A. S. Byatt

A. S. Byatt
A. S. Byatt

Byatt in June 2007 in Lyon, France.
Born Antonia Susan Drabble
24 August 1936 (1936-08-24) (age 75)
Sheffield, England, U.K.
Occupation Writer, poet
Nationality English
Period 1964–present

www.asbyatt.com

Dame Antonia Susan Duffy, DBE (commonly known as A. S. Byatt born 24 August 1936, Sheffield) is an English novelist, poet and Booker Prize winner. In 2008, The Times newspaper named her on their list of The 50 greatest British writers since 1945.[1]

Contents

Life and career

Byatt was born as Antonia Susan Drabble, the daughter of John Drabble, QC, and Kathleen Bloor, a scholar of Browning.[2] Byatt was educated at Sheffield High School and the Quaker Mount School, and noted in an interview in 2009 "I am not a Quaker, of course, because I'm anti-Christian and the Quakers are a form of Christianity but their religion is wonderful – you simply sat in silence and listened to the nature of things."[2] She went on to Newnham College, Cambridge, Bryn Mawr in the United States, and Somerville College, Oxford.[3] Sister to novelist Margaret Drabble and art historian Helen Langdon, Byatt lectured in the Department of Extra-Mural Studies of London University (1962–71),[4] the Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design and from 1972 to 1983 at University College London.[4]

Writing

The story of a young girl growing up in the shadow of a dominant father, Byatt's first novel, The Shadow of the Sun was published in 1964. Her novel The Game (1967), charts the dynamics between two sisters[4] and the family theme is continued in her quartet The Virgin in the Garden (1978), Still Life (1985), Babel Tower (1996) and A Whistling Woman (2002), Still Life winning the PEN/Macmillan Silver Pen Award in 1989.[4] Her quartet of novels is inspired by D. H. Lawrence, particularly to The Rainbow and Women in Love. Describing mid-20th-century Britain, the books follow the life of Frederica Potter, a young female intellectual studying at Cambridge at a time when women were heavily outnumbered by men at that university, and then tracing her journey as a divorcée with a young son making a new life in London. Byatt says some of the characters in her fiction represent her "greatest terror which is simple domesticity [...] I had this image of coming out from under and seeing the light for a bit and then being shut in a kitchen, which I think happened to women of my generation."[2] Like Babel Tower, A Whistling Woman touches on the utopian and revolutionary dreams of the 1960s. She describes herself as "a naturally pessimistic animal": "I don't believe that human beings are basically good, so I think all utopian movements are doomed to fail, but I am interested in them."[2]

She has written critical studies of Iris Murdoch, who was a friend, mentor and a significant influence on her own writing. In those books and other works, Byatt alludes to, and builds upon, themes from Romantic and Victorian literature.[4] She conceives of fantasy as an alternative to, rather than an escape from, everyday life, and it is often difficult to tell when the fantastic in her work actually represents the eruption of psychosis. "In my work", she notes "writing is always so dangerous. It's very destructive. People who write books are destroyers."[2] Possession (1990) parallels the emerging relationship of two contemporary academics with the past of two (fictional) nineteenth century poets whom they are researching. It won the Man Booker Prize in 1990 and was made into a film in 2002. Byatt's novel Angels & Insects also became a successful film, nominated for an Academy Award (1995). The Children's Book was shortlisted for the 2009 Man Booker Prize[4] and won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize.

Also known for her short stories, Byatt has been influenced by Henry James and George Eliot as well as Emily Dickinson, T. S. Eliot, and Robert Browning, in merging realism and naturalism with fantasy. Her story collections include Sugar and Other Stories (1987); The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye (1994), a collection of fairy tales; Elementals: Stories of Fire and Ice (1998); and Little Black Book of Stories (2003). The Matisse Stories, (1993) features three pieces, each describing a painting by Henri Matisse, each the tale of an initially smaller crisis that shows the long-present unravelling in the protagonists’ lives. Her books reflect a continuous interest in zoology, entomology and Darwinism among other repeated themes. Byatt has written for media including the British journal Prospect, The Guardian, The Times and the Times Literary Supplement.[4] She has been a judge on many literary award panels including the Hawthornden Prize, the Booker, David Higham Prize for Fiction, and the Betty Trask Award.

