- Mecklenburg-Strelitz (district)
Mecklenburg-Strelitz — District — Country Germany State Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania Disbanded 2011 Capital Neustrelitz Area - Total 2,089 km2 (806.6 sq mi) Population (2010) - Total 77,509 - Density 37.1/km2 (96.1/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Vehicle registration MST Website mecklenburg-strelitz.de
Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. The district was created by merging the three previous districts Neubrandenburg, Neustrelitz and Strasburg in 1994. On 4 September 2011, it was merged into Mecklenburgische Seenplatte. Neighboring districts were (from the north clockwise) Demmin, Ostvorpommern Uecker-Randow, the districts Uckermark, Oberhavel and Ostprignitz-Ruppin in Brandenburg, and the district Müritz. The district-free city Neubrandenburg was nearly completely surrounded by the district.
The name of this district traces back to the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. This duchy was established in 1701 after the former duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow ceased to exist. The area of the district is roughly identical with the old duchy's main territory, the Stargarder Land. The old duchy included an exclave around Ratzeburg, which is today situated in Schleswig-Holstein. Southern parts of the older Mecklenburg-Strelitz, including the town of Fürstenberg, today belong to Brandenburg's Oberhavel district. The capital of the duchy was the town of Strelitz, which was completely destroyed in a fire in 1712. After this disaster the duke ordered to build a new town at the shore of a small lake called the Zierker See. This town became Neustrelitz (= "New Strelitz").
Coat of arms
The bull head on a yellow field is the coat of arms of the dukes of Mecklenburg. The tower stands for the castle of Stargard, the longtime seat of the dukes of Mecklenburg since its construction in the 13th century; it remains the northernmost mountain-top castle in present-day Germany. The Maltese cross alludes to the possessions of the Order of St. John of Malta in the territory before 1648.
Towns and municipalities
The subdivisions of the district were (situation August 2011):
Amt-free towns Amt-free municipalities Ämter
- 1. Friedland
- 3. Neustrelitz-Land
- Klein Vielen
- 4. Neverin
- 6. Woldegk
1seat of the Amt; 2town
- Official website (German)
Urban districts Rural districts
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Look at other dictionaries:
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