Chertsey


Chertsey
For the municipality in Quebec see Chertsey, Quebec

Coordinates: 51°23′25″N 0°30′27″W / 51.3902°N 0.5074°W / 51.3902; -0.5074

Chertsey
Chertrsey Road2.jpg
Pyrcroft Road (Business District)
Chertsey is located in Surrey
Chertsey

 Chertsey shown within Surrey
Population 15,967 [1]
OS grid reference TQ039667
District Runnymede
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CHERTSEY
Postcode district KT16
Dialling code 01932
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Runnymede and Weybridge
List of places: UK • England • Surrey

Chertsey is a town in Surrey, England, on the River Thames and its tributary rivers such as the River Bourne. It can be accessed by road from junction 11 of the M25 London orbital motorway. It shares borders with Staines, Laleham, Shepperton, Addlestone, Woking, Thorpe and Egham. It lies within the Godley hundred, some 29km southwest of central London, close to the M3 and the M25.

The town is part of the London commuter belt, and is served by Chertsey railway station. It is located on the Chertsey branch of the Waterloo to Reading Line which is operated by South West Trains. The town is home to the head office of Compass Group and the UK head office of Samsung Electronics. The entrance and car parks to Thorpe Park are also in the town. Elevation is generally low at 14m in the High Street and 11m on the river Thames where the Boat House and Kingfisher restaurants are located, making this the lowest place in Chertsey. The highest point is St. Anne's Hill in the forest, which peaks at 76m, making it the second highest point in Runnymede.

Contents

History

Chertsey Bridge

Chertsey is one of the oldest towns in England. It grew around Chertsey Abbey, founded in 666 A.D by Eorcenwald, Bishop of London. In the 9th century it was sacked by the Danes and refounded from Abingdon Abbey by King Edgar of England in 964.

Chertsey appears in the Domesday Book as Certesi. It was held partly by Chertsey Abbey and partly by Richard Sturmid from the abbey. Its Domesday assets were: 5 hides, 1 mill and 1 forge at the hall, 20 ploughs, 80 hectares of meadow, woodland worth 50 hogs. It rendered £22.[2]

The Abbey grew to become one of the largest Benedictine abbeys in England, supported by large fiefs in the northwest corner of Sussex until it was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1536. The King took stone from the Abbey to construct his palace at Oatlands; the villagers also used stone for raising the streets. By the late 17th century, only some outer walls of the Abbey remained.

Today the history of the abbey is reflected in local place names and the surviving former fishponds that fill with water after heavy rain. The nearby Hardwick Court Farm, now much reduced in size and cut off from the town by the M25, retains the abbey's impressive 15th century tithe barn.

The eighteenth-century Chertsey Bridge[3] provides an important cross-river link, and Chertsey Lock is a short distance above it on the opposite side. On the south west corner of the bridge is a bronze statue of local heroine Blanche Heriot by Sheila Mitchell, F.R.B.S[4]

In the 18th century Chertsey Cricket Club was one of the strongest in the country[5] and beat the rest of England (excluding Hampshire) by more than an innings in 1778. The Duke of Dorset, (who played cricket for Chertsey), was appointed Ambassador to France in 1784. He arranged to have the Chertsey cricket team travel to France in 1789 to introduce cricket to the French nobility. However, the team, on arriving at Dover, met the Ambassador returning from France at the outset of the French Revolution and the opportunity was missed.

The level crossing at Chertsey, as the barriers rise

Chertsey Regatta has been held on the river for over 150 years.

Chertsey was the home of Charles James Fox, who had wished to be buried there but was not.

The Chertsey troop of the Berkshire Yeomanry occupied the Drill Hall on Drill Hall Road since 1977. The unit has close ties with the borough and was granted the freedom of Runnymede in 2009. The Drill Hall closed at the end of March 2010 and the troop was forced to return to Windsor, following severe cuts suffered by the Territorial Army in 2009-2010.

Museum

Chertsey has an admission-free museum on Windsor Street, which provides considerable information about the history of Chertsey. It features clocks by two local makers, James Douglass and Henry Wale Cartwright.[6] (Note however that there were three successive watchmakers called James Douglass (or Douglas) in the Douglas family, the latter based in Egham) [7] The Black Cherry Fair is an annual event which the Museum hosts. It includes live music and refreshments in the museum garden.

