Fan translation


Fan translation

Fan translation refers to the unofficial translation of various forms of media by fans, usually into a language in which an official translated version is not available. These translations are distributed for free or at minimal cost. The rise of the Internet has enabled fan translators to collaborate and distribute their material more effectively, and has therefore led to a large increase in the amount of fan translated material. Fan translations almost always constitute copyright infringement.

Media

Notable areas of fan translation include:

*Fansub – translating and subtitling movies, television programs and other similar media. For many languages the most popular fan subtitling is of Hollywood movies and American TV dramas, while fansubs into English-language are largely of East Asian entertainment, particularly anime.

*Fan translation of video games – this practice grew with the rise of video game console emulation in the late 1990s and still mainly focuses on older classic games. These translations are typically distributed as patches that modify the binary files of the original game into new binaries.

*Scanlation – the distribution of fan translated comics, especially manga, as computer images which have been scanned and translated by fans. An alternative method of distributing fan-translated sequential art is to distribute only the translated text, requiring readers to purchase a copy of the work in the original language.

*Fan translation of written fiction, particularly short stories but sometimes including full novels. [http://www.zonaeuropa.com/20070728_1.htm "Self-Organized Citizen Translations of Harry Potter 7"] , 26 July 2007 (English translation of original Chinese article from yWeekend)]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • fan translation — noun An unofficial translation of a computer game or video game into a language that it was never marketed in (as opposed to a commercial translation), especially an English translation of a Japan only video game and usually through console… …   Wiktionary

  • Fan translation of video games — refers to an unofficial translation of a computer game or video game, sometimes into a language that it was never marketed in. The fan translation practice grew with the rise of video game console emulation in the late 1990s. A community of… …   Wikipedia

  • Fan translation (video gaming) — For other uses, see Fan translation. A fan translation, in video gaming, refers to an unofficial translation of a computer game or video game. The fan translation practice grew with the rise of video game console emulation in the late 1990s.[1] A …   Wikipedia

  • Fan convention — A fan convention, or con (term antedates 1942[1] ), is an event in which fans of a particular film, television series, comic book, actor, or an entire genre of entertainment such as science fiction or anime and manga, gather to participate and… …   Wikipedia

  • fan translator — noun A person or online group who carries out fan translation …   Wiktionary

  • Fan Li — (范蠡) was an advisor in the state of Yue in the Spring and Autumn Period. He had been to the state of Wu as hostage with King Goujian of Yue. Three years later they came back and he helped Goujian to carry on a reform. At last Yue was able to… …   Wikipedia

  • Fan service — Not to be confused with Fan labor. An anime or manga character wearing a bathing suit is typical fan service . Fan service (ファンサービス, fan sābisu …   Wikipedia

  • Fan disc — A fan disc is an expanded content game disc, usually released by a game company after the game s first successful launch. The content adds new images, music and other media and usually extends the game s time line by adding in a new shorter game; …   Wikipedia

  • Fan Brycheiniog — Infobox Mountain Name = Fan Brycheiniog Photo = Caption = Elevation = 802 m (2,631 feet) Location = Powys, WAL Range = Brecon Beacons Prominence = c. 423 m Coordinates = Topographic Easiest route = Grid ref UK = SN825217 Listing = Marilyn, Hewitt …   Wikipedia

  • Harry Potter in translation — The Harry Potter series of fantasy novels by J. K. Rowling books have become some of the most widely read works of children s literature in history, with readers of all ages and in many countries. Worldwide sales of Harry Potter books are… …   Wikipedia