Karolinska Institutet

Karolinska Institutet

Infobox University
name =Karolinska Institute
native_name =Karolinska institutet
latin_name =


motto ="To improve human health"
established =1810
type =Medical University
city =Stockholm
state =
country =Sweden
enrollment =
undergrad =6,000
postgrad =3,000
doctoral =1,500
staff =3,600 cite news
url=http://ki.se/ki/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=306&a=400&l=en
publisher=Karolinska Institutet
title=Karolinska Institutet Brochures
date=September 2006

]
president =Harriet Wallberg-Henriksson
campus =Urban
colors =
colours =
mascot =
affiliations =LERU
free_label =
free =
website =http://www.ki.se/

Karolinska Institutet (often translated from Swedish into English as the Karolinska Institute, and in older texts often as the Royal Caroline Institute) is one of Europe's largest medical universities. It was founded in 1810 and is located in Solna, just outside Stockholm.

A committee of the institute appoints the laureates for the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The Karolinska University Hospital is associated with the university as a teaching hospital. Together they form an academic health science centre. It is one of Sweden's largest centres for training and research, accounting for 30 percent of the medical training and 40 percent of the medical academic research conducted nationwide. While most of the medical programs are taught in Swedish, the bulk of the Ph.D. projects are conducted in English.

The institute is a member of the League of European Research Universities. According to the 2007 Academic Ranking of World Universities, the institute is ranked as the 53rd best research university in the world, 11th in Europe and 1st in Sweden. It is ranked as 16th in the world within the subject field of Life and Agricultural Sciences, 9th in Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy and unranked in the other fields.

History

Karolinska Institutet was founded in the period between 1810 and 1811 as a training center for army surgeons. The original name was at first 'Medico-Chirurgiska Institutet'. In 1817 the prefix 'Karolinska' was added as a reference to 'Karoliner' which was the name of soldiers under the Swedish king Karl XIII. The full name thus became 'Kongl. Carolinska Medico Chirurgiska Institutet'. In 1968 this name was changed to 'Karolinska Institutet'.

Notable alumni or faculty

*Jöns Jakob Berzelius (1779-1848; professor at KI), invented modern chemical notation and is considered one of the fathers of modern chemistry; discoverer of the elements silicon, selenium, thorium, and cerium.
*Carl Gustaf Mosander (1792-1858; student of Berzelius, his successor 1836), chemist, discoverer of the elements lanthanum, erbium and terbium.
*Gustaf Retzius (1842-1919), anatomist (Progessor 1877-1890)
*Karl Oskar Medin (1847-1928), paediatrician, famous for his study of poliomyelitis (Professor 1883-1914)
*Ivar Wickman (1872-1914), pediatrician, pupil of Medin, polio expert
*Hugo Theorell (1903-1982), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1955
*Torsten Wiesel (1924-), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1981
*Pehr Edman (1916-1977), chemist (Med. dr 1946). Cf. Edman degradation
*Lars Leksell (1907-1986), physician, inventor of radiosurgery and the Gamma Knife.
*Sune Bergström (1916-2004), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1982 (with Bengt I. Samuelsson and John Robert Vane).
*Bengt I. Samuelsson (b. 1934), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1982 (with Sune Bergström and John Robert Vane).
*Ragnar Granit (1900-1991), Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1967.
*Göran Liljestrand (1886-1968), physiologist and pharmacologist.
*Ulf von Euler (1905-1983), physiologist, Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine in 1970.
*Lorenz Poellinger (b. 1957), professor at the Department of Cell and Molecular Biology at KI.
*Rolf Luft (1914-2007), professor, endocrinologist

Departments of research (by location)

Campus Solna
* Cell and Molecular Biology (CMB)
* Institute of Environmental Medicine
* Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME)
* Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics (MBB)
* Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics (MEB)
* Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology (MTC)
* Neuroscience
* Physiology and Pharmacology

KI North - at Karolinska Hospital and Danderyd Hospital
* Clinical Neuroscience
* Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital
* Medicine
* Molecular Medicine and Surgery
* Oncology-Pathology
* Public Health Science
* Women and Child Health

Campus Huddinge and Söder Hospital
* Bioscience and Nutrition
* Clinical Sciences, Intervention and Technology
* Laboratory Medicine
* Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society
* Medicine
* Odontology
* Clinical Science and Education, Söder Hospital

Research at Karolinska

Researchers at Karolinska largely focus on medical research with emphasis on reproductive health, immunological disorders and oncogenomics.

See also

*Stockholm University
*Royal Institute of Technology
*Stockholm School of Economics
*Sahlgrenska University Hospital
*List of universities in Sweden

References

External links

* [http://ki.se/ki/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=130&l=en Karolinska Institutet] - Official site
* [http://www.kicommunity.se KI Community] - Interactive internal website for young scientists at Karolinska Institutet


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