Minquiers


Minquiers
Minquiers
Disputed islands
Other names: Les Minquiers, Les Mîntchièrs, The Minkies
La Maîtr' Île, Les Mîntchièrs.jpg
La Maîtr' Île
Geography
Jersey-Les Minquiers.png
Location English Channel
Coordinates 48°57′00″N 2°07′59″W / 48.950°N 2.133°W / 48.950; -2.133Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°07′59″W / 48.950°N 2.133°W / 48.950; -2.133
Major islands Maîtresse Île / Maîtr' Île
Les Maisons
Administered by
 Jersey
Parish Grouville
Claimed by
 France
 Jersey
Parish Grouville
Demographics
Population none permanent

The Minquiers (Les Minquiers; in Jèrriais: Les Mîntchièrs About this sound pronunciation ; nicknamed "the Minkies" in local English) are a group of islands and rocks situated 9 miles south of Jersey forming part of the Bailiwick of Jersey.[1] They are administratively part of the Parish of Grouville.

The islands have no permanent inhabitants, though fishermen, vraic collectors, yachtsmen, radio amateurs and even sometimes kayakers make summer landfall.[1]

The most significant islands in the group are:

  • Maîtresse Île / Maîtr' Île
  • Les Maisons;

Others include:

  • Le Niêsant
  • Les Faucheurs
  • La Haute Grune.

Contents

Name

The etymology of the name is disputed. While some say that the name comes from the Breton language minihi meaning a sanctuary, others such as Victor Coysh, maintain it comes from minkier meaning a seller of fish.

History

Thousands of years ago, around the time of the Ice Age, the Channel Islands were high ground forming part of a plain connecting the European Continent, and southern England, due to lower sea levels.

The islets, along with the other Channel Islands and the Cotentin Peninsula, were annexed to the Duchy of Normandy in 933. After William, Duke of Normandy conquered England in 1066 the islands remained united to the Duchy until the conquest of mainland Normandy in 1204 by Philip Augustus. In 1259 Henry III did homage to the French king for the Channel Islands. While Edward III in the 1360 Treaty of Brétigny waived his claims to the crown of France and to Normandy, he reserved various territories to England.

The 1911 Britannica says that Maîtresse Île "affords a landing and shelter for fishermen."

In 1950 Britain and France went to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for friendly discussions to decide to which country the Minquiers and Écréhous belonged.[1] The French fished in the waters, but Jersey exercised various administrative rights. The ICJ considered the historical evidence, and in its Judgment of 17 November 1953 awarded the islands to Jersey (as represented by the United Kingdom).[2]

In 1998 there was an 'invasion' of the Minquiers by some French on behalf of the 'King of Patagonia' in 'retaliation' for the British occupation of the Falkland Islands.[1] The Union Jack was restored the next day.

Les Minquiers in literature

Notably, Les Minquiers are mentioned at length by Victor Hugo in his novel Ninety-Three, about the French Revolution. He mentions how treacherous they are, and says that their combined area is bigger than mainland Jersey itself. Hugo lived in both Guernsey and Jersey at various points in his life, and so was familiar with local lore.

The British/French dispute over Les Minquiers is a plot element in Nancy Mitford's novel Don't Tell Alfred, as an occasional cause for dispute between the 'two old ladies' - France and Britain.

The Minquiers, often referred to as Minkies, an anglicised diminutive, feature in the seafaring adventure novel The Wreck of the Mary Deare, by Hammond Innes, and its 1959 film adaptation.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "GH6UW - Les Minquiers". Cambridge University Wireless Society. 2007. http://www.g6uw.org/dxpeditions/gh6uw-les-minquiers. Retrieved 2011-07-18. "The most significant island is Maîtresse, which is about 50m long and 20m wide. It is steeped in history and has an assortment of around ten stone cottages in various states of repair, including the most southerly toilet in Britain (often the subject of QSL cards in the past – see http://www.seapaddler.co.uk/Toilet.JPG). There is no power or running water, but there is mobile telephone reception." 
  2. ^ ICJ Judgement
  • Files on the ICJ case can be found in the National Archives, mostly in the FO 371 sequence.
  • Les Minquiers: article published in hidden europe magazine, 2006, Issue 6, pp. 38–39 (ISSN 1860-6318)
  • Histoire des Minquiers et des Ecréhous. Robert Sinsoilliez. Editions l'Ancre de Marine.
  • Channel Islets - Victor Coysh

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Minquiers — und Ecréhous sind Riffe, die zu den Kanalinseln gehören. Sie liegen etwa 20 Kilometer südlich der Insel Jersey in der Nähe der französischen Küste. Auf manchen Inselchen befinden sich kleine Häuser, die im Sommer bewohnt werden. Im 18. und 19.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minquiers — Les Minquiers Les Mîntchièrs (je) Photographie de Maîtresse Île à marée haute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Minquiers und Ecréhous — Gewässer Ärmelkanal Archipel Kanalinseln Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minquiers and Ecréhous — The Minquiers and Ecréhous are two groups of islands and rocks forming part of the Bailiwick of Jersey, Channel Islands. They are respectively the most southerly and northerly land territories of the Bailiwick. The islands have no permanent… …   Wikipedia

  • Minquiers and Ecrehos (France/United Kingdom) — The Minquiers and Ecrehos Case (France/United Kingdom) was an International Court of Justice case in which the UK and France requested that the ICJ determine which country held sovereignty over the islets and rocks in the Minquiers and Écréhous… …   Wikipedia

  • Minquiers and Ecrehos Case (France v. United Kingdom) — The Minquiers and Ecrehos Case (France/United Kingdom) was an International Court of Justice case in which the UK and France requested that the ICJ determine which country held sovereignty over the islets and rocks in the Minquiers and Écréhous… …   Wikipedia

  • Les Minquiers — Minquiers Les Minquiers Les Mîntchièrs (je) Photographie de Maîtresse Île à marée haute …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Les Minquiers — Ubicación de Les Minquiers …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ecrehous — Minquiers und Ecréhous sind Riffe, die zu den Kanalinseln gehören. Sie liegen etwa 20 Kilometer südlich der Insel Jersey in der Nähe der französischen Küste. Auf manchen Inselchen befinden sich kleine Häuser, die im Sommer bewohnt werden. Im 18.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ecréhous — Minquiers und Ecréhous sind Riffe, die zu den Kanalinseln gehören. Sie liegen etwa 20 Kilometer südlich der Insel Jersey in der Nähe der französischen Küste. Auf manchen Inselchen befinden sich kleine Häuser, die im Sommer bewohnt werden. Im 18.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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