Cabinet of Vanuatu


Cabinet of Vanuatu
Vanuatu

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The Cabinet of Vanuatu (formally the Council of Ministers of Vanuatu) is the cabinet (executive branch) of the government of the Republic of Vanuatu.

The Constitution of Vanuatu (Art. 39(1)) specifies that "[t]he executive power of the people of the Republic of Vanuatu is vested in the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers". The number of Ministers must not "exceed a quarter of the number of members of Parliament" (Art. 40(2)). The Prime Minister, who is directly elected by Parliament, appoints other Ministers from among the members of Parliament (Art. 42(1)). The Council is "collectively responsible to Parliament" (Art. 43(1)).[1]

Contents

Current Cabinet

On 26 June 2011, Sato Kilman was elected Prime Minister by Parliament, with twenty-nine votes to Serge Vohor's twenty-three, thus beginning his first lawfully recognised term as Prime Minister. He reinstated his previous Cabinet.[2]

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister Sato Kilman People's Progress Party Malekula
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Trade, Commerce, Industries and Tourism
Ham Lini National United Party Pentecost
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Quarantine and Fisheries James Nwango People's Progress Party Ambae
Minister of Cooperatives and Ni-Vanuatu Business Development Don Ken Independent Malekula
Minister of Education Marcellino Pipite Republican Party Santo
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Moana Carcasses Kalosil Green Port Vila
Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Alfred Carlot Republican Party Efate Rural
Minister of Health Willie Ruben Abel Vanua'aku Pati Shepherds
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Harry Iauko Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Internal Affairs George Wells National United Party Santo
Minister of Justice and Social Affairs Ralph Regenvanu Land and Justice Party Port Vila
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Stephen Kalsakau Union of Moderate Parties Efate
Minister of Youth and Sports Morkin Stevens National United Party Tanna

Previous Cabinets

Natapei Cabinet (2008-2010)

This Cabinet resulted initially from the September 2008 general election.[3] The following month, the Council was reshuffled to offer positions to the Union of Moderate Parties (UMP), which joined the ruling coalition.[4] In June 2009, the election to Parliament of Bakoa Kaltongga (the Minister for Foreign Affairs) was invalidated by the Supreme Court, leading to his dismissal from the Council of Ministers. On that occasion, Prime Minister Edward Natapei reshuffled his Cabinet again.[5][6] In December 2009, a new reshuffle[7] produced the following Cabinet:[8][9]

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister
Minister of Public Service
Edward Natapei Vanua'aku Pati Port Vila
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Trades, Commerce and Industry
Sato Kilman People's Progress Party Malekula
Minister of Justice and Women’s Affairs Bakoa Kaltonga Vanua'aku Pati Efate
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Sela Molisa Vanua'aku Pati Santo
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Paul Telukluk Namangi Aute Malekula
Minister of Internal Affairs,
Minister of Labour
Moana Carcasses Kalosil Green Port Vila
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Serge Vohor Union of Moderate Parties Santo
Minister of Education Charlot Salwai Union of Moderate Parties Pentecost
Minister of Health Moses Kahu Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Foreign Affairs, External Trade and Telecommunications Joe Natuman Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Agriculture Steven Kalsakau Union of Moderate Parties Efate
Minister of Ni-Vanuatu Business Dunstan Hilton People's Progress Party Banks & Torres
Minister of Sports and Youth Development Raphael Worwor Union of Moderate Parties Ambrym

Kilman Cabinet (2010-2011)

On 2 December 2010, Edward Natapei's government was ousted in a vote of no confidence, and Parliament elected Sato Kilman to replace him.[10] Kilman's initial appointments to his Cabinet are given below.[11][12]

A few days later, a reshuffle took place when members of the Union of Moderate Parties accepted positions in Cabinet in exchange for withdrawing their support from an immediate motion of no confidence in the new government. Charlot Salwai, vice-President of the UMP, replaced Yoan Simon as Minister for Education; and Serge Vohor, President of the UMP, replaced Harry Iauko as Minister for Infrastructure and Public Utilities. Simon became Minister for Justice, replacing Alfred Carlot, who lost his seat in Cabinet, while Iauko became Minister for Lands and Natural Resources, replacing Paul Telukluk (the only Namangi Aute MP), who was also removed from Cabinet.[13]

