St Mary Aldermanbury


St Mary Aldermanbury

Coordinates: 51°30′59.34″N 0°5′35.06″W / 51.5164833°N 0.0930722°W / 51.5164833; -0.0930722

Former site of church in the City of London

St Mary Aldermanbury church in the City of London, is first mentioned in 1181[1] but was destroyed by the Great fire of London in 1666. Rebuilt in Portland stone by Sir Christopher Wren,[2] it was again gutted by the Blitz in 1940, leaving only the walls. In 1966 these stones were transported to Fulton, Missouri, by the residents of that town, and rebuilt in the grounds of Westminster College, Missouri as a memorial to Sir Winston Churchill.([3]) Churchill had made his Sinews of Peace, "Iron Curtain" speech in the Westminster College Gymnasium in 1946.

The footprint of the church remains in the City, planted with bushes and trees; to this footprint has been added a memorial plaque placed by Westminster College. The gardens also house a monument to Henry Condell and John Heminges, key figures in the production of the First Folio of Shakespeare's plays and co-partners with him in the Globe Theatre. Condell and Heminges lived in the St Mary Aldermanbury parish and were buried in its churchyard. This monument is topped with a bust of Shakespeare. The remains of the church were designated a Grade II listed building on 5 June 1972.[4] The monuments are separately listed.[5]

In the 1830s, the notable missionary William Jowett was a lecturer at the church.[6]

Notable burials in the church included the notorious "hanging judge" Judge Jeffreys [7] and the Puritan author and minister James Janeway and his father, William. Of the interment of Judge Jefferies, Leigh Hunt wrote:

Jeffreys was taken on the twelfth of September, 1688. He was first interred privately in the Tower; but three years afterwards, when his memory was something blown over, his friends obtained permission, by a warrant of the queen's[8] dated September 1692, to take his remains under their own care, and he was accordingly reinterred in a vault under the communion table of St. Mary, Aldermanbury, 2nd Nov. 1694. In 1810, during certain repairs, the coffin was uncovered for a time, and the public had a sight of the box containing the mortal remains of the feared and hated magistrate.[9]


Footnotes

  1. ^ "The Churches of the City of London" Reynolds, H: London, Bodley Head, 1922
  2. ^ "The City of London Churches" Betjeman, J Andover, Pikin, 1967 ISBN 0-85372-112-2
  3. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  4. ^ Details from listed building database () . Images of England. English Heritage. accessed 24 January 2009
  5. ^ Details from listed building database (199272) . Images of England. English Heritage. accessed 24 January 2009
  6. ^ Goodwin, G., revised by H. C. G. Matthew, 'Jowett, William (1787–1855), missionary', in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)
  7. ^ Burial site of Judge Jeffries http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=10309048
  8. ^ Mary II, daughter of the deposed James II. She ruled jointly with her husband William III, the former William of Orange.
  9. ^ Leigh Hunt, "Memoirs of Judge Jeffries," in London Journal, Wednesday April 9, 1834. Vol I, p. 14.

See also

  • List of Christopher Wren churches in London

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • (St.) Mary Aldermanbury —    On the west side of Aldermanbury at No. 64 (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within.    Earliest mention found in records : In Inquisition of 1181 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 68).    Forms of name : Sancte Marie de Aldermannebirij, 1231, 16 H.… …   Dictionary of London

  • Aldermanbury —    North out of Gresham Street at No.69 to 16 London Wall (P.O. Directory). In Cripplegate Ward Within.    Earliest mention found in records: In early times there was a soke of this name Aldresmanesberi, mentioned in a list of property in London… …   Dictionary of London

  • Aldermanbury Conduit —    In the middle of Aldermanbury near St. Mary Aldermanbury Church. Commenced by Sir William Eastfield, Mayor, and by a codicil to his will dated 1445 he directed that it should be completed at his expense (Ct. H.W. II. 510).    Stow tells us… …   Dictionary of London

  • (St.) Mary de Aldermygbure —    See St. Mary Aldermanbury …   Dictionary of London

  • (St.) Mary Aldermannechurche —    Mentioned in Will of Wm. de Kingeston poulterer, 1273 (Ct. H.W. I. 15), and in will of Sir John le Blund, 1312 13 (ib. 236), etc.    Qy. = Mary (St.) Aldermanbury, or Mary (St.) Aldermary(church) …   Dictionary of London

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