- Outline of video games
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to video games:
Video game – electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. The word video in video game traditionally referred to a raster display device, but following popularization of the term "video game", it now implies any type of display device.
Nature of video games
- Main article: Video games
Video game genres
Video game genres – video game categorization based on their gameplay interaction and set of gameplay challenges rather than visual or narrative differences.
Action game – a video game genre that emphasizes physical challenges, including hand–eye coordination and reaction-time.
- Beat 'em up – a video game genre featuring melee combat between the protagonist and a large number of underpowered antagonists.
- Fighting game – a genre where the player controls an on-screen character and engages in close combat with an opponent.
- Platform game – requires the player to control a character to jump to and from suspended platforms or over obstacles (jumping puzzles).
- Shooter game – wide subgenre that focuses on using some sort of weapon often testing the player's speed and reaction time.
- First-person shooter – a video game genre that centers the gameplay on gun and projectile weapon-based combat through first-person perspective; i.e., the player experiences the action through the eyes of a protagonist.
- Light gun shooter – a genre in which the primary design element is aiming and shooting with a gun-shaped controller.
- Shoot 'em up – a genre where the player controls a lone character, often in a spacecraft or aircraft, shooting large numbers of enemies while dodging their attacks.
- Tactical shooter – includes both first-person shooters and third-person shooters and simulates realistic combat, thus making tactics and caution more important than quick reflexes in other action games.
- Third-person shooter – a genre of 3D action games in which the player character is visible on-screen, and the gameplay consists primarily of shooting.
- Dating sim –
- Graphic adventure game –
- Interactive fiction –
- Interactive movie –
- Visual novel –
Role-playing video game
Role-playing video game (RPG) – a video game genre with origins in pen-and-paper role-playing games such as Dungeons & Dragons, using much of the same terminology, settings and game mechanics. The player in RPGs controls one character, or several adventuring party members, fulfilling one or many quests.
- Action role-playing game – a loosely-defined sub-genre of role-playing video games that incorporate elements of action or action-adventure games, emphasizing real-time action where the player has direct control over characters, instead of turn-based or menu-based combat.
- Hack and slash – a type of gameplay that emphasizes combat.
- Role-playing shooter – a sub-genre, featuring elements of both shooter games and action RPGs.
- Dungeon crawl – a type of scenario in fantasy role-playing games in which heroes navigate a labyrinthine environment, battling various monsters, and looting any treasure they may find.
- Roguelike – a sub-genre of role-playing video games, characterized by randomization for replayability, permanent death, and turn-based movement.
- MUD – a multiplayer real-time virtual world, with the term usually referring to text-based instances of these.
- Massively multiplayer online role-playing game – a multiplayer real-time virtual world
- Tactical role-playing game – a multiplayer real-time virtual world, with the term usually referring to text-based instances of these.
Simulation video game
Simulation video game –
- Construction and management simulation –
- Life simulation game –
- Digital pet – type of artificial human companion, usually kept for companionship or enjoyment. Digital pets are distinct in that they have no concrete physical form other than the computer they run on.
- God game –
- Social simulation game –
- Sports game –
Strategy video game
Strategy video game – a genre that emphasizes skillful thinking and planning to achieve victory. They emphasize strategic, tactical, and sometimes logistical challenges. Many games also offer economic challenges and exploration.
- 4X game – a genre in which players control an empire and "explore, expand, exploit, and exterminate." (4X)
- Artillery game – the generic name for either early two- or three-player (usually turn-based) computer games involving tanks fighting each other in combat or similar derivative games.
- Real-time strategy (RTS) – a sub-genre of strategy video game which does not progress incrementally in turns.
- Tower defense – a genre where the goal of the game is to try to stop enemies from crossing a map by building towers which shoot at them as they pass.
- Dota – a hybrid of real-time strategy and role-playing video games where the objective is for the player's team to destroy the opposing side's main structure with the help of periodically spawned computer-controlled units that march towards the enemy's main structure.
- Real-time tactics – a subgenre of tactical wargames played in real-time simulating the considerations and circumstances of operational warfare and military tactics, differentiated from real-time strategy gameplay by the lack of resource micromanagement and base or unit building, as well as the greater importance of individual units and a focus on complex battlefield tactics.
- Tactical role-playing game – a type of video game which incorporates elements of traditional role-playing video games and strategy games.
- Turn-based strategy – a strategy game (usually some type of wargame, especially a strategic-level wargame) where players take turns when playing.
- Turn-based tactics – a genre of strategy video games that through stop-action simulates the considerations and circumstances of operational warfare and military tactics in generally small-scale confrontations as opposed to more strategic considerations of turn-based strategy (TBS) games.
