- Swedish American
Infobox Ethnic group
group = flagicon|Sweden Swedish American flagicon|USA
caption = Notable Swedish Americans:
Carl Sandburg Charles Lindbergh William Rehnquist Buzz Aldrin
poptime = Swedish 3,998,310 Americans 1.6% of the US population
popplace = Throughout much of the
Midwestern United States
American English, Swedish
rels = Predominantly
Lutheran, Church of Sweden, other Protestant, Catholic, and Mormon minorities
related = Swedes,
Swedish Canadians, Scandinavian Americans, German Americans, Austrian Americans, Dutch Americans
Swedish Americans are Americans of Swedish descent, most often related to the large groups of immigrants from
Swedenin the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. Most likely, about 8 million Americans have Swedish rootsFact|date=February 2008, of whom 4.5 million have been confirmed as Swedish Americans. Most Swedish Americans are Lutherans affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Americaor Methodists.
The first known Swedish-Americans were the settlers of
New Sweden, a colony established in 1638 by the New Sweden Companyaround the area of present-day Wilmington, Delaware. Though it was incorporated into Dutch New Netherlandsin 1655, and ceased to be an official territory of the Realm of Sweden, the Swedish and Finnish colonists were allowed some political and cultural autonomy. However, these original Swedish-Americans intermarried with other colonists and seem to have disappeared as a distinctive grouping before 1776.Fact|date=March 2008
Swedish Americans usually came through
New York Cityand settled in the Midwest. Most were Lutheran and belonged to synods now associated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, including the Augustana Evangelical Lutheran Church. Theologically, they were pietistic; politically, they supported progressive causes and prohibition.
Swedish emigration to the United States reached new heights in 1896, and it was in this year that the
Vasa Order of America, a Swedish American fraternal organization, was founded to help immigrants, who often lacked an adequate network of social services.
In the year 1900,
Chicagowas the city with the second highest number of Swedes after Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Many others settled in Minnesotain particular as well as Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Nebraskaand Illinois. In the east, New England became a destination for many skilled industrial workers and Swedish centers developed in areas such as Jamestown, NY; Providence, RI, and Boston, MA. A small Swedish settlement was also begun in New Sweden, Maine.
The largest settlement in New England was Worcester, MA. Here, Swedes were drawn to the city's wire and abrasive industries. By the early 20th Century numerous churches, organizations, businesses, and benevolent associations had been organized. Among them, the Swedish Cemetery Corporation (1885), the Swedish Lutheran Old People's Home(1920), Fairlawn Hospital (1921), and the Scandinavian Athletic Club (1923). These institutions survive today, although some have mainstreamed their names. Numerous local lodges of national Swedish American organizations also flourished and a few remain solvent as of 2008. Within the city's largest historic "Swedish" neighborhood-Quinsigamond Village--street signs read like a map of Sweden: Stockholm Street, Halmstad Street, and Malmo Street among others. Worcester's Swedes were historically staunch Republicans and this political loyalty is behind why Worcester remained a Republican stronghold in an otherwise Democratic state well into the 1950s.
Many Swedes also came to the
Pacific Northwestduring the turn of the twentieth century, along with Norwegians. The Swedish immigrants that arrived in recent decades settled mostly in the suburbs of New York and Los Angeles. Fact|date=March 2008
Swedish Americans according to the 2000 census] A few small towns in the U.S. have retained a few visible Swedish characteristics. Some examples include Silverhill, Alabama; Cambridge, Minnesota; Lindstrom, Minnesota; Karlstad, Minnesota; Lindsborg, Kansas; Gothenburg, Nebraska; Oakland, Nebraska; Andover, Illinois; Kingsburg, California; and Bishop Hill, Illinois.
Around 3.9% of the U.S. population is said to have Scandinavian heritage (which also includes
Norwegian Americans, Danish Americans, Finnish Americans, and Icelandic Americans). At present, around 160,000 residents speak a North Germanic languageat home, most of them being recent immigrants. Swedish American communities typically switched to English by 1920. Swedish is rarely taught in high schools or colleges, and Swedish language newspapers or magazines are rare.
wedish Americans by state
cholarly secondary sources
* Anderson, Philip J. and Dag Blanck, eds. "Swedish-American Life in Chicago: Cultural and Urban Aspects of an Immigrant People, 1850-1930" (1992)
* Barton; H. Arnold 1994; "A Folk Divided: Homeland Swedes and Swedish-Americans, 1840-1940." Southern Illinois University Press.
* Benson, Adolph B. and Naboth Hedin, eds. [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=53962629 "Swedes in America, 1638-1938." (1938)]
* Beijbom, Ulf. "The Historiography of Swedish America," Swedish Pioneer Historical Quarterly 31 (1980): 257-85;
* Blanck, Dag. "The Creation of an Ethnic Identity: Being Swedish American in the Augustana Synod, 1860-1917," (Southern Illinois University Press; 256 pages; 2007).
