- Hans Blix
Dr. Hans Blix Blix in Vienna 2002. Photo by Dean Calma, IAEA 1st Executive Chairman of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission In office
1 March 2000 – 30 June 2003
Preceded by None Succeeded by Dimitris Perrikos 3rd Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency In office
1981 – 1 December 1997
Preceded by Sigvard Eklund Succeeded by Mohamed ElBaradei Minister for Foreign Affairs In office
18 October 1978 – 12 October 1979
Preceded by Karin Söder Succeeded by Ola Ullsten Personal details Born 28 June 1928
Hans Martin Blix (help·info) (born 28 June 1928) is a Swedish diplomat and politician for the Liberal People's Party. He was Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs (1978–1979). Blix was also the head of the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission from March 2000 to June 2003, when he was succeeded by Dimitris Perrikos. In 2002, the commission began searching Iraq for weapons of mass destruction, ultimately finding none. In February 2010, the Government of the United Arab Emirates announced that Blix will be the head of an advisory board for its nuclear power program.
Early life and career
Blix was born in Uppsala, Sweden. He is the son of professor Gunnar Blix and Hertha Wiberg and grandson of professor Magnus Blix. He comes from a family of Jamtlandic origin. Blix studied at Uppsala University and Columbia University, earning his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge (Trinity Hall). In 1959, he became a Juris Doctor in International Law at the University of Uppsala, where he was appointed Associate Professor in International Law the next year.
Between 1962 and 1978 Blix was a member of the Swedish delegation at the Disarmament Conference in Geneva. He held several other positions in the Swedish administration between 1963 and 1976, and from 1961 to 1981 served on the Swedish delegation to the United Nations. From 1978 to 1979, Blix was the Swedish Foreign Minister.
Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (1981-1997)
Blix personally made repeated inspection visits to the Iraqi nuclear reactor Osiraq before its attempted destruction by the Iranians, in 1980, and its eventual destruction by the Israeli Air Force in 1981 during Operation Opera. Although most agreed that Iraq was years away from being able to build a nuclear weapon, the Iranians and the Israelis felt any raid must occur well before nuclear fuel was loaded to prevent nuclear fallout. The attack was regarded as being in breach of the United Nations Charter (S/RES/487) and international law and was widely condemned. Iraq was alternately praised and admonished by the IAEA for its cooperation and lack thereof. It was only after the first Gulf War that the full extent of Iraq's nuclear programs, which had switched from a plutonium based weapon design to a highly enriched uranium design after the destruction of Osiraq, became known.
Another significant event during his time as head of the IAEA was the Chernobyl disaster on 26 April 1986, a nuclear accident rated at the highest level 7 on the IAEA's International Nuclear Event Scale.
Iraq disarmament crisis (2002-2003)
During the Iraq disarmament crisis before the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Blix was called back from retirement by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to lead United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission in charge of monitoring Iraq. Kofi Annan originally recommended Rolf Ekéus, who worked with UNSCOM in the past, but both Russia and France vetoed his appointment.
In his report to the UN Security Council on 14 February 2003, Blix claimed that "If Iraq had provided the necessary cooperation in 1991, the phase of disarmament -- under resolution 687 -- could have been short and a decade of sanctions could have been avoided." 
Blix's statements about the Iraq WMD program came to contradict the claims of the George W. Bush administration,  and attracted a great deal of criticism from supporters of the invasion of Iraq. In an interview on BBC TV on 8 February 2004, Dr. Blix accused the US and British governments of dramatising the threat of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, in order to strengthen the case for the 2003 war against the regime of Saddam Hussein. Ultimately, no stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction were found. 
In an interview with London's Guardian newspaper, Hans Blix said, "I have my detractors in Washington. There are bastards who spread things around, of course, who planted nasty things in the media". 
In 2004, Blix published a book, Disarming Iraq, where he gives his account of the events and inspections before the coalition began its invasion.
Blix said he suspected his home and office were bugged by the United States, while he led teams searching for Saddam Hussein's supposed weapons of mass destruction. Although these suspicions were never directly substantiated, evidence of bugging of UN security council representatives around the time the US was seeking approval from the council came to light after a British government translator leaked a document "allegedly from an American National Security Agency" requesting that British intelligence put wiretaps on delegates to the UN security council.
Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission
Since 2003 Blix has been chair of the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission (WMDC), an independent body funded by the Swedish government and based in Stockholm. 
In December 2006, the Weapons of Mass Destruction Commission said in a report that Pakistan’s infamous and controversial nuclear proliferator Abdul Qadeer Khan could not have acted alone or “without the awareness of the Pakistani government”.
Head of Advisory Board for United Arab Emirates Nuclear Program
Blix will chair a panel of advisors who will oversee the establishment of the UAE’s Dh150 billion atomic energy programme. He will lead the nine-person board, which will meet twice a year. The International Advisory Board (IAB) will oversee progress of the nation’s nuclear energy plan and issue reports on potential improvements to the scheme. The IAB is expected to hold its first meeting later this month[when?] and will include other distinguished nuclear experts, such as Lady Barbara Judge, the chairman of the UK Atomic Energy Authority.
- Doctorate Honoris causa of the University of Moscow in 1987.
- Recipient of the Henry de Wolf Smyth Nuclear Statesman Award (Washington, D.C.), 1988.
- Honorary membership in the Cambridge Union Society.
- Gold Medal for distinguished service in the field of nuclear affairs by the Uranium Institute (now World Nuclear Association) in 1997.
- Doctorate Honoris causa of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel in 2003.
- "Commander of the Légion d'Honneur" in 2004.
- Doctorate Honoris causa of the University of Padova in 2004.
- Sydney Peace Prize 2007.
- Doctorate Honoris causa of the University of Cambridge in 2007.
- Hans Blix is parodied in Team America: World Police, where he is fed to nurse sharks by Kim Jong-il, Dictator of North Korea.
- Hans Blix appeared in the documentaries The World According to Bush  and Europe & USA: Behind the Scenes of a Political Rupture. 
- Disarming Iraq, Hans Blix, Pantheon (9 March 2004). ISBN 0-375-42302-8.
- Why Nuclear Disarmament Matters, Hans Blix, The MIT Press (30 April 2008). ISBN 0-262-02644-9.
- Dag Hammarskjöld and UNSG
- International Conference on Nuclear Disarmament
- Iraq and weapons of mass destruction
- Iraq disarmament crisis
- Hans Corell
- Operation Rockingham
- Mohamed ElBaradei
- V. R. Raghavan, Commissioner on the Independent Commission on Weapons of Mass Destruction
- ^ 2002 Friedmann Award Given to Dr. Hans Blix http://www.law.columbia.edu/media_inquiries/news_events/2002/friedmann_2002 Retrieved 21 March 2007.
- ^ http://www.wmdcommission.org/sida.asp?ID=33 Retrieved 21 March 2007.
- ^ "Blix suspected U.S. spied on him". cnn. Archived from the original on 2008-04-07. http://web.archive.org/web/20080407085915/http://www.cnn.com/2004/US/02/28/un.britain/index.html. Retrieved 2007-09-20.
- ^ "Iraq war 'spy memo case' collapses". cnn. 25 February 2004. http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/europe/02/25/uk.gchq/index.html. Retrieved 2008-04-21.
- ^ "A Q Khan did not act alone" says Hans Blix team
- ^ "Hans Blix — The Cast — Soldiers of Peace". Soldiersofpeacemovie.com. http://www.soldiersofpeacemovie.com/about/the-cast/16/dr-hans-blix/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- ^ "Soldati di Pace (Soldiers of Peace)". Soldatidipace.blogspot.com. 2009-10-18. http://www.soldatidipace.blogspot.com/. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- ^ "Nuke-hunter Blix awarded Sydney Peace Prize". ABC News Online. 21 May 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/news/newsitems/200705/s1928488.htm.
- ^  Congregation of the Regent House on 25 June 2007.
