- Nonsuch Palace
Nonsuch Palace in Surrey was perhaps the grandest of Henry VIII's building projects. It was built on the site of Cuddington, near Ewell, the church and village having been destroyed and compensation paid to create a suitable site. Work started on 22 April 1538, the first day of Henry's thirtieth regnal year, and six months after the birth of his son, later Edward VI. Within two months the name 'Nonsuch' appears in the building accounts, so called because it was claimed there was no such palace elsewhere equal to its magnificence. Construction had been substantially carried out by 1541, but it would take several more years to complete. As the Royal Household took possession of vast tracts of surrounding acreage, several major roads were re-routed or by-passed to circumvent what became Nonsuch Great Park.
The palace was designed to be a celebration of the power and the grandeur of the Tudor dynasty, built to rival Francis I's Château de Chambord. Unlike most of Henry's palaces, Nonsuch was not an adaptation of an old building; he chose to build a new palace in this location because it was near to one of his main hunting grounds. The palace cost at least £24,000 (£104 million in 2009) because of its rich ornamentation and is considered a key work in the introduction of elements of Renaissance design to England.
Only about three contemporary images of the palace survive, and they do not reveal very much about either the layout or the details of the building. The site was excavated in 1959–60. The plan of the palace was quite simple with inner and outer courtyards, each with a fortified gatehouse. To the north, it was fortified in a medieval style, but the southern face had ornate Renaissance decoration, with tall octagonal towers at each end. It was within one of these towers that the premiere of Thomas Tallis' masterwork, "Spem in alium" was performed. A motet for forty voices divided into eight choirs of five it is rumoured that each choir took position in one of the eight balconies of a tower and sang the piece for the patrons below. The exterior and outer courtyard were quite plain, but the inner courtyard was decorated with breathtaking stucco panels moulded in high relief.
Following the digging of the trenches in World War II, it was reported that pieces of pottery had been discovered in the area, later found to be from the site of the palace. An outline of the site layout was also visible from the air, providing additional evidence in the search for the location of the site. The 1959 excavation of Nonsuch was a key event in the history of archaeology in the UK. It was one of the first post-medieval sites to be excavated, and attracted over 75,000 visitors during the work. This excavation led to a major set of developments in post-medieval archeology.
Through the ages
The palace was incomplete when Henry VIII died in 1547. In 1556 Queen Mary I sold it to the 19th Earl of Arundel who completed it. It returned to royal hands in the 1590s, and remained royal property until 1670, when Charles II gave it to his mistress, Barbara, Countess of Castlemaine. She had it pulled down around 1682–3 and sold off the building materials to pay gambling debts. Some elements were incorporated into other buildings; for example the wood panelling can still be seen today in the Great Hall at Loseley Park. No trace of the palace remains on its site today but some pieces are held by the British Museum. There is, however, a discernible rise of land where the old Cuddington church used to be, before it was demolished to make way for the palace. Nonsuch Palace should not be confused with Nonsuch Mansion, which is at the east of the park, nor its associated banqueting hall whose foundations are still visible to the south east of the palace site.
A depiction of Nonsuch Palace appears in series 3 episode 8 of the television series The Tudors, seen in the distance when Henry VIII rides out to show it to his mistress Catherine Howard. Earlier in the series, the plot asserts that the Palace was designed by the King when incommunicado, racked with grief over the death of Jane Seymour.
- ^ £Pound Sterling 1547 → 2009
- ^ David Gaimster. "Great sites: Nonsuch Palace". British Archeology. http://www.britarch.ac.uk/BA/ba60/feat1.shtml. Retrieved 2006-12-31. "In 1959, the year Martin Biddle first excavated Henry VIII's vanished palace of Nonsuch in Surrey, the concept of post-medieval archaeology was virtually unknown. Within a decade the subject was established with its own academic society, and post-medieval sites were being investigated and rescued in their own right. Today the subject is routinely taught at universities, and archaeologists are increasingly specialising in the period which spans the transition between medieval and industrial society."
- ^ King Henry's Lost Palace, britishlocalhistory.co.uk
- Dent, John (1970) . Quest for Nonsuch (2nd Edition ed.). Hutchinson. ISBN 0091051401.
- Biddle, Martin (2005). Nonsuch Palace: The Material Culture of a Noble Restoration Household. (1st Edition ed.). Oxbow Books. ISBN 9781900188340.
- A historical record of Nonsuch Palace
- Better version of the Hoefnagel engraving
- All three images, the last after much had been burnt down
- An account of the excavation of Nonsuch Palace
- Contemporary watercolour of the Palace
Royal palaces and residences in the United Kingdom Occupied HistoricalPalace of Beaulieu · Beaumont Palace · Brantridge Park · Bridewell Palace · Coombe Abbey · Coppins · Carlton House · Claremont · Cumberland Lodge · Doune Castle · Dunfermline Palace · Edinburgh Castle · Eltham Palace · Falkland Palace · Fort Belvedere · Hampton Court Palace · Havering Palace · Kew Palace · Kings Langley Palace · Linlithgow Palace · Marlborough House · Castle of Mey · Nonsuch Palace · Oatlands Palace · Osborne House · Palace of Placentia · Queen's House · Ribsden Holt · Richmond Palace · Royal Pavilion · Savoy Palace · Stirling Castle · Sunninghill Park · Tower of London · Palace of Westminster · Palace of Whitehall · White Lodge · Woodstock Palace
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Nonsuch Park — Map showing the location of Nonsuch Park within … Wikipedia
Nonsuch — may refer to: Nonsuch House, 1579, on London Bridge Nonsuch Palace, an English royal palace built by Henry VIII in what is now Surrey Nonsuch Park, a public park in the London Borough of Sutton, part of the larger park associated with the palace… … Wikipedia
Nonsuch (album) — Nonsuch Studio album by XTC Released 27 April 1992 … Wikipedia
Nonsuch Mansion — is a Grade II listed house located within Nonsuch Park in north Surrey, England. In medieval times it was part of the three thousand acre manor of Cuddington. The mansion was built in 1731 43 by Joseph Thompson and later bought by Samuel… … Wikipedia
Palace of Westminster — mit dem Victoria Tower (links) und dem Clock Tower (rechts) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Palace of Whitehall — Palace of Whitehall, gemalt von Hendrick Danckerts. Das Banqueting House befindet sich ganz links. Der Palace of Whitehall (deutsch Whitehall Palast) war ab 1530 die Hauptresidenz der britischen Monarchen in London. Im Jahr 1698 zerstörte… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nonsuch House — The four story Nonsuch House on London Bridge, completed in 1579, is the earliest documented prefabricated building. It was originally constructed in the Netherlands, taken apart and shipped to London in pieces in 1578, where it was… … Wikipedia
Palace of Westminster — Houses of Parliament redirects here. For other uses, see Houses of Parliament (disambiguation). Palace of Westminster The Palace of Westminster and Westminster Bridge viewed … Wikipedia
Palace of Holyroodhouse — Holyrood Palace mit Arthur s Seat im Hintergrund Holyrood Palace Der Palast Palace of Holyrood House oder Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh ist … Deutsch Wikipedia
Palace of Placentia — Zeichnung aus dem 18. Jahrhundert. Der Palace of Placentia war ein englischer Königspalast. Er wurde von Humphrey, dem Duke of Gloucester, 1428 in Greenwich (London) an der Themse gebaut. Der Palast wurde zerstört und gegen Ende des 17.… … Deutsch Wikipedia