- Swedish Academy
The Swedish Academy ( _sv. Svenska Akademien), founded in 1786 by King Gustav III, is one of the Royal Academies of
Sweden. Modelled after the Académie française, it has 18 members. The motto of the Academy is "Talent and Taste" ("Snille och Smak" in Swedish). The primary purpose of the Academy is to further the "purity, strength, and sublimity of the Swedish language" ("Svenska Språkets renhet, styrka och höghet") (Walshe, 1965). To that end the Academy publishes two dictionaries.
The first is a one-volume dictionary called "
Svenska Akademiens Ordlista" ("SAOL"). The second is a multi-volume dictionary, edited on principles similar to those of the " Oxford English Dictionary", entitled " Svenska Akademiens Ordbok" ("SAOB"). The "SAOL" has reached its 13th edition while the first volume of the "SAOB" was published in 1898and today (2005) work has progressed to words beginning with the letter "T".
The current permanent secretary of the Academy is
Horace Engdahl, who was preceded by Sture Allén. Since 1901 the Academy has annually decided who will be the laureate for the Nobel Prize in Literature, awarded in memory of the donor Alfred Nobel.
The building now known as the
Stockholm Stock Exchange Buildingwas built for the bourgeoisie. The bottom floor was used as a trading exchange (this later became the stock exchange) and the upper floor was used for balls, new years eve parties etc. When the academy was founded, the ballroom was the biggest room in Stockholm that could be heated and thus used in the winter, so the king asked if he could borrow it. The academy has had its annual meeting there every year since, but it was not until 1914 the academy gained the right to use the upper floor as their own for all eternity. It is here that the Academy meets and, amongst other business, announces the names of Nobel Prizelaureates. The latter makes it arguably one of the most influential literary bodies in the world.
The current members of the Swedish Academy listed by seat number :
List of language regulators
Walshe, Maurice O'Connell (1965). "Introduction to the Scandinavian Languages", Andre Deutsch Ltd., 1st edition, p. 57
* [http://www.svenskaakademien.se/ Swedish Academy] - Official site (in Swedish)
* [http://www.svenskaakademien.se/LitiumInformation/site/page.asp?Page=3&IncPage=158&Destination=158 Swedish Academy] - Official site (in English)
* [http://www.saol.nu SAOL on the web] - Subscription only
* [http://g3.spraakdata.gu.se/saob SAOB on the web] - Free
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