- Annotated Bibliography for Hans Blix from the Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues
- WMD Commission Biography
- UN Maxims Biography
- United Nations Biography
- Dr. Hans Blix's BBC Profile
- Excerpt from the book Disarming Iraq by Hans Blix
- Hans Blix column archives at The Guardian
- Audio of NPR interview with Hans Blix 16 March 2004 (Morning Edition, 8 minutes 24 seconds)
- Audio of NPR interview with Hans Blix 17 March 2004 (Fresh Air, 33 minutes 5 seconds)
- Hersch Lauterpacht Memorial Lecture 2004
- "Nuclear Freeze"-Hans Blix Boston Review
- "Thorium Power Appoints Dr. Hans Blix as Senior Advisor", Thorium Power press release, 4 February 2008
- Dr. Hans Blix: "Georgia and International Law" of 6 September 2008
- Wikipedia Citations of Dr. Hans Blix's Views
- Ultimate Hans Blix Fan Page
Government offices Preceded by
Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs
1978 – 1979
Director General of the IAEA
1981 – 1997
Executive Chairman of the UNMOVIC
2000 – 2003
Sydney Peace Prize laureates
Muhammad Yunus (1998) · Desmond Tutu (1999) · Xanana Gusmão (2000) · William Deane (2001) · Mary Robinson (2002) · Hanan Ashrawi (2003) · Arundhati Roy (2004) · Olara Otunnu (2005) · Irene Khan (2006) · Hans Blix (2007) · Patrick Dodson (2008) · John Pilger (2009) · Vandana Shiva (2010) · Noam Chomsky (2011)
Olof Palme Prize laureates
Cyril Ramaphosa (1987) • UN Peace Keeping Operation (1988) • Václav Havel (1989) • Harlem Désir, SOS Racisme (1990) • Amnesty International (1991) • Arzu Abdullayeva, Anahit Bayandour (1992) • Students for Sarayevo (1993) • Wei Jingsheng (1994) • Fatah Youth, Israeli Labor Young Leadership, Peace Now (1995) • Casa Alianza, Bruce Harris (1996) • Salima Ghezali (1997) • Veran Matić, Senad Pećanin, Viktor Ivančić (1998) • Kurdo Baksi, Björn Fries, Klippan Parent Group (1999) • Bryan Stevenson (2000) • Fazle Hasan Abed (2001) • Hanan Ashrawi (2002) • Hans Blix (2003) • Lyudmila Alexeyeva, Sergei Kovalev, Anna Politkovskaya (2004) • Aung San Suu Kyi (2005) • Kofi Annan, Mossaad Mohamed Ali (2006) • Parvin Ardalan (2007) • Denis Mukwege (2008) • Carsten Jensen (2009) • Eyad al-Sarraj (2010)
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hans Blix — in Wien, 2002. Fotograf: Dean Calma, IAEO Hans Martin Blix ( Aussprache … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hans Blix — en Viena, 2002. Foto de Dean Calma IAEA … Wikipedia Español
Hans Blix — (nacido el 28 de junio de 1928) fue el jefe de los inspectores de la Comisión de Control, Verificación e Inspección (UNMOVIC) desde enero de 2000 hasta junio de 2003. Nació en Uppsala (Suecia). Ministro sueco de Relaciones Exteriores entre 1978 y … Enciclopedia Universal
Hans Blix — (født 28. juni 1928 i Uppsala, Sverige) var leder af FN s våbeninspektører fra januar 2000 til juni 2003, hvor han blev afløst af Demetrius Perricos. I 2002 påbegyndte våbeninspektørerne at gennemsøge Irak for masseødelæggelsesvåben … Danske encyklopædi
Hans Blix — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blix. Hans Blix à Vienne en 2002. Photo par Dean Calma, AIEA Hans Blix (28 juin … Wikipédia en Français
Blix — ist der Name eines Adelsgeschlechts aus Jämtland, siehe Blix (Adelsgeschlecht) Blix ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Peter Andreas Blix (1831–1901), norwegischer Architekt Elias Blix (1836–1902), norwegischer Professor Magnus Blix… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Blix, Hans — ▪ 2004 As the likelihood of war between the United States and Iraq grew in early 2003, the eyes of the world turned toward a soft spoken Swedish lawyer named Hans Blix, the executive chairman (since 2000) of the United Nations Monitoring,… … Universalium
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