Grouville is one of the twelve
parishes of Jerseyin the Channel Islands. The parish is in the south east of the island and is dominated by the broad sweep of the Royal Bay of Grouville. The parish covers a surface area of 4,354 vergées (7.8 km²). It borders Saint Clement, Saint Saviour and Saint Martin.
The parish of Grouville shares, with the neighbouring parish of Saint Martin, a dedication to Saint
Martin of Tours. The ecclesiastical parish and parish church are dedicated to "Saint Martin de Grouville" to distinguish them from the parish of Saint Martin (historically ' Saint Martin le Vieux'). The Church of St Peter la Rocquewas built in the 19th century.
The name 'Grouville' may derive from:
* the small community established in what is now the parish by St Gerou (also known as Gervold or Geraldius), an ecclesiastical troubleshooter in the employ of
Charlemagnein the 9th century AD;
*'Gros Villa' (great farm)
Vikingleader after whom the Island may be named.
The Royal Bay of Grouville gained its royal epithet when it impressed Queen Victoria during her visit in 1846. The bay is popular with tourists for its broad sandy beach and shallow, warm water. It is also the main
oysterproducing area of Jersey, and was also formerly noted for the production of vraic. The cottage industry formerly practised by Grouvillais of burning vraic gave rise to the traditional nickname of "les Enfuntchis" (the smoky ones, or the dim ones, in Jèrriais) shared by the Grouvillais and their neighbours in St. Clement.
Inland, the parish is also home to Jersey's most noted archaeological site at
La Hougue Bie, now a museum run by the Jersey Heritage Trust. A prehistoric artificial mound covers a passage gravealigned for the equinox. A mediaeval chapel, Notre Dame de la Clarté, built on the Neolithic mound was converted in the 18th century to a folly-like Gothic Revivalresidence, the Prince's Tower (demolished in the 1920s). During the Second World War, the occupying German forces constructed bunkers in and alongside the ancient mound, now also transformed for museum interpretation.
La Rocque was the site of the landing of the French forces on
6 January1781. The skirmish at La Platte Rocque was ancillary to the Battle of Jersey.
The Royal Jersey Golf Club, Gorey Village, and Queen's Valley (now flooded to form a reservoir) are situated in the parish.
Grouville is divided for administrative purposes into vingtaines as follows:
Vingtaine des Marais
Vingtaine de la Rue
Vingtaine de Longueville
Vingtaine de la Rocque
Minquiersare part of the parish of Grouville.
Grouville forms one electoral district and elects one Deputy.
* [http://www.societe-jersiaise.org/geraint/jerriais/grouville.html Grouville]
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