- Newark (UK Parliament constituency)
Newark County constituency for the House of Commons
Boundary of Newark in Nottinghamshire.
Location of Nottinghamshire within England.
County Nottinghamshire Electorate 72,407 (December 2010) Major settlements Newark-on-Trent and Southwell Current constituency Created 1885 Member of Parliament Patrick Mercer (Conservative) Number of members One 16731885– Number of members Two Type of constituency Borough constituency Overlaps European Parliament constituency East Midlands
Newark is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Since 1885, it has elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
A parliamentary borough of the same name existed from 1673 to 1885, when it was replaced by a county division of the same name.
The constituency covers large parts of the Newark and Sherwood district in the east of Nottinghamshire, including the towns of Newark-on-Trent and Southwell, and the villages of Collingham and Sutton-on-Trent. It also covers the south-east of the Bassetlaw district, including Retford and Markham Moor.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Nottinghamshire, the Boundary Commission for England have modified the existing Newark constituency to be fought at the 2010 general election. The Newark constituency will lose the town of Retford to the Bassetlaw constituency (although it will still cover a smaller part of the Bassetlaw district), but will gain the area around Bingham from the Rushcliffe constituency.
The electoral wards used in the formation of this modified seat are:
- From the district of Bassetlaw - East Markham, Rampton, and Tuxford and Trent
- From the district of Newark and Sherwood - Balderton North, Balderton West, Beacon, Bridge, Castle, Caunton, Collingham and Meering, Devon, Farndon, Lowdham, Magnus, Muskham, Southwell East, Southwell North, Southwell West, Sutton-on-Trent, Trent and Winthorpe
- From the borough of Rushcliffe - Bingham East, Bingham West, Cranmer, Oak and Thoroton.
Newark was the last borough seat to be created in the Unreformed House of Commons in 1673, prior to the Reform Act 1832. It returned two representatives to Parliament from 1673 until 1885. The future Prime Minister, William Ewart Gladstone, began his political career as Member of Parliament for Newark from 1832 to 1845, later moving to other constituencies.
More recently, the Labour Party held Newark from 1950 until 1979, when it was taken by the Conservatives' Richard Alexander. Alexander lost his seat during Labour's landslide victory at the 1997 general election. The victorious Labour candidate, Fiona Jones, was convicted of electoral fraud and expelled from the House of Commons in 1999 over misrepresented election expenses. The conviction was later overturned upon appeal, and she returned to Parliament. However, Jones lost her seat at the 2001 general election to Patrick Mercer of the Conservatives, who has held it since.
For the first time ever on Wednesday 28th March 2010, three of the four candidates came together in a live radio debate broadcast to the Newark Constituency. Local community radio station 102.6fm Boundary Sound organised the event, which was held at the Everyday Champions Church and saw over 150 local residents attend. Topics covered where Newark's Accident and Emergency facility, Crime, local sports facilities and local education. To listen to the debate and hear the opinions of those present click here. The live two hour broadcast followed the same format as the TV leaders debates, with questions on local and national topics submitted by local residents.
Members of Parliament
MPs before 1885
Election Member Party Member Party 1673 Henry Savile Sir Paul Neile 1677 Sir Richard Rothwell Feb 1679 Robert Leke Sir Robert Markham Aug 1679 Sir Richard Rothwell 1685 Henry Savile Philip Darcy 1689 Lord Savile Nicholas Saunderson 1693 Sir Francis Molyneux, 4th Baronet 1695 Sir George Markham, 3rd Baronet 1698 James Saunderson 1700 John Rayner Jan 1701 Sir George Markham, 3rd Baronet Nov 1701 Sir Matthew Jenison James Saunderson 1705 John Digby 1708 Richard Sutton 1710 Sir Thomas Willoughby, 2nd Baronet Richard Newdigate 1712 Richard Sutton 1715 Conyers Darcy 1722 James Pelham 1738 by-election Lord William Manners 1741 Job Staunton Charlton 1754 John Manners 1761 Thomas Thoroton 1768 John Shelley 1774 George Manners-Sutton Henry Clinton 