A patriarchate is the
officeor jurisdiction of a patriarch. A patriarch, as the term is used here, is either
* one of the highest-ranking
bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, the original five of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Romeand Jerusalem, but now nine, including patriarchs of Serbia, Russia, Georgia, Bulgariaand Romania; or
* one of the specific patriarchs of the various Oriental Orthodox and Nestorian churches.
The original five patriarchs sat in Rome, Constantinople (now called
Istanbulfor secular purposes, but still called Constantinoplein this ecclesiastical context), Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. In the East-West Schismof 1054, the one Latin-speaking patriarchate (Rome) and the four Greek-speaking patriarchates split, forming the hierarchies of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches respectively. The Patriarch of Antiochmoved to Damascusin the 13th century, during the reign of the Egyptian Mamelukes, conquerors of Syria. In Damascus a Christian community had flourished since apostolic times (Acts 9). However, the patriarchate is still called the Patriarch of Antioch.
The four orthodox patriarchates of the East, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, along with their counterpart in the West, Rome, are distinguished as "senior" (Greek: πρεσβυγενή, "presbygenē"), having had one of the Apostles or Evangelists as their first bishop: Andrew, Mark, Peter, James, and Peter again, respectively.
A patriarchate has "legal personality" in some legal jurisdictions, that means it is treated as a
corporation. For example, the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem filed a lawsuit in New York, decided in 1999, against Christie's Auction House, disputing the ownership of the Archimedes Palimpsest.
The head of the
Czechoslovak Hussite Churchis also called a Patriarch.
*CathEncy|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11549a.htm|title=Patriarch and Patriarchate
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Patriarchate — Pa tri*ar chate (p[=a] tr[i^]*[aum]r k[asl]t), n. [Cf. F. patriarcat.] 1. The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a patriarch. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. The residence of an ecclesiastic patriarch. [1913 Webster] 3. (Ethnol.) A patriarchal… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
patriarchate — [pā′trē är΄kit, pā′trē r̈΄kāt΄] n. [ML(Ec) patriarchatus] 1. the position, rank, jurisdiction, territory, etc. of a patriarch 2. PATRIARCHY … English World dictionary
patriarchate — noun a) The term of office of a Christian patriarch. The patriarchate of Pope John Paul II, as Patriarch of the West was more than 25 years. b) The ecclesial jurisdiction of such a patriarch. The Patriarchate of Constantinople has primacy over… … Wiktionary
patriarchate — patriarch ► NOUN 1) the male head of a family or tribe. 2) a biblical figure regarded as a father of the human race, especially Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their forefathers, or the sons of Jacob. 3) a powerful or respected older man. 4) a… … English terms dictionary
patriarchate — noun Date: 1617 1. a. the office, jurisdiction, or time in office of a patriarch b. the residence or headquarters of a patriarch 2. patriarchy … New Collegiate Dictionary
patriarchate — /pay tree ahr kit, kayt/, n. 1. the office, dignity, jurisdiction, province, or residence of an ecclesiastical patriarch. 2. a patriarchy. [1610 20; < ML patriarchatus, equiv. to LL patriarch(a) (see PATRIARCH) + L atus ATE3] * * * … Universalium
Patriarchate — See Patriarch … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
patriarchate — paÂ·triÂ·archÂ·ate || peÉªtrÉªÉ‘rkÉªt / É‘Ëk n. jurisdiction of the patriarchy; patriarchy, social organization in which the father is the highest authority … English contemporary dictionary
patriarchate — pa·tri·arch·ate … English syllables
patriarchate — pa•tri•arch•ate [[t]ˈpeɪ triˌɑr kɪt, keɪt[/t]] n. 1) rel the office, jurisdiction, or residence of an ecclesiastical patriarch 2) ant soc patriarchy 1) … From formal English to slang