- Video Recordings Act 1984
Infobox UK Legislation
short_title= Video Recordings Act 1984
parliament=United Kingdom Parliament
long_title=An Act to make provision for regulating the distribution of video recordings and for connected purposes.
territorial_extent= Whole of UK
The Video Recordings Act 1984 is a UK
Act of Parliamentthat was passed into law in 1984.
The act states that commercial
videorecordings offered for sale or for hire within the UK must carry a classification that has been agreed upon by an authority designated by the Home Office.
British Board of Film Classification, which had been instrumental in the certification of motion pictures since 1912 the "British Board of Film Censors", was designated as the classifying authority in 1985. Works are classified under an age-rated system, (see motion picture rating systems) and as such, it is an offence to supply video works to individuals who are (or appear to be) under the age of the classification designated.
The act was a legislative reaction to a
moral panicconcerning "video nasties" that was sparked by tabloidnewspapers in Britain during 1982and 1983. Sport, music, religious, and educational works are exempt from classification under the Act. Exemption may be forfeited if the work depicts excessive human sexualactivity or acts of force or restraint associated with such activity, mutilationor tortureof humans or animals, human genitalorgans or urinaryor excretory functions, or techniques likely to be useful in the perpetration of criminal acts or illicit activity.
The Act was accompanied by the
Video Recordings (Labelling) Act 1985, which set out regulations governing the display of certificates awarded by the BBFC on published recordings.
The act was amended in the
Video Recordings Act 1993but underwent no significant changes. It was amended again in the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994to deal with the growing issue of "video violence". In addition, the amendment extended the definition of a video recording to any device capable of storing electronic data, which invariably includes works available on DVDas well as CD and CD-ROM, although the amendment exempts video games(except if they depict criminal activity which is likely to any significant extent to stimulate or encourage the commission of offences). The labelling regulations were amended in 1985.
Video Appeals Committee.
*cite book | year = 1984 | title = Video Recordings Act 1984 | author = | publisher = The Stationery Office Books | id = ISBN 0-10-543984-3 (paperback edition)
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