1780 Lord George Manners-Sutton 1783 by-election John Manners-Sutton 1784 Constantine John Phipps 1790 William Crosbie Tory 1796 Thomas Manners-Sutton Tory Mark Wood Tory 1802 Sir Charles Morice Pole 1805 by-election Henry Willoughby Tory 1806 Sir Stapleton Cotton, Bt 1814 by-election George Hay Dawkins-Pennant 1818 Sir William Henry Clinton Tory 1829 by-election Michael Thomas Sadler Tory Feb 1831 by-election William Farnworth Handley Tory May 1831 Thomas Wilde Whig 1832 William Ewart Gladstone Tory 1835 Thomas Wilde Whig 1841 Lord John Manners Conservative 1846 by-election John Stuart Conservative 1847 John Manners-Sutton Conservative 1852 Granville Harcourt-Vernon Conservative 1857 Earl of Lincoln Liberal John Handley Liberal 1859 Grosvenor Hodgkinson Liberal 1865 Lord Arthur Pelham-Clinton Liberal 1868 Edward Denison Liberal 1870 by-election Samuel Boteler Bristowe Liberal 1874 Thomas Earp Liberal 1880 William Newzam Nicholson Conservative 1885 Representation reduced to one member
MPs since 1885
Election Member Party 1885 Viscount Newark Conservative 1895 Harold Heneage Finch-Hatton Conservative 1898 by-election Viscount Newark Conservative 1900 by-election Sir Charles Glynne Earle Welby, Bt Conservative 1906 John Ralph Starkey Conservative 1922 Marquess of Titchfield Conservative 1943 by-election Sidney Shephard Conservative 1950 George Deer Labour 1964 Edward Stanley Bishop Labour 1979 Richard Alexander Conservative 1997 Fiona Jones Labour 2001 Patrick Mercer Conservative
Elections in the 2010s
General Election 2010: Newark Party Candidate Votes % ±% Conservative Patrick Mercer 27,590 53.9 +3.4 Labour Ian Campbell 11,438 22.3 -6.0 Liberal Democrat Pauline Jenkins 10,246 20.0 +1.6 UKIP Rev Major Tom Irvine 1,954 3.8 +1.0 Majority 16,152 31.5 Turnout 51,228 71.4 +8.0 Conservative hold Swing +4.7
Elections in the 2000s
General Election 2005: Newark Party Candidate Votes % ±% Conservative Patrick Mercer 21,946 48.0 +1.5 Labour Jason Reece 15,482 33.9 −3.6 Liberal Democrat Stuart Thompstone 7,276 15.9 +2.7 UKIP Charlotte Creasy 992 2.2 N/A Majority 6,464 14.1 Turnout 45,696 63.2 −0.3 Conservative hold Swing +2.6 General Election 2001: Newark Party Candidate Votes % ±% Conservative Patrick Mercer 20,983 46.5 +7.1 Labour Fiona Jones 16,910 37.5 -7.8 Liberal Democrat David Harding-Price 5,970 13.2 +1.8 Independent Donald Haxby 822 1.8 N/A Socialist Alliance Ian Thomson 462 1.0 N/A Majority 4,073 9.0 Turnout 45,147 63.5 -10.8 Conservative gain from Labour Swing
Elections in the 1990s
General Election 1997: Newark Party Candidate Votes % ±% Labour Fiona Jones 23,496 45.2 Conservative Richard Alexander 20,480 39.4 Liberal Democrat Peter Harris 5,960 11.5 Referendum Party G. Creedy 2,035 3.9 N/A Majority 3,016 Turnout 74.5 Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Newark Party Candidate Votes % ±% Conservative Richard Alexander 28,494 50.4 −3.1 Labour DH Barton 20,265 35.8 +8.1 Liberal Democrat PRB Harris 7,342 13.0 −5.8 Green Ms. PA Wood 435 0.8 N/A Majority 8,229 14.6 −11.3 Turnout 56,536 82.2 +4.2 Conservative hold Swing −5.6
Notes and references
- ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- ^ Byers, David (8 March 2007). "Exclusive Tory frontbencher sparks race row with black bastards gibe". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article1484909.ece.
- ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)
- ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 215–6. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S.. ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- ^ "Newark". YourNextMP. http://www.yournextmp.com/seats/newark. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/ge92index.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
Constituencies in the East Midlands (46) Conservative (31)
Amber Valley · Boston and Skegness · Bosworth · Broxtowe · Charnwood · Corby · Daventry · Derbyshire Dales · Erewash · Gainsborough · Grantham and Stamford · Harborough · High Peak · Kettering · Lincoln · Loughborough · Louth and Horncastle · Mid Derbyshire · Newark · Northampton North · Northampton South · North West Leicestershire · Rushcliffe · Rutland and Melton · Sherwood · Sleaford and North Hykeham · South Derbyshire · South Holland and The Deepings · South Leicestershire · South Northamptonshire · Wellingborough
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