A patriarchate is the office or jurisdiction of a patriarch. A patriarch, as the term is used here, is either

* one of the highest-ranking bishops in Eastern Orthodoxy, the original five of Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Rome and Jerusalem, but now nine, including patriarchs of Serbia, Russia, Georgia, Bulgaria and Romania; or

* one of the eleven highest-ranking bishops of Catholicism: the Pope, the six "patriarchs of the east", and the bishops of Lisbon, Venice, Jerusalem, and the East Indies; or

* one of the specific patriarchs of the various Oriental Orthodox and Nestorian churches.

The original five patriarchs sat in Rome, Constantinople (now called Istanbul for secular purposes, but still called Constantinople in this ecclesiastical context), Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem. In the East-West Schism of 1054, the one Latin-speaking patriarchate (Rome) and the four Greek-speaking patriarchates split, forming the hierarchies of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches respectively. The Patriarch of Antioch moved to Damascus in the 13th century, during the reign of the Egyptian Mamelukes, conquerors of Syria. In Damascus a Christian community had flourished since apostolic times (Acts 9). However, the patriarchate is still called the Patriarch of Antioch.

The four orthodox patriarchates of the East, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, along with their counterpart in the West, Rome, are distinguished as "senior" (Greek: πρεσβυγενή, "presbygenē"), having had one of the Apostles or Evangelists as their first bishop: Andrew, Mark, Peter, James, and Peter again, respectively.

A patriarchate has "legal personality" in some legal jurisdictions, that means it is treated as a corporation. For example, the Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem filed a lawsuit in New York, decided in 1999, against Christie's Auction House, disputing the ownership of the Archimedes Palimpsest.

The head of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church is also called a Patriarch.

ee also

* Apostolic See
* Bishop
* Episcopal See
* Holy See

External links

*CathEncy|url=|title=Patriarch and Patriarchate

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patriarchate — Pa tri*ar chate (p[=a] tr[i^]*[aum]r k[asl]t), n. [Cf. F. patriarcat.] 1. The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a patriarch. Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. The residence of an ecclesiastic patriarch. [1913 Webster] 3. (Ethnol.) A patriarchal… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • patriarchate — [pā′trē är΄kit, pā′trē r̈΄kāt΄] n. [ML(Ec) patriarchatus] 1. the position, rank, jurisdiction, territory, etc. of a patriarch 2. PATRIARCHY …   English World dictionary

  • patriarchate — noun a) The term of office of a Christian patriarch. The patriarchate of Pope John Paul II, as Patriarch of the West was more than 25 years. b) The ecclesial jurisdiction of such a patriarch. The Patriarchate of Constantinople has primacy over… …   Wiktionary

  • patriarchate — patriarch ► NOUN 1) the male head of a family or tribe. 2) a biblical figure regarded as a father of the human race, especially Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and their forefathers, or the sons of Jacob. 3) a powerful or respected older man. 4) a… …   English terms dictionary

  • patriarchate — noun Date: 1617 1. a. the office, jurisdiction, or time in office of a patriarch b. the residence or headquarters of a patriarch 2. patriarchy …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • patriarchate — /pay tree ahr kit, kayt/, n. 1. the office, dignity, jurisdiction, province, or residence of an ecclesiastical patriarch. 2. a patriarchy. [1610 20; < ML patriarchatus, equiv. to LL patriarch(a) (see PATRIARCH) + L atus ATE3] * * * …   Universalium

  • Patriarchate —    See Patriarch …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • patriarchate — pa·tri·arch·ate || peɪtrɪɑrkɪt / ɑːk n. jurisdiction of the patriarchy; patriarchy, social organization in which the father is the highest authority …   English contemporary dictionary

  • patriarchate — pa·tri·arch·ate …   English syllables

  • patriarchate — pa•tri•arch•ate [[t]ˈpeɪ triˌɑr kɪt, keɪt[/t]] n. 1) rel the office, jurisdiction, or residence of an ecclesiastical patriarch 2) ant soc patriarchy 1) …   From formal English to slang

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