Schwerin


Schwerin
Schwerin
Schweriner Schloss (parliament of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Schweriner Schloss (parliament of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)
Coat of arms of Schwerin
Schwerin is located in Germany
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Schwerin
Coordinates 53°38′0″N 11°25′0″E / 53.633333°N 11.416667°E / 53.633333; 11.416667Coordinates: 53°38′0″N 11°25′0″E / 53.633333°N 11.416667°E / 53.633333; 11.416667
Administration
Country Germany
State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 18 boroughs
Lord Mayor Angelika Gramkow (Die Linke)
Basic statistics
Area 130.46 km2 (50.37 sq mi)
Elevation 38 m  (125 ft)
Population 95,220 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 730 /km2 (1,890 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SN
Postal codes 19053, 19055, 19057, 19059, 19061, 19063
Area code 0385
Website schwerin.de
County of Schwerin
Grafschaft Schwerin
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Saxony
1161–1358
Capital Schwerin
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Established 1161
 - Partitioned to Schwerin
    and Sch-Wittenburg
 
1279
 - Partitioned to create
    Sch-Boizenburg
 
1323
 - Inherited Tecklenburg 1328
 - Sch-Schwerin comital line
    extinct
 
1344
 - Sch-W'burg-B'burg extinct 1349 1358
 - Comital line extinct; sold
    to Mecklenburg-Schwerin
 
1358
Bishopric of Schwerin
Bistum Schwerin
State of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Saxony
1165–1648
Capital Schwerin
Government Theocracy
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Established 1062
 - Gained territory 1165
 - Secularised to M-Schwerin 1648

Schwerin (German pronunciation: [ʃveˈʁiːn]) is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population, as of end of 2009, was 95,041.

Contents

History

Schwerin is surrounded by many picturesque lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km². In the midst of these lakes there was once an Obotrite settlement (dated back to the 11th century). The area was called Zuarin, and the name Schwerin is derived from that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites and captured Schwerin. The town was subsequently expanded into a powerful regional centre. A castle was built, and expanded upon over the centuries, on this site. It is supposedly haunted by the small, impious ghost, called Petermännchen.

In 1358, Schwerin became a part of the Duchy of Mecklenburg, making it the seat of the dukedom from then on. About 1500, the construction of the Schwerin castle began; it was here that the dukes resided. After the division of Mecklenburg (1621), Schwerin became the capital of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1765 and 1837, the town of Ludwigslust served as the capital, until Schwerin was reinstated.

In the mid-1800s, many residents from Schwerin moved to the United States, many to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Today Milwaukee and Schwerin are sister cities.

After 1918, and during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicated. Schwerin became capital of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern thereafter.

At the end of World War II, on 2 May 1945, Schwerin was taken by U.S. troops. It was turned over to the British on 1 June 1945, and one month later, on 1 July 1945, it was handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones. Schwerin was then in the Russian Occupation Zone which was to become the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Initially, it was the capital of the State of Mecklenburg which at that time included the western part of Pomerania (Vorpommern). After the states were dissolved in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin served as the capital of the Schwerin district (Bezirk Schwerin).

After reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was recreated as one of the Bundesländer. Rostock was a serious contender for state capital but the decision went in favour of Schwerin.

Transport

City buses and trams are run by NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin).[2]

Schwerin Hauptbahnhof (central station) is connected by rail to Berlin, Hamburg and Rostock.

Main sights

  • The landmark of the city is the Schwerin Castle, located on an island in the lake of the same name (Schweriner See). It was, for centuries, the residence of the Dukes of Mecklenburg and today is the seat of the Landtag (state parliament).
  • Schwerin Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic style.
  • The Alter Garten (Old Garden) square, surrounded by buildings such as the 18th-century Altes Palais (Old Palace), the neoclassical Staatliches Museum Schwerin (State Art Museum), built in 1877–1882, and the Staatstheater (City Theater), erected in 1886.
  • The town hall (18th century)
  • Schelfkirche (Saint Nicolai, originally built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 after destruction by a storm)
  • Television mast Schwerin-Zippendorf
Panoramic view of the historic inner city.

