Ewell


Ewell

infobox UK place
country= England
official_name= Ewell
map_type= Surrey
population= 39,994 (2001 Census) [ [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspublications.nsf/591f7dda55aad72a80256c670041a50d/1c602ea59c869c9180256e600054b26c/$FILE/Town%20populations.pdf Surrey County Council census data] ]
latitude= 51.3502
longitude= -0.2486
shire_district= Epsom and Ewell
shire_county= Surrey
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Epsom and Ewell
post_town= EPSOM
postcode_district= KT17, KT19
postcode_area= KT
dial_code= 020
os_grid_reference= TQ219627

Ewell is a village in the borough of Epsom and Ewell in Surrey, close to the southern boundary of Greater London. It is located 14 miles (22.5 km) south-south-west of Charing Cross and forms part of the suburbia that surrounds Greater London. Despite its growing population it is still referred to as a village by locals and largely maintains a rural character. Ewell is at the head of the Hogsmill river, a tributary of the River Thames, and the spring has likely been considered sacred dating back into pre-history.

Neighbouring towns and villages include Cheam, Chessington, Epsom, Stoneleigh and Tolworth.

History

The name "Ewell" derives from Old English "æwell", which means "river source" or spring. The old Roman road Stane Street deviates from a straight line slightly at Ewell in order to pass by the spring. Ewell is one of a number of settlements founded along the geological line between the chalk of the North Downs to the south, and the clay of the London Basin to the north. The A24 London Road runs from Merton to Ewell along the course of the Roman road, and Stane Street leaves Ewell connecting it towards Leatherhead and Dorking to the south-west. Bronze Age remains have also been found in Ewell and the Romans are likely to have encountered an existing religious site when they first arrived.

Ewell lay within the Copthorne hundred, an administrative division devised by the Saxons.

Ewell appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as "Etwelle". It was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 13½ hides; 2 mills worth 10s, 16 ploughs, 14 acres of meadow, woodland and herbage worth 111 hogs. It rendered £25; also £1 from the church in Leatherhead, which was held by Osbert de Ow and was attached to his manor. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book] ]

King Henry VIII established the 1538 Nonsuch Palace, considered one of his greatest building projects, to the north-east of the village. The estate, which remains a public park, was one of his favourite hunting grounds, although no trace of the palace remains having been destroyed during the 17th century.

Tunnels dating from the English Civil War exist underneath Ewell but are poorly documented and inaccessible to the public. One such secret passage is reported to emerge under the shop on the corner of West Street and High Street.

In the 1980s, an elderly lifelong resident of Ewell (Digance) recalled the pasture land and orchards that stretched north and west right across to Berrylands (located between Tolworth and Surbiton). This radical transformation is documented in the photography collected in the book "Archive Photos - Epsom and Ewell". [Richard Essen, "The Archive Photographs Series: Epsom and Ewell" (Stroud: The Chalford Press, 1994)] The suburban residential development now present across that area is comprised almost exclusively of 1930s/40s semi-detached houses, and the Hogsmill Open Space is the last remaining indication of Ewell's very rural pre-war history.

Today

In August 2005 the borough of Epsom and Ewell was rated the most desirable place to live in the United Kingdom by the British television programme "The Best and Worst Place to Live in the UK", although in 2006 it dropped to 8th place. The borough's low crime rate, good education results and large number of open spaces were all cited as especially attractive features, although it lost marks due to a 'lack of entertainment facilities'.

One of Ewell's most notable landmarks is the architecturally impressive Bourne Hall, situated in the centre of the village. Originally the site of Garbrand Hall, a large country mansion, Bourne Hall is now a modernist circular structure with a central glass dome, and is surrounded by an attractive public park. The building, which is reminiscent of an immense flying saucer, hosts a public library, subterranean theatre, gymnasium, cafe, and local museum. It regularly holds gatherings such as fayres, Yoga and Karate lessons.

Ewell has a Parish Church (Saint Mary the Virgin, Ewell), which was designed by Henry Clutton and consecrated in 1848. It is home to the 1889 'Father' Henry Willis pipe organ. Around the village there are a number of schools, including [http://www.ewell-grove.surrey.sch.uk Ewell Grove Infant and Nursery School] , [http://www.glyn.surrey.sch.uk Glyn Technology School] and [http://www.ewellcastle.surrey.sch.uk Ewell Castle School] (a past pupil was Oliver Reed), as well as the North-East Surrey College of Technology.

Ewell has an unusually large telephone exchange, next door to the Spring pub, which was fitted with underground facilities designed to survive a nuclear conflict during the late years of the Cold War.

Unlike most parts of Epsom, Ewell has Greater London telephone numbers (i.e. falling into the 020 8XXX XXXX number series), an anomaly shared with Chigwell and Loughton in Essex. It was transferred in 2000 from the Metropolitan Police, in whose district it had been placed since 1839, to the jurisdiction of Surrey Police.

ports and Recreation

Ewell is also home to Ewell St. Mary's Morris Men. Founded in 1979, further to a bequest from the then Vicar, Peter Hogben, for the annual Village Fete - the Team danced into The Morris Ring in the late eighties and now have many unique dances in their repertoire. They dance Cotswold Morris and sport black top hats, red and white baldricks and ribbons.

In West Ewell, there is a King George's Field in memorial to King George V. The local sports club (Ebbisham Sports Club) cater for badminton, squash and tennis, in addition to having a social club.

[http://www.ewelltennis.co.uk Ewell Tennis Club] is located in the village, catering for tennis players of all standards.

Ewell lies on the walking trail noted below:

Transport

Ewell is served by two railway stations: Ewell West, which has services towards London Waterloo, Dorking and Guildford and Ewell East, which has services towards London Victoria and Horsham.

There are many bus services which stop in Ewell, including the 293, 406, 418, 467, 470, E16 and the E15.

Notable people

Pop singer Petula Clark was born here, despite frequent reports that she was born in Epsom. Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt married and produced several of his famous works here, with the doorway linking St Mary's church yard and the grounds of Glyn House being reproduced as the door on which Christ is knocking in Hunt's famous painting, "The Light of the World". Chelsea footballer Ron "Chopper" Harris lived in Ewell during the 1970s, in The Headway. Children's television and wildlife show presenter Michaela Strachan was born in Ewell in 1966.

External links

* [http://www.eleflat.co.uk/Ewell-76_KT17-2007-council-tax.htm Ewell council tax bands and charges]

References


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