- Moldovan Orthodox Church
Moldovan Orthodox Church
19th century Nativity Cathedral in Chişinău.
Jurisdiction Moscow Patriarchate Diocese type Autonomous Metropolis Founded 1813 Current Bishop Metropolitan Vladimir of Chișinău and All Moldova See Chişinău Headquarters Chișinău, Moldova Territory Moldova Language Moldovan, Russian Population 1,255 parishes Website www.mitropolia.md
The Moldovan Orthodox Church (canonical name: Metropolis of Chișinău and all Moldova) is an autonomous church under the Russian Orthodox Church, whose canonic territory covers the Republic of Moldova.
Together with the Metropolis of Bessarabia (an autonomous church under the Romanian Orthodox Church), it is one of the two major churches of Moldova. At the 2005 census, 3,158,015 people or 95.5% of those declaring a religion claimed to be Eastern Orthodox. The Moldovan Orthodox Church has also strained relations with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (ROCOR), which only has a few followers in the country.
In October 1992 the Russian Orthodox Church granted autonomy to the Metropolitan Church of Chișinău and all Moldova. It holds the majority of the Eastern Orthodox population, parishes, monasteries, and churches in Moldova.
The church has four eparchies (bishoprics): Chișinău, Tiraspol and Dubăsari, Edineț and Briceni, Cahul and Comrat. Church languages are Romanian and Slavonic. Church music is Byzantine and Russian. The Moldovan Orthodox Church has 1,080 parishes, 30 monasteries, one academy and two seminaries.
The head of the Moldovan Orthodox Church is Metropolitan Vladimir, who is a permanent member of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Relation with the Metropolis of Bessarabia
In the lead up to the independence of Moldova, the Romanian society and by the Romanian Orthodox Church encouraged reunification with Romania rather than independence. The Romanian Orthodox Church revived the Metropolis of Bessarabia, granted it autonomous status and gave it authority over (part) of the Republic of Moldova and other areas. The movement was started in 1992 by the bishop of Bălți, Petru Păduraru. It was also supported by political parties supporting reunification of Moldova and Romania. It considers itself to be the heir of the Metropolis of Bessarabia which existed in 1918-1940 during the period of Greater Romania.
The Metropolis of Bessarabia had about 84 parishes in Moldova at the moment of its new recognition.
Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Eastern Orthodoxy Autocephalous Churches Autonomous Churches* Autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.
** Semi-autonomous part of the Russian Orthodox Church whose autonomy is not universally recognized.
Orthodox Christianity in Europe Sovereign
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- San Marino
- United Kingdom
- Northern Ireland
States with limited
- Northern Cyprus
- South Ossetia
and other territories
- Faroe Islands
- Jan Mayen
- Isle of Man
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Orthodox Church organization — Part of a series on Eastern Christianity … Wikipedia
Russian Orthodox Church — This article is about the Russian Orthodox Church. For the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, see Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. Russian Orthodox Church (Patriarchate of Moscow) Church of Christ the Saviour in … Wikipedia
Romanian Orthodox Church — (Romanian Patriarchy) Coat of arms Founder (as metropolis of Romania) Nifon, Carol I (as patriarchy of Romania) Miron Cristea, Ferdinand I … Wikipedia
Russian Orthodox Church — (ROC) Also known as the Moscow Patriarchate, the Russian Orthodox Church is the largest autocephalous or self governing Eastern Orthodox Church. With approximately 135 million followers, the ROC is second only to the Catholic Church in terms… … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
Eastern Orthodox Church organization — This article covers the organization of the Eastern Orthodox Churches rather than the doctrines, traditions, practices, or other aspects of Eastern Orthodoxy.Like the Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox church claims to be the One Holy,… … Wikipedia
History of the Orthodox Church in Moldova — Contents 1 Middle ages 2 Modern times 3 19th century 4 20th century 5 See also … Wikipedia
Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh — Plaque at the Cathedral of the Dormition, Ennismore Gardens, London. The Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh (Russian: Сурожская Епархия) is a diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church which has for its territory the islands of Great Bri … Wikipedia
Old Church Slavonic in Romania — Old Church Slavonic was the main language used for liturgical and administrative purposes by the Romanians until the 18th century, being still used in the Orthodox Church until mid 19th century. Characteristics The language, while based on Old… … Wikipedia
Moldovans — Moldoveni Total population c. 3 3.5 million Regions with significant populations Moldova 2,741,8 … Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in Moldova — The Constitution provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice; however, the 1992 Law on Religions, which codifies religious freedoms, contains restrictions that inhibit the activities of… … Wikipedia