Museums

  • The Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen (State Art Museum) houses a remarkable collection of Dutch paintings from 16th centuries Dutch painter schools German art from medieval and renaissance masters up to the present day. There are also an exquisite collection of Greek vases, the world-wide important collection of Paintings of Jean-Baptiste Oudry, a remarkable collection of sculptures of Houdon, German 18th-century court paintings, and works by such modern artists as Max Liebermann, Franz Stuck, Marcel Duchamp etc. The Graphic cabinet houses rich collections of Dutch and German drawings and prints (Jan van Goyen, Dürer, Cranach, Rembrandt, Merian etc.) and the world-wide best collection of coloured graphics from the time of the GDR.
  • The Technische Museum (Technical Museum), housed in the former Marstall (Royal Stables).

Crime Rate

According to the official 2007 Crime Report for Germany, Schwerin is the only German city with a crime rate over 17,000 total offenses committed per 100,000 inhabitants;[3] thus being 1st in the list of Germany's most dangerous cities. The larger cities, such as Berlin, Frankfurt am Main, or Bremen, all have crime rates ranging from 14,000 to 16,000 total offenses committed per 100,000 people. However, Schwerin is the only city where riding a bus (or tram) without a ticket and social security fraud is counted towards the crime rate, significantly boostering the numbers. [4]

Gallery

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schwerin — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Schwerin — Schwerin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schwerin [1] — Schwerin, 1) war bis zum Westfälischen Frieden ein Theil des Großherzogthums Mecklenburg Schwerin; in alten Zeiten Bisthum, mit eigenthümlicher Verfassung; 89 QM., 26,000 Ew.; Hauptort: Bützow; die Geschichte s.u. Mecklenburg; 2) Herzogthum S.,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [2] — Schwerin, 1) Hauptstadt des Großherzogtums Mecklenburg S., im Kreis Mecklenburg oder Herzogtum S., das die größere Westhälfte des Landes umfaßt, in schöner Gegend zwischen der Westseite des Schweriner Sees und andern kleinern Seen, 38,4 m ü. M.,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [3] — Schwerin, eins der ältesten Geschlechter Pommerns, das, auch nach Mecklenburg, der Mark, Polen, Schweden und Kurland verbreitet, im 17. Jahrh. bis zu 24 Linien zählte. Der noch gegenwärtig blühende gräfliche Zweig zerfällt in die Äste Walsleben… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [2] — Schwerin, ein der Evangelischen Confession folgendes altes pommersches Adelsgeschlecht, welches aus dem Hause der Edeln von Hagen im Braunschweigischen u. Lüneburgischen stammt u. ehemals ausgedehnte Besitzungen in dem Fürstenthum Lüneburg,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [1] — Schwerin, ein zum Großherzogtum Mecklenburg S. gehöriges Fürstentum, war ehemals Bistum, von Heinrich dem Löwen 1167 an Stelle des aufgehobenen Bistums Mecklenburg gegründet und dem Erzbistum Bremen unterstellt. Sein Sprengel umfaßte das Land… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [2] — Schwerīn, altes pommersches Adelsgeschlecht. – Kurt Christoph, Graf von S., preuß. Feldmarschall, geb. 26. Okt. 1684 zu Löwitz bei Anklam, erst in holländ., dann in mecklenb., seit 1720 in preuß. Diensten, 1739 General der Infanterie, 1740… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Schwerin — Schwerin, die Hauptstadt des Großherzogthums Mecklenburg S. mit 13,500 Ew., schön gelegen, theils auf einer Insel im Schweriner See, theils an demselben; besteht aus der Alt und Neustadt oder Schelfe. Die merkwürdigsten Gebäude sind: das… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Schwerin [1] — Schwerin, Haupt und Residenzstadt des Großherzogthums Mecklenburg S., liegt am S.ersee, hat einen schönen Dom, Residenzschloß auf einer Insel, 19900 E., Gymnasium, Schullehrerseminar, einige Fabriken. – S. an der Warthe, preuß. posen sche Stadt,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Schwerin [2] — Schwerin, altes pommer sches Adelsgeschlecht, in vielen Zweigen weit verbreitet. Der berühmteste S. ist Curt Christoph, Graf von, geb. 1684 zu Wuseken in Schwedisch Pommern, diente zu erst Holland, dann Mecklenburg, trat, als seine Heimath preuß …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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