Woodland


Woodland

Ecologically, a woodland is an area covered in trees, differentiated from a forest. In these terms, a forest has a largely closed canopy – the branches and foliage of trees interlock overhead to provide extensive and nearly continuous shade. A woodland, on the other hand, allows sunlight to penetrate between the trees, limiting shade. Woodlands may support an understory of shrubs and herbaceous plants (often including grasses). Woodlands may form a transition to shrublands under drier conditions.

"Woodland" is used in British woodland management to mean any smaller area covered in trees, however dense. (Forest is usually used in the British Isles only for more extensive wooded areas, again however dense – and also including Royal forests, which may not be wooded at all). The term Ancient Woodland is used in British nature conservation to refer to any wooded land established for a very long period (equivalent to the American term old growth forest).

Woodlot is a closely-related American term, which refers to a stand of trees generally used for firewood. While woodlots often technically have closed canopies, they are so small that light penetration from the edge makes them ecologically closer to woodland than forest.

"See also":
* Savanna
* Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub

Woodland Ecoregions

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

* Afrotropic ecozone
** Angolan Miombo woodlands (Angola)
** Angolan Mopane woodlands (Angola, Namibia)
** Central Zambezian Miombo woodlands (Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia)
** Eastern Miombo woodlands (Mozambique, Tanzania)
** Kalahari Acacia-Baikiaea woodlands (Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe)
** Zambezian and Mopane woodlands (Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
** Zambezian Baikiaea woodlands (Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe)
* Neotropic ecozone
** Cerrado woodlands and savannas (Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)

Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

* Afrotropic ecozone
** Al Hajar Al Gharbi montane woodlands (Oman)
* Palearctic ecozone
** Gissaro-Alai open woodlands (Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan)

Montane grasslands and shrublands

* Afrotropic ecozone
** Angolan scarp savanna and woodlands (Angola)
** Drakensberg alti-montane grasslands and woodlands (Lesotho, South Africa)
** Drakensberg montane grasslands, woodlands and forests (Lesotho, South Africa, Swaziland)
** East African montane moorlands (Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda)
** Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands (Ethiopia)
* Palearctic ecozone
** Kopet Dag woodlands and forest steppe (Iran, Turkmenistan)

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub

* Australasia ecozone
** Coolgardie woodlands (Australia)
** Mount Lofty woodlands (Australia)
** Murray-Darling woodlands and mallee (Australia)
** Naracoorte woodlands (Australia)
** Southwest Australia woodlands (Australia)
* Nearctic ecozone
** California chaparral and woodlands (United States)
* Palearctic ecozone
** Canary Islands dry woodlands and forests (Spain)
** Mediterranean acacia-argania dry woodlands and succulent thickets (Morocco, Canary Islands (Spain))
** Mediterranean dry woodlands and steppe (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia)
** Mediterranean woodlands and forests (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia)
** Southeastern Iberian shrubs and woodlands (Spain)

Deserts and xeric shrublands

* Afrotropic ecozone
** East Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Sudan)
** Madagascar succulent woodlands (Madagascar)
** Somali montane xeric woodlands (Somalia)
** Southwestern Arabian montane woodlands (Saudi Arabia, Yemen)
* Palearctic ecozone
** Baluchistan xeric woodlands (Afghanistan, Pakistan)
** Central Afghan Mountains xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
** Central Asian riparian woodlands (Kazakhstan)
** North Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco Tunisia, Western Sahara)
** Paropamisus xeric woodlands (Afghanistan)
** South Saharan steppe and woodlands (Algeria, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan)
** Tibesti-Jebel Uweinat montane xeric woodlands (Chad, Egypt, Libya, Sudan)
** West Saharan montane xeric woodlands (Algeria, Mali, Mauritania, Niger)

External links

* [http://www.woodland-trust.org.uk/ The UK Woodland Trust]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Woodland — Woodland, AL U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 192 Housing Units (2000): 90 Land area (2000): 1.125486 sq. miles (2.914994 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.125486 sq. miles (2.914994 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Orte in Australien: Woodland (Western Australia) in Großbritannien: Woodland (Devon) Woodland (County Durham) Woodland (Cumbria) ein Weiler und ehemaliger Bahnhof an der Coniston Railway Woodland (Glasgow) in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Woodland — puede referirse a: Inglaterra Woodland (Cumbria) Woodland (Devon) Woodland (Durham) Woodland (Kent) Estados Unidos Woodland (Alabama) Woodland (California) Woodland Hills (Los Ángeles) Woodland (Carolina del Norte) Woodland (Georgia) Woodland… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Woodland — Wood land, a. Of or pertaining to woods or woodland; living in the forest; sylvan. [1913 Webster] She had a rustic, woodland air. Wordsworth. [1913 Webster] Like summer breeze by woodland stream. Keble. [1913 Webster] {Woodland caribou}. (Zo[ o]l …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • woodland — UK US /ˈwʊdlənd/ noun [C or U] (also woodlands [plural]) COMMERCE, ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES ► an area of land covered in trees: »Profits derived from commercial woodland are free from income and corporation tax. »woodland… …   Financial and business terms

  • Woodland, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 192 Housing Units (2000): 90 Land area (2000): 1.125486 sq. miles (2.914994 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.125486 sq. miles (2.914994 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 49151 Housing Units (2000): 17120 Land area (2000): 10.313559 sq. miles (26.711995 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.313559 sq. miles (26.711995 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland, GA — U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 432 Housing Units (2000): 201 Land area (2000): 0.788214 sq. miles (2.041464 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003519 sq. miles (0.009113 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.791733 sq. miles (2.050577 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 319 Housing Units (2000): 135 Land area (2000): 0.449455 sq. miles (1.164082 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.449455 sq. miles (1.164082 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland, ME — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maine Population (2000): 1044 Housing Units (2000): 553 Land area (2000): 1.151387 sq. miles (2.982079 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.299875 sq. miles (0.776672 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.451262 sq. miles (3.758751 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Woodland, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 495 Housing Units (2000): 184 Land area (2000): 0.797930 sq. miles (2.066628 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.797930 sq. miles (2.066628 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.