On 10 February 2011, Vohor and Salwai both resigned, along with Minister for Agriculture Marcellino Pipite, of the Republican Party; all three wished to protest over their respective parties having fewer seats in Cabinet then they had asked for. (The Republican Party had lost one when Carlot was removed in the reshuffle.) Following Vohor and Salwai's resignation from the government, the UMP announced it was joining the opposition once again, supporting Edward Natapei in his bid to reclaim the premiership by ousting Kilman in a new motion of "no confidence".[14]

On 18 February, there was another reshuffle, to consolidate the government's majority prior to an expected vote on a motion of confidence in Parliament. Backbencher Esmon Sae was appointed Minister for ni-Vanuatu business, replacing Ralph Regenvanu, who became instead Minister for Lands. Backbencher James Wango was appointed Minister for Agriculture, while Marcellino Pipite, who had rejoined the government, was appointed Minister for Education.[15]

On 10 March, Kilman sacked Justice Minister Yoan Simon, who had "reportedly backed the opposition’s plans for a motion of no confidence". To shore up the coalition, the Republican Party was invited to join the government once more. The Republican Party demanded the Lands Ministry, which Kilman consequently offered to Alfred Carlot. This meant reshuffling Lands Minister Ralph Regenvanu to the Ministry of Justice and Social Affairs.[16][17][18]

Initial Kilman Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister Sato Kilman People's Progress Party Malekula
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Trade, Commerce, Industries and Tourism
Ham Lini National United Party Pentecost
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Quarantine and Fisheries Marcellino Pipite Republican Party Santo
Minister of Cooperatives and Ni-Vanuatu Business Development Ralph Regenvanu Land and Justice Party Port Vila
Minister of Education Yoanne Simon Vanua'aku Pati Epi
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Moana Carcasses Kalosil Green Port Vila
Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade George Wells National United Party Luganville
Minister of Health Ton Ken Independent Malekula
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Harry Iauko Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Internal Affairs Dunstan Hilton People's Progress Party Banks/Torres
Minister of Justice Alfred Carlot Republican Party Efate
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Paul Telukluk Namangi Aute Malekula
Minister of Youth and Sports Morkin Stevens National United Party Tanna

Cabinet after final reshuffle (March 2011)

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister Sato Kilman People's Progress Party Malekula
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Trade, Commerce, Industries and Tourism
Ham Lini National United Party Pentecost
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Quarantine and Fisheries James Wango People's Progress Party Ambae
Minister of Cooperatives and Ni-Vanuatu Business Development Esmon Sae Melanesian Progressive Party Malekula
Minister of Education Marcellino Pipite Republican Party Santo
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Moana Carcasses Kalosil Green Port Vila
Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade George Wells National United Party Luganville
Minister of Health Ton Ken Independent Malekula
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Harry Iauko Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Internal Affairs Dunstan Hilton People's Progress Party Banks/Torres
Minister of Justice and Social Affairs Ralph Regenvanu Land and Justice Party Port Vila
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Alfred Carlot Republican Party Efate
Minister of Youth and Sports Morkin Stevens National United Party Tanna

Vohor Cabinet (2011)

On 24 April 2011 (Easter Sunday), Parliament ousted Prime Minister Sato Kilman by twenty-six votes to twenty-five in a motion of no confidence. The Opposition had not formally proposed a candidate to replace him, and Parliament elected Serge Vohor (Union of Moderate Parties) as new Prime Minister. It was Vohor's fourth accession to the premiership.[19] He quickly named his new Cabinet (detailed below). Other than Vohor himself, it included only one minister from the Union of Moderate Parties (Charlot Salwai, who was given the Education portfolio), whereas the Vanua'aku Pati received four ministries. Eta Rory, the only woman in Parliament, was appointed Minister for Agriculture.[20][21]

However, Serge Vohor's election as Prime Minister, and therefore both his term in office and the tenure of his Cabinet, was voided by the Court of Appeal on 13 May. The Court deemed that his election was unconstitutional as he had only received votes from one-half of the members of Parliament (26 out of 52), rather than by an absolute majority.[22]