- Wargame – a subgenre that emphasize strategic or tactical warfare on a map, as well as historical (or near-historical) accuracy.
Vehicle simulation game
- Flight simulator –
- Amateur flight simulation –
- Combat flight simulator –
- Racing game –
- Space flight simulator game –
- Submarine simulator –
- Train simulator –
- Vehicular combat game –
- Adult game – a game which has significant sexual content (like an adult movie), and are therefore intended for an adult audience.
- Advergame – the practice of using video games to advertise a product, organization or viewpoint.
- Art game – a video game that is designed in such a way as to emphasize art or whose structure is intended to produce some kind of reaction in its audience.
- Christian video game – A video game telling stories from the bible, typically unlicensed, with an exception being Noah's Ark for the NES.
- Educational game – video games that have been specifically designed to teach people about a certain subject, expand concepts, reinforce development, understand an historical event or culture, or assist them in learning a skill as they play.
- Exergaming – video games that are also a form of exercise and rely on technology that tracks body movement or reaction.
- Maze video games – video game genre description first used by journalists during the 1980s to describe any game in which the entire playing field was a maze.
- Music video game – a video game where the gameplay is meaningfully and often almost entirely oriented around the player's interactions with a musical score or individual songs.
- Rhythm game – games that challenge the player's sense of rhythm and focus on dance or the simulated performance of musical instruments, and require players to press buttons in a sequence dictated on the screen.
- Party video games – games commonly designed as a collection of simple minigames, designed to be intuitive and easy to control and to be played in multiplayer.
- Puzzle video game – video games that emphasize puzzle solving, including logic, strategy, pattern recognition, sequence solving, and word completion.
- Serious game – a video game designed for a primary purpose other than pure entertainment, generally referring to products used by industries like defense, education, scientific exploration, health care, emergency management, city planning, engineering, religion, and politics.
- Traditional game – a computer program adaptation of a non-computer game (such as a board game or card game).
Other types of video games
- Casual game – a game of any genre that is targeted for a mass audience of casual gamers. Casual games typically have simple rules and require no long-term time commitment or special skills to play.
- Indie game – games created by individuals or small teams without video game publisher financial support as well as often focus on innovation and rely on digital distribution.
- Minigame – a short or more simplistic video game often contained within another video game.
- Non-game – software that lies on the border between video games, toys and applications, with the main difference between non-games and traditional video games being the apparent lack of goals, objectives and challenges.
- Programming game – a game where the player has no direct influence on the course of the game, instead a computer program or script is written that controls the actions of the characters.
Video game hardware platforms
Video game platforms –
- Arcade game –
- Audio game –
- Console game –
- Handheld video game –
- Mobile game –
- Online game –
- Personal computer game –
- Difficulty level
- Gaming computer
- Ludonarrative and
Specific video games
- List of best-selling video games
- List of best-selling video game franchises
- List of cult video games
- List of arcade games
- List of last games released on video game consoles
- List of video games based on comics
- List of video games based on anime or manga
- List of video games based on cartoons
Video game industry
- List of video game companies
- List of commercial failures in video gaming
- List of video game developers
- List of video game publishers
- List of indie game developers
- List of video game industry people
- List of video game franchises
- Game studies
- Video game packaging
- Nintendo Seal of Quality
- Sega Seal of Quality
- Video game journalism
Video game development
Video game development – the software development process by which a video game is developed and video game developer is a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games.
Video game developer – a software developer (a business or an individual) that creates video games.
Independent video game development – the process of creating indie video games without the financial support of a video game publisher, usually designed by an individual or a small team.
- Game art design – a process of creating 2D and 3D game art for a video game, such as concept art, item sprites, character models, etc.
- Game artists – an artist who creates art for one or more types of games and are responsible for all of the aspects of game development that call for visual art.
- Video game graphics – variety of individual computer graphic techniques that have evolved over time, primarily due to hardware advances and restrictions.
- Video game art – the use of patched or modified video games or the repurposing of existing games or game structures.
- Concept art – a form of illustration where the main goal is to convey a visual representation of a design, idea, and/or mood before it is put into the final product.
- Procedural texture – a form of illustration where the main goal is to convey a visual representation of a design, idea, and/or mood for use in films, video games, animation, or comic books before it is put into the final product.
- 2D computer graphics – computer-based generation of digital images—mostly from two-dimensional models (such as 2D geometric models, text, and digital images) and by techniques specific to them.
- 3D computer graphics – graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
- Game design – the process of designing the content and rules of a game in the pre-production stage and design of gameplay, environment, storyline, and characters during production stage.
- Game modification – are made by the general public or a developer, and can be entirely new games in themselves, but mods are not standalone software and require the user to have the original release in order to run.
