- Romanian American
Total population 518,653 Regions with significant populations Illinois, Southwest, New York Languages Religion Related ethnic groups
A Romanian American (Romanian: Român American) is a citizen of the United States who has significant Romanian heritage. For the 2000 US Census, 367,310 Americans indicated Romanian as their first ancestry, while 462,526 persons declared to have Romanian ancestry. The census does not distinguish between Romanian-born US citizens or American-born descendants or the Romanian emigrants who relocated to North America from the 19th century onwards. For that reason, it is unclear how many Romanian Americans can be considered descendants of ethnic or cultural Romanians. Further, there is also a significant number of persons of Romanian Jewish ancestry, estimated at about 250,000.
The migration of Romanians to the US started in the second half of the 19th century. They came mostly from the territories that were under Austro-Hungarian rule: Transylvania, Banat, Bucovina, Crişana and Maramureş. Some of them came with the intention to work for some years and to return after raising money, while others decided to remain. Those Romanians migrated mostly in the industrial centers around the Great Lakes (Cleveland, Chicago, Detroit etc.). They were also some immigrants from "Lesser Romania". For example, in 1905, 7,818 Romanians migrated to the US, including 7,261 from Austria-Hungary, 423 from "Lesser Romania", and the rest came from other European countries. The migrants from the Romanian Old Kingdom were mostly Jews and they settled mostly in New York. One of their prominent organizations was the United Rumanian Jews of America. 75,000 Romanian Jews emigrated in the period 1881-1914, mostly to the United States.
During the interwar period, the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to the US decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Jews who migrated to the US increased, mostly after the rise of the fascist Iron Guard.
After the Second World War, the number of Romanians who migrated to the United States increased again. This time, they settled mostly in California, Florida and New York and they came from throughout Romania.
Over 53% of all foreign-born Romanian Americans came to the US after 1980. Some sources supply estimates of particular Romanian American community populations which are considerably higher than the most recently-available U.S. census count. The estimated numbers depend on the reliability of the estimation method used and how membership of the Romanian American community is defined.
In the 2000 United States census, 340,000 Americans of age 5 years and older (or 0.11% of the total US population) were identified as speakers of Romanian, ranking it 21st among languages spoken in the US.
Romanian Americans are distributed throughout the U.S., with concentrations found in the east and the northeast of the country, such as in the states of Michigan, Ohio, Illinois and New York, while in the Southeast, communities are found in Georgia (Metro Atlanta), Florida (South Florida) and Alabama (Montgomery). There are also significant communities of Romanian Americans in the far west of the United States, particularly in California (Los Angeles and Sacramento) and Arizona (Tucson).
The states with the ten largest estimated Romanian American populations are:
- California (290,125)
- New York (240,784)
- Florida (127,123)
- Michigan (119,624)
- Illinois (114,529)
- Ohio (106,017)
- Pennsylvania (84,958)
- Georgia (55,228)
- Texas (47,689)
- North Carolina (39,566)
Romanian American culture
The Romanian culture can be seen in many different kinds, like Romanian music, newspapers, churches, cultural organizations and groups, such as the Romanian-American Congress or the Round Table Society NFP. Religion, predominantly within the Romanian Orthodox Church, is an important trace of the Romanian presence in the United States, with churches in almost all bigger cities throughout the country. American children of Romanian origin often learn to speak both the Romanian and English languages fluently.
- European American
- Hyphenated American
- List of Romanian Americans
- Romanian-American Congress
- Romanian-American University
- Romanian Day Festival
- Romanian-American Chamber of Commerce and Moldovan-American Chamber of Commerce
- First Roumanian-American congregation
- ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G00_&-mt_name=ACS_2009_1YR_G2000_B04003&-CONTEXT=dt&-redoLog=true&-currentselections=ACS_2007_1YR_G2000_B04001&-geo_id=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en
- ^ .2000 U.S. Census, ancestry responses
- ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-state=dt&-context=dt&-reg=DEC_2000_SF4_U_PCT001:001%7C547;&-ds_name=ACS_2006_EST_G00_&-TABLE_NAMEX=&-ci_type=A&-mt_name=ACS_2006_EST_G2000_B04003&-CONTEXT=dt&-tree_id=4001&-all_geo_types=N&-redoLog=true&-geo_id=01000US&-search_results=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en
- ^ Salute to the Romanian Jews in America and Canada, 1850-2010 By Vladimir F. Wertsman
- ^ http://www.gutenberg.org/files/19198/19198-h/images/imageend.jpg
- ^ http://www.sephardicstudies.org/romania.html
- ^ http://www.euroamericans.net/ Informations about Romanians in America
- Brief history of Romanians in America
- State by state Romanian population statistics
-  Vraciu's Biography
-  US Census Data on Ancestry
- List of important romanian communities
- Romanian-American Organizations
- Romanian-American Network Inc.
- Romanian islands in America
- Emigration/Romanian Ancestry
- Romanian Tribune Newspaper - published in Chicago for the Americans of Romanian heritage
- Article about the Romanians in Cleveland
European Americans Central Europe Eastern Europe Northern Europe Southern Europe Western Europe Romanian diaspora Europe AmericasCanada • United States OceaniaAustralia Related
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