- Metropolis of Bessarabia
Metropolis of Bessarabia
Organization of the Metropolis of Bessarabia
Jurisdiction Romanian Patriarchate Diocese type Autonomous Metropolis Founded 1923 Current Bishop Petru Păduraru See Chișinău Headquarters Chișinău Territory Moldova Language Romanian Population 720,000 Website Officialwebsite
The Metropolis of Bessarabia (Romanian: Mitropolia Basarabiei) is an autonomous Eastern Orthodox Metropolitan bishopric of the Romanian Orthodox Church. The Metropolis of Bessarabia was created in 1923 and organized in 1925, when the Archbishopric of Chișinău was raised to the rank of metropolis. Inactive during the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia (1940-1941) and the Soviet rule in Moldova (1944-1991), it was re-activated on September 14, 1992, on the territory of the Republic of Moldova. In 1995, the Metropolis of Bessarabia was raised to the rank of exarchate, with jurisdiction over the Romanian Orthodox communities of the ex-Soviet bloc and the Moldovan diaspora worldwide.
The current Metropolitan of Bessarabia is Petru Păduraru. 
Metropolis of Bessarabia was founded after the annexation of Bessarabia by the Russian Empire in 1812, from the churches and monasteries of the Metropolis of Moldavia on that territory that no longer belonged to the Principality of Moldavia, by Gavril Bănulescu-Bodoni, a popular promoter of Moldavian/Romanian language and culture, who served also as its first Metropolitan. In 1918, Metropolitan Anastasius Gribanovsky was ousted after he refused to accede to the Romania's demand to secede from the Russian Orthodox Church and subordinate to the Romanian one. With the advent of Greater Romania in 1918, there were three church bodies: the autocephalous Romanian Orthodox Church (on the territory of Smaller Romania—prior to 1918—formed in 1872 from the union of the former Metropolis of Ungrovlahia and Metropolis of Moldavia), and the non-autocephalous Metropolis of Bessarabia and Metropolis of Transylvania. Therefore, in 1925, the rank of the Romanian Orthodox Church was raised to that of a Patriarchate, with the Metropolis of Bessarabia as one of its five sees. Gurie Grosu was the first Metropolitan of Bessarabia, and Efrem Enăchescu the second.
After the Soviet occupation of Bessarabia in 1940, the church, which then was a non-autonomous Metropolis, was banned, and its property has either changed uses, or was transferred to the Russian Orthodox Church, which established the Bishopric in Chişinău and Moldova. In 1980s, two more bishoprics were added, and the See raised to the status of a Metropolis. After Moldova's independence in 1991, part of the clergy followed Petru Păduraru, the Bishop of Bălţi, and re-established the Metropolis of Bessarabia. The Russian Orthodox Church refused to recognize the authority of the Bessarabian church, and two metropolia started an un-easy co-existence. During the 1990s, the one subordinated to the Russian Orthodox Church, called Moldovan Orthodox Church, gained the protection of the country's authorities and established itself as the official church, while the Orthodox Church of Bessarabia was refused registration according to the country's new law of religions.
In 2004, after years of legal hurdles and a final decision by the European Court of Human Rights, the Orthodox Church of Bessarabia received official registration, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Republic of Moldova recognizing it as "the spiritual, canonical, historical successor of the Metropolitan See of Bessarabia which functioned till 1944, including". About 20% of country's Orthodox churches were or changed to be under its jurisdictions; a strong desire to similar moves has been expressed in many other parishes. This is a major area of tension with the Moldovan Orthodox Church. The position of the Romanian Orthodox Church in the dispute with the Russian Orthodox Church over the territorial jurisdiction is, according to a press release, that the two Metropolitan Sees should "peacefully co-exist and brotherly cooperate (…) harmonising, with wisdom and realism, the territorial principle with the ethnic principle, as agreed in the pastoral service of the Orthodox in Diaspora."
The church is currently recognized only by some other Orthodox Churches, since the Patriarchate of Moscow opposes its recognition by all of them. The current metropolitan in this church is Petru Păduraru (born 24 October 1946 in Ţiganca, elected as metropolitan in 1992), and it has about 720,000 members.
