Neurochemistry


Neurochemistry

Neurochemistry is the specific study of neurochemicals, which include neurotransmitters and other molecules such as neuro-active drugs that influence neuron function. This principle closely examines the manner in which these neurochemicals influence the network of neural operation. This evolving area of neuroscience offers a neurochemist a micro-macro connection between the analysis of organic compounds active in the nervous system and neural processes such as cortical plasticity, neurogenesis and neural differentiation.

Contents

History

The founding of neurochemistry as a discipline traces it origins to a series of "International Neurochemical Symposia", of which the first symposium volume published in 1954 was titled Biochemistry of the Developing Nervous System.[1] These meetings led to the formation of the International Society for Neurochemistry and the American Society for Neurochemistry. These early gatherings discussed the tentative nature of possible neurotransmitter substances such as acetylcholine, histamine, substance P, and serotonin. By 1972, ideas were more concrete. Neurochemicals such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin were classified as "putative neurotransmitters in certain neuronal tracts in the brain."

See also

References

  1. ^ Siegel, George J.; Albers, R.W., Brady, S.T., Price, D.L. (2006). Basic Neurochemistry, 7th Ed.. Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-088397-X. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • neurochemistry — [noor΄ō kem′is trē, nyoor΄ō kem′is trē] n. the study of the chemistry of the nervous system neurochemical adj., n. neurochemist n …   English World dictionary

  • neurochemistry — noun Date: 1924 1. the study of the chemical makeup and activities of nervous tissue 2. chemical processes and phenomena related to the nervous system • neurochemical adjective or noun • neurochemist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • neurochemistry — neurochemist, n. /noor oh kem euh stree, nyoor /, n. the branch of science that is concerned with the chemistry of the nervous system. [1920 25; NEURO + CHEMISTRY] * * * …   Universalium

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  • neurochemistry — The science concerned with the chemical aspects of nervous system structure and function. * * * neu·ro·chem·is·try kem ə strē n, pl tries 1) the study of the chemical makeup and activities of nervous tissue …   Medical dictionary

  • neurochemistry — noun the branch of biochemistry concerned with the processes occurring in nerve tissue and the nervous system. Derivatives neurochemist noun neurochemical adjective …   English new terms dictionary

  • neurochemistry — neu·ro·chemistry …   English syllables

  • neurochemistry — neu•ro•chem•is•try [[t]ˌnʊər oʊˈkɛm ə stri, ˌnyʊər [/t]] n. biochem. the study of the chemistry of the nervous system • Etymology: 1920–25 neu′ro•chem ist, n …   From formal English to slang

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