Earl of Albemarle


Earl of Albemarle

Earl of Albemarle is a title created several times from Norman times onwards. The word Albemarle is the Latinised form of the French county of Aumale in Normandy (Latin: Alba Marla meaning "White Marl", marl being a type of fertile soil), other forms being Aubemarle and Aumerle. It is described in the patent of nobility granted in 1697 by William III to Arnold Joost van Keppel as "a town and territory in the Dukedom of Normandy."

During the period in which England and France contended for the rule of Normandy (through the end of the Hundred Years' War), the kings of England not infrequently created peers as Counts and Dukes of Aumale. The last, to Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick(d.1439), was in 1422; Aumale, anglicized as Albemarle, was not revived in the peerage until 1660.

In that year, Charles II bestowed the title of Duke of Albemarle on General George Monck. The title became extinct in 1688, on the death of Christopher, 2nd Duke of Albemarle.

Contents

1066-1439

See Counts and Dukes of Aumale

1697 creation

Earldom of Albemarle (cr.1697)
Arms of Keppel: Gules, 3 escallops argent
Creation date 10 February 1697
Created by King William III
Peerage Peerage of England
First holder Arnold Joost van Keppel
Present holder Rufus Keppel, 10th Earl
Heir apparent Augustus Keppel, Viscount Bury
Remainder to the 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten.
Subsidiary titles Viscount Bury
Baron Ashford
George Keppel,
3rd Earl of Albermarle

In 1697 King William III created his Dutch favourite Arnold Joost van Keppel Earl of Albemarle in the Peerage of England. He was made Baron Ashford, of Ashford in the County of Kent, and Viscount Bury, in the County of Lancaster, at the same time. The motive for choosing this title was probably that, apart from its traditions, it avoided the difficulty created by the fact that the Keppels had as yet no territorial possessions in the British Islands. Lord Albemarle was succeeded by his only son, the second Earl. He was a General in the Army and also served as Governor of Virginia and as Ambassador to France. He married Lady Anne Lennox, daughter of Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond, illegitimate son of King Charles II.

His eldest son, the third Earl, was also a successful military commander, best known as the commander-in-chief of the invasion and occupation of Havana and west Cuba in 1762. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Earl. He served as Master of the Buckhounds and as Master of the Horse. His second but eldest surviving son, the fifth Earl, was also a soldier and fought at the Battle of Waterloo at an early age. He later represented Arundel in the House of Commons. He was childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the sixth Earl. He also fought at Waterloo in early life and was later promoted to General. Albemarle also sat as Member of Parliament for East Norfolk and Lymington.

His only son, the seventh Earl, was a soldier and politician. At first a Liberal, he held minor office under Lord Palmerston and Lord Russell from 1859 to 1866. In 1876 he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Ashford. He had previously joined the Conservative Party and served under Benjamin Disraeli and Lord Salisbury as Under-Secretary of State for War. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the eighth Earl. He was a Colonel in the Army and also briefly represented Birkenhead in Parliament. As of 2010 the titles are held by his great-grandson, the tenth Earl, who succeeded his grandfather in 1979. Lord Albemarle is also in remainder to the ancient barony of de Clifford as the great-great-great-great-grandson the Hon. Elizabeth Southwell, daughter of Edward Southwell, 20th Baron de Clifford and wife of the fourth Earl of Albemarle.

Several other members of the Keppel family have also gained distinction. Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, second son of the second Earl, was a prominent naval commander. The Hon. William Keppel, third son of the second Earl, was a Lieutenant-General in the Army. The Right Reverend the Hon. Frederick Keppel, fourth son of the second Earl, was Bishop of Exeter. The Hon. Sir Henry Keppel, fourth son of the fourth Earl, was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. The Hon. Sir Derek Keppel, second son of the seventh Earl, was a soldier and prominent member of the Royal household. The Hon. George Keppel, third son of the seventh Earl, was the husband of Alice Edmondstone, the most well-known of the mistresses of King Edward VII, and the father of (although his paternity has been questioned) of the writer and socialite Violet Trefusis and of Sonia, Baroness Ashcombe. The latter was the grandmother of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.

Coat of arms

The heraldic blazon for the coat of arms of the Keppel family is: Gules, three escallops argent.

Earls of Albemarle (1697)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Augustus Sergei Darius Keppel, Viscount Bury (b. 2003)

See also

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earl of Albemarle — (oder Albermarle) ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel in der Peerage of England, der heute von der englischen Familie Keppel geführt wird. Albemarle ist eine frühe Variante des französischen Aumale (lateinisch Alba Marla). Nach dem Verlust… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William de Forz, 3rd Earl of Albemarle — (d. March 26, 1242) was an English nobleman. He is described by William Stubbs as a feudal adventurer of the worst type . He was the son of William de Forz (d. 1195), and Hawisa, 2nd Countess of Albemarle, a daughter of William le Gros, 1st Earl… …   Wikipedia

  • Rufus Keppel, 10th Earl of Albemarle — Rufus Arnold Alexis Keppel, 10th Earl of Albemarle (born 16 July 1965) is an award winning product designer and the founder of the men s shirt company Albemarle of London. [http://www.albemarleoflondon.com] Early life and Education Albemarle is… …   Wikipedia

  • Arnold van Keppel, 1. Earl of Albemarle — Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1. Earl of Albemarle (* 1669 in Den Haag; † 30. Mai 1718 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Adeliger im Dienst Wilhelms von Oranien. Als dieser englischer König wurde, begleitete ihn Keppel nach England. Er stieg zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnold van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle — Arnold Joost van Keppel, 1st Earl of Albemarle KG, and lord of De Voorst in Guelders (Gelderland) (c. 1670 ndash; May 30, 1718), was the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo. De Voorst is a large country house near… …   Wikipedia

  • Arnold Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle — Arnold Allan Cecil Keppel, 8th Earl of Albemarle CB, GCVO, TD, VD, JP (1 June 1858–12 April 1942), known as Viscount Bury from 1891 to 1894, was a British soldier, courtier and Conservative politician.Albemarle was the eldest son of William… …   Wikipedia

  • William Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle — William Coutts Keppel, 7th Earl of Albemarle KCMG PC (April 15 1832 ndash; August 28 1894), was a British soldier and politician.A son to General George Thomas Keppel, 6th Earl of Albemarle and Susan Coutts Trotter, he was educated at Eton. In… …   Wikipedia

  • William Keppel, 4th Earl of Albemarle — William Charles Keppel, 4th Earl of Albemarle GCH PC (May 14 1772 ndash; October 30 1849) was the son of George Keppel, 3rd Earl of Albemarle.He married, firstly, Hon. Elizabeth Southwell, daughter of Edward Southwell, 20th Baron de Clifford, on… …   Wikipedia

  • Willem van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle — Lieutenant General Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle KG, KB, PC, ADC (5 June 1702 ndash; 22 December 1754) was a British diplomat and an American colonist.Willem was born on 5 June 1702 at Whitehall Palace, London, the son of the 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • Walter Keppel, 9th Earl of Albemarle — was son of Arnold Keppel, 8th Earl of AlbemarleHe was born in Albemarle castle in the highlands of Scotland on 28 Feb 1882.His granddaughter is Judith Keppel, the first person to win one million pounds on the UK version of Who Wants to Be a… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.