- History of the Orthodox Church in Moldova
- Romanian Orthodox Church
- List of members of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church
- Moldovan Orthodox Church
- St. Teodora de la Sihla Church
- ^ http://www.lumeam.ro/nr2_2005/si_totusi_moldova.html
- ^ Pagina inexistenta | Biserica Ortodoxă Română
- ^ a b Press release: A legitimate act for defending the Romanian identity - Explanations concerning the juridical recognition of the Metropolitan See of Bessarabia and of the suffragan eparchies, Romanian Patriarchy, 21 February 2008. (English) —  (French) —  (Romanian) —  (Russian)
- ^ Lucia Turcescu, Lavinia Stan, Church–state conflict in Moldova: the Bessarabian Metropolitanate (abstract)
- ^ (Romanian) "Biserica Ortodoxă Română, atacată de bisericile 'surori'" ("The Romanian Orthodox Church, Attacked by Its 'Sister' Churches", Ziua, 31 January 2008
- Official website (Romanian)
- DECLARATION ECRITE N° 265 concernant l'arrêt de la Cour d'Appel de la République de Moldova relatif à la légitimité et à la liberté de la Métropolie de Bessarabie
- WRITTEN DECLARATION No. 265 on the decision of the Court of Appeal of the Republic of Moldova on the legitimacy and freedom of the Metropolis of Bessarabia
- Complicité de la Patriarchie de Moscou et de toute la Russie avec le régime illégale et sécessioniste installé à l'Est de la République de Moldova
- Complicity of the Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia with the illegal and secessionist regime installed in the east of the Moldovan Republic
- Statement concerning the arguments of the representatives of the Romanian Orthodox Church justifying the decision to establish dioceses of the Metropolia of Bessarabia
- Territorial Jurisdiction According to Orthodox Canon Law. The Phenomenon of Ethnophyletism in Recent Years, a paper read at the International Congress of Canon Law, 2001, (Ecumenical Patriarchate website)
- Torna a Patriarcato di Mosca (Italian)
Metropolis of Muntenia and DobrudjaBucharest* · Târgovişte · Tomis · Alexandria and Teleorman · Argeş and Muscel · Buzău · Giurgiu · Lower Danube · Slobozia and Călăraşi · Tulcea Metropolis of Moldavia and BukovinaIaşi* · Suceava and Rădăuţi · Huşi · Roman Metropolis of TransylvaniaSibiu* · Harghita and Covasna Metropolis of OlteniaCraiova* · Râmnic · Severin · Slatina Metropolis of BanatTimişoara* · Arad, Ienopole and Hălmagiu · Dacia Felix · Caransebeş · Gyula Vad, Feleac and Cluj* · Alba Iulia · Maramureş and Sătmar · Oradea · Sălaj Metropolis of BessarabiaChişinău* · Bălţi · Dubăsari and Transnistria · Southern Bessarabia Metropolis of Germany and Central EuropeGermany* · Northern Europe Metropolis of Western and Southern EuropeWestern Europe* · Italy · Spain and PortugalAustralia and New ZealandArchdioceses in bold; metropolis seats marked * Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Eastern Orthodoxy Autocephalous Churches Autonomous Churches * Autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.
** Semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church whose autonomy is not universally recognized.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Metropolis of Moldavia and Bukovina — The Metropolis of Moldavia and Bukovina, in Iaşi, Romania, is one of the main bishoprics of the Romanian Orthodox Church. Contents 1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 … Wikipedia
Romanian Orthodox Church — (Romanian Patriarchy) Coat of arms Founder (as metropolis of Romania) Nifon, Carol I (as patriarchy of Romania) Miron Cristea, Ferdinand I … Wikipedia
Moldovans — Moldoveni Total population c. 3 3.5 million Regions with significant populations Moldova 2,741,8 … Wikipedia
Moldovan Orthodox Church — 19th century Nativity Cathedral in Chişinău. Jurisdiction Moscow Patriarchate … Wikipedia
Alexandru Baltagă — (b. April 14, 1861, Lozova, Lăpuşna County, Bessarabia (when Russian Empire) d. August 7, 1941, Kazan, USSR) was a Bessarabian Romanian Orthodox priest, a founder of the Bessarabian religious press in the Romanian language, a member of Sfatul… … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Moldova — The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice; however, the 1992 Law on Religions, which codifies religious freedoms, contains restrictions that inhibit the activities of… … Wikipedia
List of members of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church — This is the list of the members of the Holy Synod of the Romanian Orthodox Church, depicting also the organization of the church. Members Romanian Patriarchy Daniel, Patriarch of All Romania, Metropolitan of Wallachia and Dobrudja, Archbishop of… … Wikipedia
Misionarul — For other uses of this and similar names, see Missionary (disambiguation). Misionarul Publisher Metropolis of Bessarabia Founded October 6, 1929 Language Romanian Ceased publication 1942 2004 … Wikipedia
Vlad Cubreacov — (b. 24 September 1965, Crihana Veche, Raionul Cahul) is a Moldovan politician. In 1989 he graduated from the journalism faculty of the State University of Moldova. He worked as a scientific consultant at the Dimitrie Cantemir Literature Museum in … Wikipedia
History of the Orthodox Church in Moldova — Contents 1 Middle ages 2 Modern times 3 19th century 4 20th century 5 See also … Wikipedia