Norwegian Nobel Committee


Norwegian Nobel Committee
Logo of the Nobel Peace Prize.jpg

The Norwegian Nobel Committee (Norwegian: Den norske Nobelkomité) awards the Nobel Peace Prize each year.

Its five members are appointed by the Norwegian Parliament and roughly represent the political makeup of that body.

Contents

History

Alfred Nobel died in December 1896, and in January 1897 the contents of his will were unveiled. It was written as early as in 1895.[1] In his will, it was declared that a Nobel Peace Prize should be awarded "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses",[2] and that some of Nobel's money was to be donated to this prize. The Nobel Foundation manages the assets.[3] The other Nobel Prizes were to be awarded by Swedish bodies (Swedish Academy, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Karolinska Institutet) that already existed, whereas the responsibility for the Peace Prize was given to the Norwegian Parliament,[4] specifically "a committee of five persons to be elected" by it.[2] A new body had to be created—the Norwegian Nobel Committee.

Jurist Fredrik Heffermehl has noted that a legislative body could not necessarily be expected to handle a judicial task like managing a legal will. The task of a parliament is to create and change laws whereas a will can not be changed unless the premises are clearly outdated. However, this question was not debated in depth, out of contemporary fear that the donated money might be lost in legal battles if the body was not created soon.[5] On 26 April 1897 the Norwegian Parliament accepted the assignment and on 5 August the same year it formalized the process of election and service time for committee members.[6] The first Peace Prize was awarded in 1901 to Henri Dunant and Frédéric Passy.[3] In the beginning, the committee was filled with active parliamentarians and the annual reports were discussed in parliamentary sessions. These ties to the Norwegian Parliament were later weakened so that the committee became more independent. Accordingly, the name was changed from the Norwegian Nobel Committee to the Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Parliament (Norwegian: Det norske Stortings Nobelkomité) in 1901, but changed back in 1977.[6] Now, active parliamentarians cannot sit on the committee, unless they have explicitly stated their intent to step down shortly.[7]

Nonetheless, the committee is still composed mainly of politicians. A 1903 proposition to elect a law scholar (Ebbe Hertzberg) was rejected.[5] In late 1948, the election system was changed to make the committee more proportional with parliamentary representation of Norwegian political parties. The Norwegian Labour Party, which controlled a simple majority of seats in the Norwegian Parliament orchestrated this change.[8] This practice has been cemented, but sharply criticized.[9] There have been propositions about including non-Norwegian members in the committee, but this has never happened.[7]

The Norwegian Nobel Committee is assisted by the Norwegian Nobel Institute, established in 1904.[3] The committee might receive well more than a hundred nominations and asks the Nobel Institute in February every year to research about twenty candidates.[10] The director of the Nobel Institute also serves as secretary to the Norwegian Nobel Committee; currently this position belongs to Geir Lundestad.[3] Thorbjørn Jagland has been the Norwegian Nobel Committee's leader since 2009.[7]

List of Chairpersons

List of chairpersons

[11]

List of secretaries

[11]

Current members

(as of October 2009) [12]

References

Notes
  1. ^ Heffermehl, 2008: pp. 15–17
  2. ^ a b "Excerpt from the Will of Alfred Nobel". Nobel Foundation. http://nobelprize.org/alfred_nobel/will/short_testamente.html. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c d Arntzen, Jon Gunnar (2007). "Nobelprisen". In Henriksen, Petter (in Norwegian). Store norske leksikon. Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. http://www.snl.no/Nobelprisen. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Heffermehl, 2008: p. 39
  5. ^ a b Heffermehl, 2008: p. 72
  6. ^ a b Heffermehl, 2008: pp. 53–54
  7. ^ a b c Helljesen, Geir. "Bare nordmenn i Nobelkomiteen" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.nrk.no/nyheter/nobels_fredspris/1.6338968. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 
  8. ^ Heffermehl, 2008: pp. 84–85
  9. ^ Dahl, Miriam Stackpole (10 October 2008). "Fredspriskuppet" (in Norwegian). Ny Tid. http://www.nytid.no/perspektiver/artikler/20081010/fredspriskuppet/. Retrieved 12 December 2008. 
  10. ^ Heffermehl, 2008: pp. 50–51
  11. ^ a b Heffermehl, 2008: pp. 60–64
  12. ^ "Committee members". Norwegian Nobel Committee. http://nobelpeaceprize.org/en_GB/nomination_committee/members/. Retrieved 14 June 2009. 
Bibliography
  • Heffermehl, Fredrik (2008) (in Norwegian). Nobels vilje. Oslo: Vidarforlaget. ISBN 978-82-7990-074-0. 
  • Heffermehl, Fredrik (2010). The Nobel Peace Prize. What Nobel really wanted'. Sta Barbara: Praeger. ISBN 978-0-313-38744-9.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norwegian Nobel Committee — ▪ Scandinavian organization formerly  The Nobel Committee of the Norwegian Storting,         group of five individuals responsible for selecting the annual winners of the Nobel Prize for Peace. Members are appointed to a six year term on the… …   Universalium

  • Norwegian Burma Committee — The Norwegian Burma Committee (Norwegian: Den norske Burmakomité, DnK) is a Norwegian advocacy group. It was established on 2 January 1992 with the mandate to support and strengthen the Burmese democracy movement. Originally named the Norwegian… …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Committee — Two of the Nobel Committees, those for physics and chemistry, as well as the Prize Committee for economics, are located at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences …   Wikipedia

  • Norwegian Nobel Institute — The Institute s building in central Oslo. The Norwegian Nobel Institute (Norwegian: Det Norske Nobelinstitutt) was established in 1904 in Kristiania (today Oslo), Norway. The principal duty of the Nobel Institute is to assist the Norwegian Nobel… …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine — The Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine is the Nobel Committee responsible for proposing laureates for the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.[1] The Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine is appointed by the Nobel Assembly at… …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Committee for Chemistry — Announcement of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2008. The Nobel Committee for Chemistry is the Nobel Committee responsible for proposing laureates for the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.[1] The Nobel Committee for Chemistry is appointed by the …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Committee for Physics — Announcement of the Nobel Prize for Physics 2009. From left Anne L Huillier, Joseph Nordgren, Gunnar Öquist and Ingemar Lundström. The Nobel Committee for Physics is the Nobel Committee responsible for proposing laureates for the Nobel Prize for… …   Wikipedia

  • Norwegian Support Committee for Chechnya — The Norwegian Support Committee for Chechnya (Norwegian: Den norske støttekomiteen for Tsjetsjenia) is a Norwegian advocacy group. Contents 1 Organization 2 Attention 3 See also 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Prize controversies — Nobel Prize Awarded for Outstanding contributions in physics, chemistry, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, identified with the Nobel Prize, is awarded for… …   Wikipedia

  • Nobel Peace Center — entrance …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.