- Game music – musical pieces or soundtracks and background musics found in video games ranging from a primitive synthesizer tune to an orchestral pieces and complex soundtracks.
- Game producer – the person in charge of overseeing development of a video game.
- Game programming – the programming of computer, console or arcade games.
- Game programmer – a software engineer, programmer, or computer scientist who primarily develops codebase for video games or related software, such as game development tools.
- Game engine – a system designed for the creation and development of video games.
- Game Artificial intelligence – techniques used in computer and video games to produce the illusion of intelligence in the behavior of non-player characters (NPCs).
- Game publisher – a company that publishes video games that they have either developed internally or have had developed by a video game developer.
- Game studies – the discipline of studying games, their design, players, and their role in society and culture more broadly.
- Game testing – a software testing process for quality control of video games, primary function being the discovery and documentation of software defects (aka bugs).
- Game journalism – a branch of journalism concerned with the reporting and discussion of video games.
- Level design – a branch of journalism concerned with the reporting and discussion of video games.
- Level editor (tool) – a software tool used to design levels, maps, campaigns, etc and virtual worlds for a video game.
- Other concepts
History of video games
- Early history of video games
- History of first generation video game consoles (1972–1977)
- History of second generation video game consoles (1976–1984)
- History of third generation video game consoles (1983–1992)
- History of fourth generation video game consoles (1987–1996)
- History of fifth generation video game consoles (1993–2006)
- History of sixth generation video game consoles (1998–)
- History of seventh generation video game consoles (2005–)
- History of eighth generation video game consoles (2011–)
Prior to 1972
1970 · 1971 · 1972 · 1973 · 1974 · 1975 · 1976 · 1977 · 1978 · 1979
1980 · 1981 · 1982 · 1983 · 1984 · 1985 · 1986 · 1987 · 1988 · 1989
1990 · 1991 · 1992 · 1993 · 1994 · 1995 · 1996 · 1997 · 1998 · 1999
2000 · 2001 · 2002 · 2003 · 2004 · 2005 · 2006 · 2007 · 2008 · 2009
2010 · 2011 · 2012
- History of arcade games
- Chronology of console role-playing games
- History of video game consoles
- History of personal computer games
- History of action games
- History of action-adventure games
- History of adventure games
- History of role-playing video games
- History of sports games
- History of strategy video games
- Video game culture
- Video game art
- Video game collecting
- Game studies
- Gamers Outreach Foundation
- List of books based on video games
- List of films based on video games
- List of television programs based on video games
- List of anime based on video games
- List of video game websites
- Portrayal of women in video games
- Video game magazines
Politics of video games
Video game classifications and controversies Computer and
video game law
Lawsuits Groups People Genres
People influential in video games
- List of home computers by video hardware
- List of electronic sports players
OutlinesGeneral reference · Culture and the arts · Geography and places · Health and fitness · History and events · Mathematics and logic · Natural and physical sciences · People and self · Philosophy and thinking · Religion and belief systems · Society and social sciences · Technology and applied sciences
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Instruction manual (video games) — An instruction manual, in the context of computer and video games, is a booklet that instructs the player on how to play the game, gives descriptions of the controls and their effects, and shows a general outline of the concepts and goals of the… … Wikipedia
Dance Dance Revolution (Windows video games) — To date two official home versions of Dance Dance Revolution have been released for personal computers, with a third on the way. One in Japan and one in North America. In contrast, dozens of DDR like programs have been released on multiple… … Wikipedia
Video game — Computer and video games redirects here. For the magazine, see Computer and Video Games. For PC games specifically, see personal computer game. For Console games specifically, see console game. For the Lana Del Rey song, see Video Games (song) … Wikipedia
Outline of basketball — See also: Index of basketball articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to basketball: Basketball – ball game and team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or shooting a… … Wikipedia
Outline of chess — A game of chess, in the starting position. See also: Glossary of chess and Index of chess articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to chess: Chess – two player board game played on a chessboard, a square … Wikipedia
Video game development — Game development redirects here. For other uses, see Game development (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Outline of sports — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports: Sport – a physical activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively, sports can be played on land, in water and in the air.… … Wikipedia
Outline of James Bond — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to James Bond: James Bond 007 – fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming, who featured him in twelve novels and two short story collections. The character has… … Wikipedia
Outline of games — See also: Index of game related articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to games and gaming: Games – structured or semi structured activities, usually undertaken for enjoyment. They are usually fun… … Wikipedia
Outline of entertainment — The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to entertainment, entertainers and the entertainment industry. Entertainment – any activity which provides a diversion or permits people to amuse themselves in their leisure… … Wikipedia