belgium, India, South America, China, South Africa, Canada, Egypt, Australia and New Zealand.
Vane put his wealth behind the organizations: providing a London headquarters and financed the organisation, even the manufacture of Scout uniforms not only for the BBS, but also for the Italian Scouts. This over burdened his finances to the point of having to declare bankruptcy. Thus the British Boy Scouts and the Order of World Scouts lost their headquarters, source of equipment and uniforms and their leader, Sir Francis Vane.
The Order was left with member Troops in England (remaining to the present), and in Australia. The Australian BBS, proved more resilient than was initially thought. The 4th Alexandria (Australia) British Boy Scouts existed in the 1950s, and possibly beyond that date, Individual members in Australia corresponded with the British Chief Commissioner up until the late 1960s. Robert Campbell an Australian Scout researcher credits the continuation of membership in Australia to the 1990s, when the Scouts of Australia became the successors to the BBS, which "Ceased activity in Australia c1950s but retains members".
In the mid 1980s expansion began again with members joining in Hawaii (USA). In the early 1990s, contact was made by a Scouting organisation in Australia, followed by Scouting organisations in other countries.
With Contact in 1991 with the Independent Scouts of Australia Incorporated, the Order was more formally organised with the appointments of a BBS Commissioner for Australia in 1991 and a Chief Commissioner of BBS & BGS in Canada in 1999.
List of members
Country Group Years Argentina Argentina: UTSA 2008–present Australia British Boy Scouts (AU) 1911-1930s Australia Independent Australian Scouts 1991–present Belgium Troop based in De Panne 1911–1914 Bolivia Bolivia: UTSA 2008–present Brazil Brasil: UTSA 2008–present Canada British Boy Scouts (Canada) 1911-1919 Canada Canadian Independent Scout Association 1999-2000 China The British Boy Scouts (Hong Kong) 1911–1914 Chile FIDES Chile (Federación de escultismo Chilena) UTSA 2008–Present Chile Boy Scouts Woodcraft de Chile UTSA 2008–Present Chile Unión de Scouts de Chile UTSA 2008–Present Dominican Republic Dominican Republic UTSA 2008–Present Egypt The British Boy Scouts (Egypt) 1911–1914 France French Scouts 1911–1914 Hawaii (USA) Order of World Scouts Hawaii 1985-2000 India The British Boy Scouts (India) 1911–1914 Ireland British Boy Scouts (Ireland) 1911–1914 Italy Italian Boy Scouts (Ragazzi Esploratori Italiani) 1911–1914 Italy National Scout Training School (Scuola Nazionale Formazione Scout) 2002–Present Jamaica Girl Scouts of Jamaica 2008–Present Mexico Scouts Mexicanos AC 2008–Present New Zealand The British Boy Scouts (New Zealand) 1911–1914 Peru The Peruvian Association of Scouts Around the World
(Asociacion Peruana de los Scouts Del Mundo)
2008–present Peru Perù UTSA 2008–present Poland Ls-Drzewo Pokoju 2002–Present South America The British Boy Scouts (Creillos, South America) 1911–1914 South Africa The British Boy Scouts (South Africa) 1911–1914 Ukraine Organization of Ukrainian Scouts United Kingdom British Boy Scouts 1911-present United Kingdom British Girl Scouts 1911–present United Kingdom British Girl's Nursing Corps 1911–1912 United Kingdom The Order of the Redeemer 1914–Present United Kingdom Scout History Association United States American Boy Scouts 1911-1912 Uruguay Uruguay UTSA 2008–Present
- ^ a b c d "The BBS Story". boy-scout.net. Dorset, England, UK: The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. 2002-06-18. http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page8/page9/page9.html. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- ^ YOUTH AND EMPIRE, J O Springhall PhD Thesis Sussex 1968 (unpublished). Pages 211-249 deal with the history of the BBS from inception to 1914, and includes details of the protest meeting, and following events
- ^ MS Complete History of the Order of World Scouts, BBS Archives, Version 2008, Tarrant Hinton Dorset
- ^ Working Class Movement Library: Sir Francis Patrick Fletcher Vane, Bt.
- ^ a b c Christopher Wagner (2002-02-06). "Boy Scout Movement: Internationalism--Order of World Scouts". Historic Boys' Uniform Web Site. Christopher Wagner. http://www.histclo.com/youth/youth/org/sco/int/sco-intows.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ^ The Order of World Scouts history
- ^ BBS Letterhead early 1911, held in the BBS Archives, Tarrant Hinton Dorset
- ^ a b Victor M. Alexieff (September 1982). "Other Youth Programs". SOSSI Journal Vol. 37, No. 9. SOSSI. http://www.sossi.org/others/others.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ^ "Story". The Order of World Scouts. http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page3/page3.html. Retrieved 2007-09-26.
- ^ a b "The Constitution of the British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association Version 18/06/2002: APPENDIX D -- A History of the British Boy Scouts". boy-scout.net. Dorset, England, UK: The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. 2001-03. pp. 24–27. http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page8/page12/page12.html. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ^ Furia, Mauro, Storia Del Ragazzi Esploratori Italiani, Centro Studi Scout, Langhirano, Italia, 1990.
- ^ see http://www.slv.vic.gov.au/pictoria/b/3/5/doc/b35047.shtml
- ^ Verbal information given to Dr Michael Foster and archived in the BBS Archives Tarrant Hinton Dorset by Ted Scott a Scoutmaster in Balham, who later became the Grand Scoutmaster (1993-2000)
- ^ see http://www.netpages.free-online.co.uk/scoutaus/History-TimeLine2.html
- ^ As reported in the Journal "The British Scout" ISSN 0266-2264 September 1985, back page
- ^ "The Order of World Scouts history". boy-scout.net. Dorset, England, UK: The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association. 1997. Archived from the original on 2008-06-28. http://web.archive.org/web/20080628131707/http://www.boy-scout.net/worldscouts/ws.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- ^ The Australian organisation was known as "Independent Scouts of Australia Incorporated" 1986-1992, then "Scouts of Australia" 1992-2001, and finally reverting to the previous name for legal reasons, minus the addition of "Incorporated" in 2001
- ^ Union of Traditional Scouts of America
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page45/page45.html The Union of Traditional Scouts of America homepage
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l http://www.boy-scout.net/en/page3/page0/page0.html Order of World Scouts Constitution
- ^ a b c d e f g h http://www.boy-scout.net/en/
- ^ Appendix 5, MS Complete History of the Order of World Scouts, Version 2008 BBS Archives
- ^ Order of World Scouts Story
- ^ British Scout 0266-2264 September 1985 back page
- ^ The HQ was in Madras Appendix 5, MS The Complete History of the Order of World Scouts, Version 2008, BBS Archives Tarrant Hinton Dorset
- ^ BBS Troops were based in Belfast, Blackrock, Cork, and Dublin Appendix 5 MS The Complete History of the World Scouts, Version 2008 BBS Archives Tarrant Hinton, Dorset
- homepage Order of World Scouts
- homepage The British Boy Scouts and British Girl Scouts Association
- Scouts of Australia
- homepage Ls-Drzewo Pokoju (Poland)
- The Order of the Redeemer
- Scout History Association
- 2nd Goring and Streatley BBS and BGS (member of the Order of World Scouts)
- homepage Organization of Ukrainian Scouts (Ukraine)
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