- Foreign relations of Vanuatu
Vanuatumaintains relations with more than 65 countries, and has a very modest network of diplomatic missions. However, only Australia, France, New Zealand, and the People's Republic of Chinamaintain embassies, high commissions, or missions in Port Vila. The British High Commissionclosed in 2005 after maintaining a presence for almost a century.
The government's main concern has been to bolster the economy. In keeping with its need for financial assistance, Vanuatu has joined the
Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund(IMF), and the Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique(ACCT). According to ABC Radio Australia, "Foreign policy issues that feature in Vanuatu include wide support for the Free West Papua Movementand broadly for independence throughout Melanesia, the One China Policyand relations with Australia and New Zealand." On the latter topic, guest workerprogrammes feature prominently. [ [http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/news/stories/200809/s2359773.htm?tab=pacific "Uncertainty after Vanuatu's general election"] , ABC Radio Australia, September 9, 2008]
The government encourages private enterprise, foreign investment, and producer cooperatives. Like other developing countries, Vanuatu is particularly interested in enterprises that add value to local primary products and that provide employment. In less lucrative sectors, the government sets up its own production companies or enters joint ventures with foreign investors.
Since 1980, Australia, the United Kingdom, France, and New Zealand have provided the bulk of Vanuatu's development aid. A number of other countries, including
Japan, Canada, Germany, and various multilateral organizations, such as the Economic and Social Council for Asia and the Pacific, the UN Development Programme, the Asian Development Bank, the European Economic Community, and the Commonwealth Development Corporationalso provide developmental aid. The United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and Japan also send volunteers.
Vanuatu retains strong economic and cultural ties to Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and France. Australia has provided the bulk of Vanuatu's military assistance, training its
paramilitarymobile force and also providing patrol boats to patrol Vanuatu's waters.
Vanuatu briefly recognized the
Republic of China(Taiwan) in late 2004 when on November 3Prime Minister Serge Vohorsigned a communiqué in Taipeiwith ROC Foreign Minister Mark Chen. Taipei had offered $30 million in aid in return (compared with the $10 million given by the PRC). Under the One-China policy, this would result in the severing of ties with the People's Republic of China. However, Vohor did so without consultations with his cabinet and the PRC Foreign Ministry, quoting the Vanuatuan Foreign Minister, denied ties with the ROC had been established. The Vanuatuan Council of Ministers, in the Prime Minister's absence, announced on November 11 that the communiqué had been withdrawn but a spokesman for the Prime Minister denied this a day later. There were reports that previous attempts by Vohor to travel to Taipei were thwarted amid pressure from Beijing so his latest visit was done secretly on purpose. For a period of few weeks, both the PRC and ROC had diplomatic missions posted in Vanuatu with the Vanuatuan government in internal disagreement. At one point Prime Minister Vohor punched the PRC ambassador when approached to explain why the flag of the Republic of Chinawas flying over the hotel where the Taiwanese representative was posted. The standoff ended on December 11, 2004when the parliament passed a motion of no-confidence against Vohor and replaced him with Ham Lini.
11 March 2005, Vanuatu imposed a ban in biscuit imports, ostensibly to protect its own biscuit manufacturing industry, giving a monopoly on the business to the Espiritu Santo-based Wong Sze Singstore. The ban was the second in a year. Bread and breakfast cereals produced by Flour Mills of Fijiare the worst-hit.
Fijian government retaliated on 13 Junewith a threat to impose a total commercial embargo on Vanuatu. Major income-earners for Vanuatu targeted by the Fijian government include Vanuatu kava, valued at almost US$3.2 million, and Air Vanuatuflights (US$8 million).
In the late 2000s, Vanuatu began to strengthen its relations with
Cuba. Cuba provides medical aid to Vanuatu, sending doctors to the country [ [http://www.plenglish.com:80/article.asp?ID=%7B771AA7E5-B9F3-4129-AFF7-208C0DC1D65D%7D)&language=EN "Cuban Physicians to Aid 81 Nations"] , Prensa Latina, March 29, 2008] and providing scholarships for ni-Vanuatu medical students to study in Cuba. [ [http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=41373 "Vanuatu to get six doctors from Cuba"] , Radio New Zealand International, August 10, 2008] In September 2008, a representative of the ni-Vanuatu government attended the first Cuba-Pacific Islands ministerial meeting in Havana. The meeting aimed at "strengthening cooperation" between Cuba and Pacific Islandcountries, notably in coping with the effects of climate change. [ [http://www.cubanews.ain.cu/2008/0916amistadislaspacifico.htm "Cuban Foreign Minister Opens Cuba-Pacific Islands Meeting"] , Cuban News Agency, September 16, 2008] [ [http://www.rnzi.com/pages/news.php?op=read&id=42045 "Pacific and Cuba meet to discuss co-operation"] , Radio New Zealand International, September 17, 2008]
International organization participation
ACCT, ACP, ADB,
Commonwealth of Nations, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IMO, Intelsat(nonsignatory user), IOC, ITU, NAM, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTO (applicant).
Matthew Islandand Hunter Islandeast of New Caledonia
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Foreign relations of Cuba — Cuba This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Cuba Constitution Council of State … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of France — France This article is part of the series: Politics and government of France … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Denmark — Denmark This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Denmark … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the People's Republic of China — Diplomatic relations between world states and People s Republic of China People s Republic of China … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of the Republic of China — Building of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs in Taipei The Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as Taiwan, is recognized by 23 sovereign states. The course of the foreign relations of the ROC is dominated by maintaining diplomatic relations… … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Nauru — Nauru This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Nauru Constitution President Sprent Dabwido … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Papua New Guinea — Papua New Guinea This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Papua New Guinea Queen Elizabeth II … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Mexico — Mexico This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Mexico … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of Serbia — Serbia This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Serbia … Wikipedia
Foreign relations of New Zealand — New Zealand This article is part of the series: Politics and government of New Zealand Constitution … Wikipedia