Members of the 2011 Vohor Cabinet

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister Serge Vohor Union of Moderate Parties Santo
Deputy Prime Minister Joshua Kalsakau Labour Party Efate
Minister for Foreign Affairs Joe Natuman Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister for Trade Sela Molisa Vanua'aku Pati Santo
Minister for Agriculture Eta Rory Family First Party Malekula
Minister for Finance Bakoa Kaltongga Vanua'aku Pati Efate
Minister for Health Willie Reuben Abel Vanua'aku Pati Tongoa
Minister for Lands Dominique Morin Republican Party Luganville
Minister for Internal Affairs Patrick Crowby National United Party Port Vila
Minister for Education Charlot Salwai Union of Moderate Parties Pentecost
Minister for Justice Ioan Simon Labour Party Epi
Minister for Ni-Vanuatu Business Paul Telukluk Namangi Aute Malekula
Minister for Sports Thomas Isom National United Party Banks/Torres

Kilman Cabinet (May-June 2011)

Following the voiding of Serge Vohor's brief premiership by the Court of Appeal on 13 May, the premiership reverted to its previous holder: Sato Kilman. Ralph Regenvanu stated that the ousted Kilman Cabinet was thereby fully restored: "Sato and his ministers remain the cabinet of Vanuatu and have always been. [...] [W]e have now taken back our offices."[22] Kilman's restored government, however, was supported only by twenty-four Members of Parliament, while Vohor was believed to have the support of twenty-seven, leaving Kilman's coalition in a precarious position.[23]

Over the following days, the government's side was somewhat strengthened as two members of Parliament defected from the Opposition, and were given Cabinet portfolios. Stephen Kalsakau switched sides a day after the Kilman government was restored, and was appointed Minister for Lands. On 17 May, Willie Reuben Abel joined the government as Minister for Health, replacing Don Ken, who was reshuffled to the ministry of ni-Vanuatu affairs.[24][25] This 17 May Cabinet lasted until the Kilman premiership was voided the following month.

On 20 May, the government weathered a motion of no confidence, emerging with the support of 27 MPs - a majority of one. Kilman noted the potential for more instability if floor-crossing were to occur, adding that in that case, "we cannot have instability for the next twelve months, [so] it w[ould] be in the interest of the country to go back to elections, as soon as possible".[26]

Kilman's term was also voided by a ruling from Chief Justice Vincent Lunabek on 16 June, finding that Kilman's election in December 2010 had not been in conformity with the requirements for a secret parliamentary ballot set out in Article 41 of the Constitution. Natapei was restored with instructions from the court to convene Parliament for the election of a Prime Minister.[27][28]

Cabinet following reshuffle on 17 May 2011

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister Sato Kilman People's Progress Party Malekula
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Trade, Commerce, Industries and Tourism
Ham Lini National United Party Pentecost
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry, Quarantine and Fisheries James Nwango People's Progress Party Ambae
Minister of Cooperatives and Ni-Vanuatu Business Development Don Ken Independent Malekula
Minister of Education Marcellino Pipite Republican Party Santo
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Moana Carcasses Kalosil Green Port Vila
Minister of Foreign Affairs and External Trade Alfred Carlot Republican Party Efate Rural
Minister of Health Willie Ruben Abel Vanua'aku Pati Sheperds
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Harry Iauko Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Internal Affairs George Wells National United Party Santo
Minister of Justice and Social Affairs Ralph Regenvanu Land and Justice Party Port Vila
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Stephen Kalsakau Union of Moderate Parties Efate
Minister of Youth and Sports Morkin Stevens National United Party Tanna

Natapei interim Cabinet (June 2011)

With Sato Kilman's premiership having been declared null and void on 16 June 2011, Vanuatu briefly had an interim Prime Minister, Edward Natapei, tasked simply with convening Parliament for the election of a new Prime Minister.[27][29] Radio Australia noted that Natapei's "former ministers have become interim ministers until a new prime minister is elected".[30] Ironically, this included Sato Kilman as Deputy Prime Minister. See "Natapei Cabinet (2008-2010)", above.

