- United Evangelical Lutheran Church
The United Church Official Title: The United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (1896-1946)
The United Evangelical Lutheran Church (1946-1960)
Founding: 1896 in Minneapolis, Minnesota, by a merger between the North Church and the Blair Church Successor church bodies: American Lutheran Church (1960-1988)
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (1988-present)
The United Evangelical Lutheran Church (commonly known as the United Church) was one of the many denominations formed when Lutherans came to the United States from Europe. Originally known as the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church, the United Church merged with other Lutheran groups to form the American Lutheran Church in 1960.
The Danish Evangelical Lutheran Association in America (or Blair Church) was formed in 1884 by a group of Danish members who left the Conference of the Norwegian-Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church of America. Many of Blair Church pastors were supportive of the Inner Mission. The Blair Church was based in Blair, Nebraska.
The Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in North America (or North Church) was formed in 1894 when seminary president Kristian Anker and professor Peter Sørensen Vig, along with a number of pastor and congregations, left the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America over theological differences. These two churches merged in 1896 in Minneapolis, Minnesota to form the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church (in addition to being known as the United Church, this new church continued to be referred to as the "Blair Church").
The United Church quickly formed a system of education, centered in Blair, Nebraska. The center-piece was Trinity Seminary, an institution designed for the training of pastors. Trinity was supported by the Dana School. The Dana School was originally intended to provide future pastors with a pre-seminary education, and others in the community with a secondary education. The school, eventually became a two-year college, and then a four-year college, now known as Dana College.
In 1946, as the second and third generation of Danes in America started to merge into the American culture, the word "Danish" was dropped from the official name of the church. In 1960, the United Church merged with churches that were ethnically German and Norwegian to form the American Lutheran Church. At the time of the merger, there were 73,000 baptized members of the United Church in 182 congregations. In 1988, the American Lutheran Church became a part of the largest Lutheran denomination in America, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. As a result of the merger, Trinity Seminary closed its doors, becoming a part of Wartburg Theological Seminary. Dana College in Blair continued to be a college of the ELCA until its closure in 2010.
In the 19th century, the Lutherans in Denmark were divided into three different camps. Many in the church followed the ideas of the theologian and hymn writer N.F.S. Grundvig. Another group, known as Inner Mission, was strongly influenced by European Pietism. This group was so opposed to the ideas of Grundtvig that they were often referred to as the "Anti-Grundtvigians." Finally, a third group known as the Centerists attempted to keep the church together by incorporating ideas from both groups.
The United Church fell firmly in the Inner Mission or Anti-Grundvigian camp. There was a strong emphasis on personal holiness in the United Church, and not much talk about the sacraments. This emphasis led to the United Church being known as the "sad Danes" or "holy Danes." While other Danish Lutherans in America tended to prefer pastors and leaders trained in Copenhagen, the United Church more quickly moved toward pastors trained in America in order to avoid the influence of Grundtvigian theology.
Presidents of the United Evangelical Lutheran Church
- G. B. Christiansen (1896-1921)
- M. N. Andreasen (1921–1925)
- N. C. Carlsen (1925–1950)
- Hans C. Jersild (1950–1956)
- William Larsen (1956–1960)
- ^ The Christian Cyclopedia, "Danish Lutherans in America. Retrieved Dec 17, 2006
- ^ Wolf, Edmund Jacob. The Lutherans in America; a story of struggle, progress, influence and marvelous growth (New York: J.A. Hill. 1889) http://www.archive.org/details/thelutheransinam00wolfuoft
- Jensen, John M. The United Evangelical Lutheran Church: An Interpretation. (Minneapolis: Augsburg Publishing House, 1964)
- Nyholm, Paul C. The Americanization of the Danish Lutheran Churches in America: A Study in Immigrant History. (Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1963)
- Todd W. Nichol All These Lutherans (Minneapolis: Augburg Publishing House, 1986)
- American Evangelical Lutheran Church the other Danish-American Lutheran church body
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United Evangelical Lutheran Church — church organized in 1896 in Minneapolis, Minn., as the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America by merger of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in North America (the North Church) and the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church… … Universalium
United Evangelical Lutheran Church in India — (UELCI, deutsch Vereinigte Evangelisch Lutherische Kirche in Indien) ist eine große lutherische Kirche in Indien. Sie hat Millionen Mitglieder. Viele ihrer Mitglieder sind Dalit oder Adivasi. Sie gehört zum Weltrat der Kirchen, der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany — The United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany (German: Vereinigte Evangelisch Lutherische Kirche Deutschlands) (VELKD) was founded on July 8, 1948 in Eisenach, Germany. Its total membership is estimated at over 10.5 million people. The Member … Wikipedia
United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany — German Vereinigte Evangelisch Lutherische Kirche Deutschlands (VELKD) union of 10 Lutheran territorial churches in Germany, organized in 1948 at Eisenach, E.Ger. The territorial churches were those of Bavaria, Brunswick, Hamburg, Hanover … Universalium
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America — ▪ church, United States the largest Lutheran church in North America. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America was formed in 1988 by the merger of two major Lutheran denominations, the American Lutheran Church and the Lutheran Church in… … Universalium
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America — Infobox Christian denomination name = Evangelical Lutheran Church in America imagewidth = 200 caption = main classification = Protestant orientation = Mainline Lutheran polity = Interdependent local, regional, and national expressions… … Wikipedia
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria — The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria is a Protestant church in the German state of Bavaria. The seat of the church is in Munich.It is a full member of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), and is a Lutheran Church. The state bishop… … Wikipedia
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia — The Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia is a member church of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD). The seat of the church is in Eisenach. The church covers those parts of the state of Thuringia that were not part of the former Province… … Wikipedia
Evangelical Lutheran Church — can refer to many different Lutheran churches in the world. Among them are the following: *Evangelical Lutheran Church in America *Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada *Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chile *Church of Denmark (Evangelical… … Wikipedia
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Oldenburg — Evangelical Lutheran Church of Oldenburg is a Protestant church in the German state of Lower Saxony. The seat of the bishop is in Oldenburg.It is a full member of the Evangelical Church in Germany EKD, and is a Lutheran Church. The leading bishop … Wikipedia