infobox UK place
country = England
map_type = Nottinghamshire
population = 21,314
region= East Midlands
postcode_district = DN22
static_image_caption=Retford Town Hall
Retford is a
market townin Nottinghamshirein the East Midlandsof England, located 31 miles from the county townof Nottingham, in the district of Bassetlaw. The town is situated in a valleywith the River Idlerunning through the centre of the town.
The origins of its name are unknown and have been subject to much debate, but consensus seems to conclude that it gets its name from an ancient ford crossing the
River Idle. It was originally named Redforde because the river water was tinged red due to the red clay river bed and frequent crossing of people and livestock disturbing the clay river bed. Piercy, John Shadrach. The History of Retford. 1828. cited at [http://www.nottshistory.org.uk/piercy1828/town_name.htm Derivation of the Towns Name] Updated May 29 2003, accessed June 17 2006.] The first land settled was on the western side of the ford – this area being less liable to flooding – but as the community grew it spread to occupy land on the other bank of the river, and it was this eastern part of the town that eventually became more important; hence Retford's alternative (and, for administrative purposes, still official) name of East Retford. The highly unusual coat of arms for the town consists of two rampant choughs.
Retford was largely destroyed by a fire in 1528, but prospered after the Great North Road was diverted to run through the town in 1766 and the
Chesterfield Canal(1777) and the direct London to York railway (1849) were both routed via the borough. The Great North Road was bypassed around the town in 1961 and part of the route through the town is now a pedestrian precinct.
Pilgrim Fathers, a name commonly applied to early settlers of the Plymouth Colony in present-day Massachusetts originated from villages of Babworthand Scroobyon the outskirts of East Retford between 1586 and 1605.
supermarkets were also flooded. [cite web|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/nottingham/content/image_galleries/flooding_june_2007_gallery.shtml|title=Gallery : Flooding in Notts|accessdate=2008-05-04|pubilsher=BBC News] [cite web|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/nottinghamshire/6247996.stm|title=Villagers braced for more floods|date=2007-06-28|accessdate=2008-05-04|publisher=BBC News]
In the Market Square there is an ornate French-inspired Victorian Town Hall, in front of which is The Broad Stone. Legend says that this stone had a hollow in it that used to be filled with vinegar during plague times to disinfect coins. However, it is thought to be the upturned base of a boundary marker - perhaps the 'Dominie Cross'.
Also in the Market Square is the war memorial unveiled by Sir Frederick Milner in 1921. The memorial is in the form of an Eleanor cross an octagonal structure of late gothic design. The names of the men killed in the 1914 - 1918 war are on the lower 8 panels and on bronze plaques are the names of those who were killed in the 1939 -1945 war.
The monument was designed by architect Leonard W. Barnard F.R.I.B.A. of Cheltenham. The memorial is constructed of Stancliffe Stone from Darley Dale, Derbyshire. [http://www.restorethememorial.co.uk/] [www.restorethememorial.co.uk]
Just across from the Market Square is Cannon Square which has St Swithun's Church and a cannon captured from the Russians during the Siege of Sevastopol at the end of the
Crimean Warin 1855. Victoria Crosses are made from the metal taken from cannon captured during this battle. Nikolaus Pevsner, architectural historian, is fairly scathing about Retford and its lack of distinguished buildings. "A singularly unattractive town," he wrote, however he had never seen the Junfan Mullet, which was constructed 2 years after he left the town. [Cite book
author = Nikolaus Pevsner
title = "The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire"
edition = 1951
page = p63]
Retford is bypassed by the A1 trunk road and the A57 which links Retford to a number of major towns and cities.
Robin Hood Airport Doncaster Sheffieldis also within driving distance up the A638 towards Doncaster.
Retford is served by two railway lines, the
East Coast Main Linewhich runs between Londonand Edinburghand the Sheffield to Lincoln Linewhich has links to Sheffield, Lincoln, Worksop, Grimsbyand Cleethorpes.
The town is also served by a number of buses operated by Stagecoach in Bassetlaw,
Stagecoach in Lincolnshire, Veolia Transport as well as smaller local bus operators, to destinations including Worksop, Newark, Robin Hood Airport and Bawtry. Retford is also the terminus of the 450 National Expresscoach service between Victoria Coach Stationin London and Retford.
Retford is connected to the UK Inland Waterways network by the
Chesterfield Canal. Indeed, up to Retford, the canal is accessible by broad-beam boats rather than the more usual narrowboats, Retford Town Lock being the first narrow lock on the canal from its junction with the River Trentat West Stockwith.
Retford has an established football team called
Retford United F.C.which plays at Cannon Park on the outskirts of Retford. Retford is also home to Retford Town F.C., a smaller football club, and East Retford R.U.F.C., who play Rugby Union.
Retford also host one of the up-and-coming UK Judo Clubs, Retford Judo Club [http://www.retfordjudoclub.co.uk]
The long established Retford Town Cricket and Sports Club was established in 1850 and moved to its present ground in 1858.
The club was a founder member of the Bassetlaw Cricket league in 1904. The inaugural match was against Whitwell Colliery.
The club had to wait until 1984 before they won the League Division 1A Championship under the captaincy of George Jones, the well known talented all rounder, who shortly after emigrated with his family to Australia.