During his interim, Natapei notably ordered all those who had served as ministers under Kilman to refund their salaries, on the grounds that they had not lawfully held office.[31]

On 20 June, Natapei reshuffled this caretaker Cabinet, producing the following:[32]

Portfolio Minister Party Constituency
Prime Minister
Minister of Public Service
Edward Natapei Vanua'aku Pati Port Vila
Minister of Justice and Women’s Affairs Bakoa Kaltonga Vanua'aku Pati Efate
Minister of Finance and Economic Management Sela Molisa Vanua'aku Pati Santo
Minister of Lands and Natural Resources Dominique Morin Republican Party Luganville
Minister of Internal Affairs Patrick Crowby National United Party Port Vila
Minister of Infrastructure and Public Utilities Joshua Kalsakau Labour Party Efate
Minister of Education Charlot Salwai Union of Moderate Parties Pentecost
Minister of Foreign Affairs Joe Natuman Vanua'aku Pati Tanna
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Samson Samsen Republican Party Santo
Minister of Ni-Vanuatu Business Paul Telukluk Namangi Aute Malekula
Minister of Youth and Sports Eta Rory Family First Party Malekula

References

  1. ^ Constitution of Vanuatu
  2. ^ "Vanuatu’s new PM reinstates cabinet". Radio New Zealand International. 27 June 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=61430. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "New Vanuatu PM names his cabinet line-up". Radio New Zealand International. 22 September 2008. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=42133. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  4. ^ "NUP and UMP lift cloud of uncertainty", Vanuatu Daily Post, 3 October 2008
  5. ^ "Natapei makes further reshuffle", Vanuatu Daily Post, 22 June 2009
  6. ^ "Composition du gouvernement de la République du Vanuatu", French Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  7. ^ "Vanuatu speaker’s post at centre of parliamentary vote". Radio New Zealand International. 8 December 2009. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=50788. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  8. ^ Composition of Cabinet, Parliament of Vanuatu website, accessed January 2010
  9. ^ "Natapei fires NUP, brings in Alliance", Vanuatu Daily Post, 19 November 2009
  10. ^ "Vanuatu’s Natapei ousted in no confidence challenge". Radio New Zealand International. 2 December 2010. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=57430. Retrieved 2010-12-02. 
  11. ^ Cabinet of Vanuatu, CIA, 20 December 2010
  12. ^ "New govt", Vanuatu Daily Post, 7 December 2010
  13. ^ "Vanuatu’s Kilman adds more MPs to Cabinet". www.rnzi.com. Radio New Zealand International. 20 December 2010. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=57784. Retrieved 23 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "Three Vanuatu govt MPs resign leading to a minority govt". Radio New Zealand International. 11 February 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=58725. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "Cabinet reshuffle as Vanuatu political crisis continues". Radio New Zealand International. 19 February 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=58862. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  16. ^ "Vanuatu cabinet re-shuffle to shore up government numbers". Radio New Zealand International. 11 March 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=59298. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  17. ^ "Reforming Vanuatu lands minister stripped of portfolio after three weeks". Radio New Zealand International. 10 March 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=59282. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "Composition du gouvernement de la République du Vanuatu", French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 26 May 2011
  19. ^ "Vohor takes Vanuatu's top job but instability expected to continue", ABC Radio Australia, 25 April 2011
  20. ^ "Vohor leads new govt", Vanuatu Daily Post, 26 April 2011
  21. ^ "New look Vanuatu government sworn in". Radio New Zealand International. 25 April 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=60202. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  22. ^ a b "Appeal court restores Kilman as Vanuatu prime minister". Radio New Zealand International. 13 May 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=60575. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  23. ^ "Vanuatu Court decision results in change of government", ABC Radio Australia, 13 May 2011
  24. ^ "Number crunching in Vanuatu ahead of leadership vote", Australia Network News, 18 May 2011
  25. ^ "Seeking majority, Kilman reshuffles Vanuatu cabinet to accommodate defector". Radio New Zealand International. 17 May 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=60639. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  26. ^ "Vanuatu's ruling alliance survives parliamentary vote", ABC Radio Australia, 20 May 2011
  27. ^ a b "Vanuatu Court rules Kilman election void, reinstates Natapei as interim PM". Radio New Zealand International. 16 June 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=61230. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  28. ^ "Supreme Declared Natapei, Acting Prime Minister ", government of Vanuatu, 16 June 2011
  29. ^ "Supreme Declared Natapei, Acting Prime Minister ", government of Vanuatu, 16 June 2011
  30. ^ "Natapei interim PM in Vanuatu government change", Radio Australia, 16 June 2011
  31. ^ "Prime Minister orders Kilman “ministers” to refund salaries", Vanuatu Daily Post, 27 June 2011
  32. ^ "Vanuatu interim leader appoints cabinet ministers ahead of prime ministerial vote Thursday". Radio New Zealand International. 20 June 2011. http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=61294. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 

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