* Kvisto, P., and D. Blanck, eds. 1990. "American Immigrants and Their Generations: Studies and Commentaries on the Hansen Thesis after Fifty Years". University of Illinois Press.
* Lovoll, Odd S. ed., "Nordics in America: The Future of Their Past" (Northfield, Minn., 1993),
* Nelson, Helge. "The Swedes and the Swedish Settlements in North America" 2 vols. (Lund, 1943)
* Ostergren, R. C. 1988. "A Community Transplanted: The Trans-Atlantic Experience of a Swedish Immigrant Settlement in the Upper Middle West, 1835-1915". University of Wisconsin Press.
* Pearson, D. M. 1977. "The Americanization of Carl Aaron Swensson". Rock Island, Ill.: Augustana Historical Society.
* Pihlblad, C. T. 1932. "The Kansas Swedes". "Southwestern Social Science Quarterly" 13: 34-47.
* Runblom, Harald and Hans Norman. "From Sweden to America: A History of the Migration" (Uppsala and Minneapolis, 1976)
* Schnell; Steven M. "Creating Narratives of Place and Identity in "Little Sweden, U.S.A." "The Geographical Review", Vol. 93, 2003
* Stephenson, George M. "The Religious Aspects of Swedish Immigration" (1932).
* Swanson; Alan. "Literature and the Immigrant Community: The Case of Arthur Landfors" Southern Illinois University Press, 1990
* Vasa Order of America website at http://www.vasaorder.org
* Barton, H. Arnold ed. "Letters from the Promised Land: Swedes in America, 1840-1914" (3d ed., 1990)
List of Swedish Americans
Languages of the United States#Swedish
Vasa Order of America
American Swedish Historical Museum
Swedish emigration to the United States
* [http://www.kindredtrails.com/Where-Did-The-Swedes-Go.html Where Did The Swedes Go? The Causes of Swedish Immigration and Settlement Patterns in America]
* [http://www.ci.oakland.ne.us/ Oakland - The Swedish capital of Nebraska]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Swedish American Line — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Swedish American Line company fate = Defunct successor = foundation = 1915 defunct = 1975 location = Gothenburg, flag|Sweden industry = Cargo and passenger shipping key people = Dan Broström products = num… … Wikipedia
Swedish American Hospital — Infobox Hospital Name = Swedish American Hospital Org/Group = Swedish American Health Systems Caption = map type = latitude = longitude = Location = Rockford, Illinois: Region = northern Illinois, Southern Wisconsin State = Illinois Country = USA … Wikipedia
Swedish American Line — La Swedish American Line (en suédois : Svenska Amerika Linien) ou SAL est une compagnie maritime suédoise. Les plus célèbre paquebots suédois ont appartenu à cette compagnie. Fondée sous le nom de Rederiaktiebolaget Sverige Nordamerika en… … Wikipédia en Français
Swedish emigration to the United States — During the Swedish emigration to the United States in the 19th and early 20th centuries, about 1.3 million Swedes left Sweden for the United States of America. While the land of the U.S. frontier was a magnet for poor all over Europe, some… … Wikipedia
American Swedish Institute — Infobox nrhp | name =Swan Turnblad House nrhp type =nrhp caption = location= 2600 Park Ave. Minneapolis, Minnesota lat degrees = 44 | lat minutes = 57 | lat seconds = 18.09 | lat direction = N long degrees = 93 | long minutes = 15 | long seconds … Wikipedia
Swedish settlement in Argentina — Infobox Ethnic group group = Swedish Argentines poptime = 175,000 popplace = Misiones Province and Buenos Aires. langs = Predominantly in Spanish. Minority speak Swedish rels = Christianity (mostly Lutheranism) related = Swedes, Swedish… … Wikipedia
Swedish Australian — Infobox Ethnic group group = Swedish Australian caption = poptime = Swedish 30,375 [ [http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/ViewData?action=404 documentproductno=0 documenttype=Details order=1 tabname=Details areacode=0 issue=2006 … Wikipedia
Swedish Emigration Commission 1907–1913 — The Swedish Emigration Commission 1907 1913, in Swedish Emigrationsutredningen , was a parliamentary commission mandated by the Swedish Riksdag to try to reduce Swedish emigration to the United States. In the 19th century, Sweden had had one of… … Wikipedia
Swedish colonization of the Americas — The Swedish colonization of the Americas included a 17th century colony on the Delaware River in what is now Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland, as well as two possessions in the Caribbean during the 18th and 19th century.Until 1809 … Wikipedia
Swedish ethnic group — Infobox Ethnic group group=Swedes (Svenskar) caption= Gustav Vasa • Carl Linnaeus • J. J. Berzelius • Alfred Nobel Selma Lagerlöf • Ann Margret • Björn Ulvaeus • Markus Näslund poptime= 16 million (est.) regions=flagcountry|Sweden:nbsp|67,850,000 … Wikipedia