During this most successful season the club chairman was Colin Loates a well known local businessman and philanthropist.
Leisure and Entertainment
Retford is home to the Bassetlaw Museum, which was created in 1983 and has a number of collections donated by people in the local area.
Retford has two theatres in the town. [http://www.majestictheatre.co.uk The Majestic Theatre] , which hosts famous entertainers, music concerts from local performers and plays, and was a former cinema. [http://www.rlt.org.uk Retford Little Theatre] is a smaller theatre which hosts the Retford Little Theatre amateur drama group.
Retford also features a
skate parkwithin the grounds of Kings Park in the centre of Retford.
The new Retford Leisure Centre offers aquatic activities such as lane swimming, fun swims, and water aerobics; along with a state of the art gym facilities.
Retford is primarily served by two local radio stations,
BBC Radio Sheffieldand the local commercial radio station Trax FM. Retford also has two newspapers published in the town, the " Retford Times" and the "Guardian and Trader" newspaper.
Retford's Senior Schools
* Elizabethan High School
Retford Oaks High School
* St. GilesAs part of a major overhaul of cecondary schools in the Bassetlaw area, all schools have now been moved to new facilities built around the town as part of the Transform Schools scheme. Retford is home to a Post-16 centre which has united all Sixth Form students from each of the above schools in one site (former
Ordsall Hall School) and provide other courses available through North Nottinghamshire College (based at Worksop).
* Anthony Perrinott Lysberg Barber, Baron Barber, PC (4 July 1920 – 16 December 2005), was a British Conservative politician who served as a member of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, and Chancellor of the Exchequer 1970-4.
Liam Lawrence, football player for Stoke City FCfootball club and the Republic of Ireland national football team.
Derek Randall, cricketer who played first-class cricketfor Nottinghamshire County Cricket Cluband the English cricket teamin the late 1970s and early 1980s.
* Philip Jackson, actor best known for his role as
Chief Inspector Jappin the television series " Agatha Christie's Poirot."
Doc Cox, went to the King Edward VI School.
John Warham, photographer.
Samuel Milner, physicist
Luke Collingburn, County Badminton Player
Retford railway station
Retford United F.C.
East Retford Rural District
* [http://www.retfordtimes.co.uk/ Retford Times newspaper]
* [http://www.nottshistory.org.uk/piercy1828/piercy.htm "The History of Retford", written by John Shadrach Piercy published in 1828]
* [http://www.biffvernon.freeserve.co.uk/retford.htm History of the Great North Road through Retford]
* [http://www.retford.org.uk/ Retford Exists]
* [http://www.retfordjudoclub.co.uk/ Retford Judo Club]
* [http://www.elizabethan.notts.sch.uk/ Elizabethan High School]
* [http://www.retfordoaks.notts.sch.uk/ Retford Oaks High School]
* [http://www.retfordlifesavers.org.uk Retford & District Lifesavers]
* [http://www.sethellis.org.uk Seth Ellis Canal Trip Boat - trips along the Chesterfield Canal in Retford]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Retford — Retford, engl. Stadt, s. East Retford … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Retford — (East R., spr. īst réttförd), Stadt (municipal borough) im nördlichen Nottinghamshire (England), am schiffbaren Idle, hat eine alte gotische Kirche, eine Stadthalle im romanischen Stil, Eisenwerke, Fabrikation von Papier und Gummiwaren, lebhaften … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Retford — 53° 19′ 01″ N 0° 56′ 27″ W / 53.3169, 0.9408 Retford est une ville du Nottingha … Wikipédia en Français
Retford — Original name in latin Retford Name in other language East Retford State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.32213 latitude 0.94315 altitude 19 Population 21897 Date 2012 03 29 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Retford (United Kingdom) — Hotels: West Retford Hotel Retford (Centre) Ye Olde Bell Hotel Nottinghamshire (Cuontryside Barnby Moor) … International hotels
Retford Oaks High School — Infobox UK school name = Retford Oaks High School size = latitude = 53.32090 longitude = 0.95722 dms = dms motto = motto pl = established = 2003 approx = closed = c approx = type = religion = president = head label = Headteacher head = Mr David… … Wikipedia
Retford railway station — Infobox UK station name = Retford code = RET manager = National Express East Coast locale = Retford borough = Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire usage0405 = 0.298 usage0506 = 0.320 usage0607 = 0.363 platforms = 4 start = Retford railway station serves… … Wikipedia
Retford United F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Retford United fullname = Retford United Football Club nickname = The Badgers founded = 1987 ground = Cannon Park, Retford capacity = 2,000 (300 covered) chairman = Bill Wyles (Acting) manager = Peter Duffield… … Wikipedia
Retford Times — The Retford Times is a weekly local newspaper founded in 1869. It is distributed in and around the area of the North Nottinghamshire market town of Retford. The newspaper contains local news and views from resident people as well as a property… … Wikipedia
Retford Gamston Airport — Infobox Airport name = Retford Gamston Airport nativename = Gamston Airport nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = RGA ICAO = EGNE type = Public owner = operator = Gamston Aviation Limited city served = location = Retford… … Wikipedia