Woldegk


Woldegk

Infobox Ort in Deutschland
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Woldegk-Wappen.pnglat_deg = 53 |lat_min = 27 |lat_sec = 34
lon_deg = 13 |lon_min = 34 |lon_sec = 58
Lageplan = Woldegk in MST.pngBundesland = Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Landkreis = Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Amt = Woldegk
Höhe = 110
Fläche = 103.70
Einwohner = 4061
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 17348
Vorwahl = 03963, 03964, 039859
Kfz = MST
Gemeindeschlüssel = 13 0 55 078
Straße = Karl-Liebknecht-Platz 1
Website = [http://www.woldegk.de/ www.woldegk.de]
Bürgermeister = Ernst-Jürgen Lode

Woldegk is a municipality in the district Mecklenburg-Strelitz, in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. It is situated 24 km southeast of Neubrandenburg. Woldegk is 38.00 km ² in area and has 3,326 inhabitants (1998).

After first being settled as an adjunct of Brandenburg in 1236, Woldegk was brought into Mecklenburg by the marriage of Beatrix of Brandenburg with Heinrich of Mecklenburg in 1292, and developed into a fortified, walled town with ramparts and moats by the mid-1400s. Between 1492 and 1635, at least four windmills were constructed and put into use milling grain produced in the surrounding agricultural area.

The village was damaged by fire several times, and was completely destroyed in 1647 in the Thirty Years War, after which only 14 inhabitants survived. In the 1700s, the village was rebuilt and as many as seven Dutch style windmills were in operation by 1745. The town remained economically backward until the late 1800s, when construction of the Friedrich Willhelm Railway in 1893 fostered industrial development, including a sugar beet plant, a steam plow factory, and two brickyards. Municipal services also were developed, including a gas plant and a water tower and distribution system. During this period, many substantial commercial and buildings as well as a distinctive Rathaus (city hall) were constructed and gave Woldegk a more cosmopolitan flavor, although it remained essentially a rural village.

In World War II, at least 70% of Woldegk was destroyed by Allied bombing. At war's end, in 1945, the interior of the stone edifice of St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church was gutted by fire when a phosphorus bomb dropped through the roof, killing a number of refugees from the surrounding area who had taken shelter there. After the war, reconstruction took place in the German Democratic Republic. Following reunification of Germany, the region surrounding Woldegk has declined economically, and remains one of the poorest sections of the country.

In the late 1900s, some of the distinctive historic windmills of Woldegk were rebuilt and refurbished, one as a museum, and a mill pond also has been rebuilt. Tourist literature and the town's motto promote Woldegk as the "City of Windmills" (Stadt der Windmühlen). Efforts to restore the church (the stone foundation of which dates to the earliest years in Woldegk in 1236-1250), are still underway.

External links

* [http://www.woldegk.de/ Woldegk Official Website]
* [http://www.dorfkirchen-in-not.de/ Village Church Restoration and History]


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