St Benet Paul's Wharf

St Benet Paul's Wharf

Infobox church
name = St. Benet Paul's Wharf
fullname =
color =


imagesize =
caption =
landscape = Exterior photo of St. Benet Paul's Wharf
denomination = Anglican
diocese =
parish =
division =
subdivision =
founded_date =
founder =
architect =
style =
constructed_date =
dedicated_date =
closed_date =
demolished_date =
bishop =
priest =
archdeacon =
dean =
provost =
rector =
canon =
prebendary =
curate =
chaplain =
vicar =
deacon =
abbot =
minister =
seniorpastor =
pastor =
address = City of London
country = United Kingdom
phone =
website =

The Church of St Benet Paul's Wharf is the Welsh church of the City of London. Since 1555, it has also been the church of the College of Arms, and many officers of arms are buried there. The current church was designed by Sir Christopher Wren.

History

A Church has stood on this site since the year 1111, dedicated to St Benedict. Paul's Wharf was recently excavated to reveal its Roman foundations and was close by on the riverside. A little to the west stood the watergate of Baynard's Castle, frequently mentioned in church records, and part of the sad story of both Queen Anne Boleyn and Lady Jane Grey. Both church and castle were destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666.

The present church by Sir Christopher Wren was built by his master mason Thomas Strong between 1677 and 1683. It is a particularly valuable example of Wren's work, for it is one of only four churches in the city of London that escaped damage in during World War II, and remains basically as Wren built it. It resembles a Dutch country church [ "The City of London Churches" Betjeman,J Andover, Pikin, 1967 ISBN 0853721122] and it is built of red and blue bricks with carved stone garlands over the windows. It also has a hipped roof on the north side. The Tower, built on the site of the original, contains the base of the old Tower to a height above ground of some twelve feet, but encased by new brick and stone [Cobb,G The Old Churches of London: London, Batsford,1942] . It is surmounted by a dome and cupola, topped by a ball and weathervane, and rises to a height of 115 feet to produce an elegant and attractive edifice.

The interior of the church is practically square ["London:the City Churches" Pevsner,N/Bradley,S : New Haven, Yale, 1998 ISBN 0300096550] , and it still retains its galleries. The Reredos, the Altar, the pulpit by Grinling Gibbons, originally marked on its panels with the Royal Cypher and "Donum" (given) "1683", the Altar rails, the attractive marble font and its carved wood cover, are all part of the original furniture of the church. The magnificent carved door case is unique with the Stuart coat of arms given by Charles II above it. The set of sanctuary chairs was given by Sir Leoline Jenkins, Judge of the High Court of Admiralty, later Secretary of State to Charles II.

St Benet has been the Church of the College of Arms since 1555, when Phillip and Mary gave Derby House, standing at the northeast corner of the churchyard, to the officers of arms. Since that time they have had their own seats in the church. The burial of at least twenty five officers of arms, starting with Sir Gilbert Dethick in 1584, is recorded in the Registers, together with a large number of Domestic Staff. There are several Memorials in the church, including one to the memory of John Charles Brooke, Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary. It was to this church on 2 March 1984 that the kings, heralds and pursuivants of Her Majesty's College of Arms, together with the Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal of England, the Earl of Arundel, and the heralds extraordinary, processed from the College of Arms to give thanks on the occasion of the Quincentenary of their incorporation as a College in 1484.

In 1652 Inigo Jones "the king's architect" was buried in St Benet, with his father and mother. A copy of the inscription on the original memorial, which perished in the Great Fire, has been placed above the site of the original vault.

Vandals set fire to the interior of the church in 1971 but damage was confined to the north-east corner ["The Visitors Guide to the City of London Churches" Tucker,T: London, Friends of the City Churches, 2006 ISBN 0955394503] . The whole of the interior was however affected by the intense heat. During the ensuing restoration the organ built by JC Bishop in 1833 was rebuilt in its original position in the west gallery, and it is a fine example of a small organ of the period. The church was reopened in May 1973.

The church was narrowly saved from destruction in the late 19th century, when its parish was merged with that of St Nicholas Cole Abbey. After an energetic campaign by its supporters, it was preserved and reconsecrated as the London Church of the Welsh Episcopalians. It is now the City's Welsh church, with services conducted in the language of the principality.

Heraldry

The flags hanging in the church bear the personal arms of the thirteen members of the College of Arms with the Duke of Norfolk's Banner completing the set. On the east wall there is a seventeenth century carved and painted Coat of Arms of the College, while on the north wall can be seen the Garter Board, which bears the personal arms, of each Garter Principal King of Arms since the inception of the office in 1398. In addition to this, many officers of arms are buried in the church, and services are still held here by the officers of arms.

Officers of arms buried in the church

*Hon. Sir George Rothe Bellew, Garter
*Sir Ralph Bigland, Garter
*Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, Garter
*Sir Gilbert Dethick, Garter
*Sir Henry St George, Garter
*John Riddell Bromhead Walker, Clarenceux
*George Drewry Squibb, Norfolk
*Rodney Onslow Dennys, Somerset
*Major Francis Jones, Wales
*John Philipot, Somerset
*John Charles Brooke, Somerset

Notes

*The College of Arms
*List of churches and cathedrals of London
*King of Arms
*Herald
*Pursuivant

External links

Church in Wales


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • (St.) Benet Paul's Wharf —    On the north side of Upper Thames Street at 225 and 226 and west of Bennet s Hill (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward.    Earliest mention found in records : Sancti Benedicti super Tamisiam, 1111 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 67).    Other names …   Dictionary of London

  • (St.) Benet Paul's Wharf, Street —    See Bennet s Hill …   Dictionary of London

  • (St.) Benet Paul's Wharf Churchyard —    On the north side of the church (O. and M. 1677, and Horwood, 1799) …   Dictionary of London

  • St Peter, Paul's Wharf — Infobox church name = St Peter, Paul s Wharf fullname = color = imagesize = caption = Current photo of site landscape = denomination = diocese = parish = Roman Catholic, Anglican division = subdivision = founded date = 10th century founder =… …   Wikipedia

  • (St.) Peter Paul's Wharf —    On the north side of Thames Street and east side of St. Peter s Hill. In Queenhithe Ward. The parish extends into Castle Baynard Ward. Site shown in O. and M. 1677.    First mention found in records: St. Peter the Little, c. 1170 (H. MSS. Com …   Dictionary of London

  • Benet — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda No confundir con Bennett, Bennet o Benett Benet o Benét puede hacer referencia a: Personas Brenda Benet (1945–1982), actriz estadounidense. Christie Benet (1879–1951), político estadounidense Eric Benét (1966 ),… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Benet — Not to be confused with Bennet or Bennett Benet or Benét refers to:Persons*Brenda Benet (1945 ndash;1982), American actress *Christie Benet (1879 ndash;1951), American politician from South Carolina *Eric Benét (1966 mdash;), American R B and… …   Wikipedia

  • (St.) Benet at, or del Wodewharf —    See Benet Paul s Wharf …   Dictionary of London

  • Old St Paul's Cathedral — Old St Paul s redirects here. For other uses, see Old St. Paul s. Old St Paul s Cathedral Digital reconstruction giving an impression of Old St Paul s during the Middle Ages. The image is based on a model of the Cathedral in the Museum of London …   Wikipedia

  • St. Benet Pauls Wharf — Die Kirche St. Benet Pauls Wharf ist die Walisische Kirche der City of London. Seit 1555 ist sie die Kirche des College of Arms und viele Herolde sind dort begraben. St Benet Pauls Wharf, London, von der Spitze der St Paul’s Cathedral aufgenommen …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»