Hospital

St. Peter's Hospital, originally intended to serve casualties of the Second World War, formally came into being on 12 September 1939.[8] It now has 400 beds and a wide range of acute care services. Hospital Radio Wey has been broadcasting to the patients and staff of St Peter's Hospital since 1965 and now also broadcasts on the internet as RadioWey.[9]

Education

Schools in Chertsey include;

  • St Anne's Roman Catholic primary school
  • Salesian Catholic Secondary School (split site)
  • Pyrcroft Grange Primary (former split site)
  • Stepgates Community School
  • Sir William Perkins's School, independent girls' school

Salesian School

The Salesian School has been located in Chertsey since the 1920s. The school has a sixth form. The original site is in Highfield Road; it contains the former boarding school where pupils once lived during term. The newer site is located in Guildford Road. It serves around 1,200 pupils. The school successfully merged the two sites at the beginning of the year starting in September 2008; years 7 - 11 are at Guildford road and years 12 - 13 are at the former sixth-form site in Highfield Road. The school has introduced a new timetable with 5 modules a day. It is still not clear whether the school will keep the original site.[citation needed]

Religion

Chertsey has a Catholic church, a Catholic Primary, Secondary and Sixth Form school. There is also an Anglican church and a Community Church in Chertsey.

Notable residents

The Old Town Hall
  • Lord Brabazon of Tara, Britain's first licensed pilot, lived at 'Grangewood', Longcross near Chertsey in the early 1950s.
  • Mark Stephens (solicitor), Lawyer, mediator, broadcaster, educationalist and philanthropist of the visual arts lived in Chertsey from 1962-1982.
  • Justin Hawkins, former lead singer of The Darkness rock group, singer-songwriter, was born in Chertsey in 1975.
  • Musician Doug Walker and England cricketer Ashley Giles were born in Chertsey in the 1970s.
  • Keith Moon, drummer with rock band The Who, lived in the town in that decade.[10]
  • Vivian Stanshall and his wife Ki Longfellow lived on a houseboat moored on the Thames beginning in 1977
  • England and West Ham United footballer Robert Green was born in Chertsey in 1980.
  • Chesney Hawkes also lives in Chertsey with his wife and two children.
  • English glamour model Charmaine Sinclair is originally from Chertsey.
  • Vince Clarke of pop bands Yazoo, Depeche Mode and Erasure lived in Chertsey and recorded much of the Erasure material in the studio adjacent to his home.
  • Steve Rushton from pop band Son of Dork with James Bourne was born in Chertsey in 1987; he now lives in L.A and works as a singer/songwriter for Disney.

Literary connections

  • In William Shakespeare's Richard III, Act I, Scene 2, Chertsey is mentioned as the burial place of Henry VI. Lady Anne says, 'Come now towards Chertsey with your holy load'.
  • Abraham Cowley, the 17th-century poet, lived in Chertsey after his return from exile. The Abraham Cowley Mental Health Unit of St Peter's Hospital was named in his honour.
  • After his father's death, the future novelist Thomas Love Peacock and his mother lived with her father Thomas Love in Gogmoor Hall, Chertsey, for about twelve years.
  • Charles Dickens visited Chertsey to make notes for his novel Oliver Twist (1838), in which Oliver is forced by Bill Sikes to take part in the attempted burglary of a house in Chertsey.
  • Albert Smith, born in Chertsey in 1816, wrote the play Blanche Heriot, or The Chertsey Curfew (1842) and the short story "Blanche Heriot: A Legend of Old Chertsey Church" (1843).
  • John Maddison Morton was living in Chertsey when he wrote Box and Cox (1847), which The New York Times in 1891 called "the best farce of the nineteenth century".
  • The poem "Curfew Must Not Ring Tonight", written in 1867 by the American poet Rose Hartwick Thorpe, was also based on the legend of the Chertsey heroine Blanche Heriot.
  • In H.G Wells' book The War of the Worlds, Chertsey was destroyed by attacking Martian fighting-machines in the early afternoon of 8 June 1902.
  • Antony Trew, decorated naval officer and author of seventeen novels and a volume of short stories, resided in Surrey for many years and died in Chertsey in 1996.

Television and film

  • The final series of the TV series Public Eye (1965–1975) was filmed in and around Chertsey.
  • The TV series Moving Wallpaper (2008–2009) was filmed and set in Chertsey.
  • Chertsey made a fleeting appearance in the 1964 classic film First Men In The Moon with the old town hall playing the role of Dimchurch town hall.
  • Other films partly shot in or around Chertsey include The Italian Job (1969), Scream and Scream Again (1970), The Dark Knight (2008) and 13 Hrs (2010).
  • Wellers Auctioneers in Chertsey Town Centre has been featured in many daytime television programmes such as Flog It.

Chertsey Television

Chertsey Television is a channel on the YouTube platform which shares and celebrates local culture broadcasts local events that have taken place in and around Chertsey. It is also an opportunity for Chertsey to show the world what rich culture and community it have in its society. Chertsey Television mostly broadcasts Town events such as the Black Cherry Fair etc. It also gives information about local events around Chertsey.

References

  1. ^ Census data
  2. ^ Surrey Domesday Book
  3. ^ Chertsey Bridge
  4. ^ Statue of Blanche Heriot
  5. ^ History of Chertsey Cricket Club
  6. ^ Chertsey Museum
  7. ^ Douglas Family watchmakers
  8. ^ St Peter's Hospital, Chertsey
  9. ^ Radio Wey
  10. ^ Rock's Back Pages

External links


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