On the role of writing in her life, she says: "I think of writing simply in terms of pleasure. It's the most important thing in my life, making things. Much as I love my husband and my children, I love them only because I am the person who makes these things. I, who I am, is the person that has the project of making a thing. Well, that's putting it pompously – but constructing. I do see it in sort of three-dimensional structures. And because that person does that all the time, that person is able to love all these people."[2]

Personal life

A. S. Byatt married Ian Charles Rayner Byatt in 1959 and had a daughter, as well as a son who was killed in a car accident at the age of 11. The marriage was dissolved in 1969. She has two daughters with her second husband Peter John Duffy.[2]

Byatt has famously been long engaged in a feud with her novelist sister Margaret Drabble over the writerly appropriation of a family tea-set. The pair seldom see each other and don't read each other's books.[5]

Member of

  • 1974–77 Social Effects of Television Advisory Group BBC
  • 1977–82 Associate of Newnham College, Cambridge
  • 1978–84 Board of Communications and Cultural Studies, CNAA
  • 1985–87 Board of Creative and Performing Arts, CNAA
  • 1987–88 Kingman Committee of Inquiry into the teaching of English Language, (Department of Education and Science)
  • 1984–88 Management Committee, Society of Authors, (Deputy Chairman, 1986, Chairman, 1986–88);
  • 1993–98 Board, British Council, (Member of Literature Advisory Panel, 1990–98).

Prizes and awards

Works

  • 1964 The Shadow of the Sun, Chatto & Windus
  • 1965 Degrees of Freedom: The Early Novels of Iris Murdoch, Chatto & Windus
  • 1967 The Game, Chatto & Windus
  • 1970 Wordsworth and Coleridge in Their Time, Nelson
  • 1976 Iris Murdoch: A Critical Study, Longman
  • 1978 The Virgin in the Garden, Chatto & Windus
  • 1985 Still Life, Chatto & Windus
  • 1987 Sugar and Other Stories, Chatto & Windus
  • 1989 Unruly Times: Wordsworth and Coleridge, Poetry and Life, Hogarth Press
  • 1990 George Eliot: Selected Essays, Poems and Other Writings (editor with Nicholas Warren), Penguin
  • 1990 Possession: A Romance, Chatto & Windus
  • 1991 Passions of the Mind: Selected Writings, Chatto & Windus
  • 1992 Angels & Insects, Chatto & Windus
  • 1993 The Matisse Stories, Chatto & Windus
  • 1994 The Djinn in the Nightingale's Eye, Chatto & Windus
  • 1995 Imagining Characters: Six Conversations about Women Writers (with Ignes Sodre), Chatto & Windus
  • 1995 New Writing Volume 4 (editor with Alan Hollinghurst), Vintage
  • 1997 Babel Tower, Chatto & Windus
  • 1997 New Writing Volume 6 (editor with Peter Porter), Vintage
  • 1998 Elementals: Stories of Fire and Ice, Chatto & Windus
  • 1998 Oxford Book of English Short Stories (editor), Oxford University Press
  • 2000 On Histories and Stories: Selected Essays, Chatto & Windus
  • 2000 The Biographer's Tale, Chatto & Windus
  • 2001 Portraits in Fiction, Chatto & Windus
  • 2001 The Bird Hand Book (with photographs by Victor Schrager), Graphis Inc. (New York)
  • 2002 A Whistling Woman, Chatto & Windus
  • 2003 Little Black Book of Stories, Chatto & Windus
  • 2009 The Children's Book, Chatto & Windus
  • 2011 Ragnarok: The End of the Gods, Canongate

References

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Byatt — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: A. S. Byatt (* 1936), britische Schriftstellerin Horace Archer Byatt (1875–1933), britischer Kolonialgouverneur von Tanganjika und Trinidad und Tobago Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Byatt —   [ baɪət], Antonia Susan, englische Schriftstellerin, * Sheffield 24. 8. 1936; Schwester von Margaret Drabble. In ihren Romanen verbindet sie realistische Darstellung zunehmend mit symbolischen, mythologischen und literarischen Anspielungen.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Byatt, A.S. — ▪ 2005       The year 2004 showed British author A.S. Byatt at the apex of her career as an author, literary critic, and academic. She received critical praise for Little Black Book of Stories (2004), a collection of five Gothic tales that… …   Universalium

  • Byatt — This unusual surname is recorded in the spellings of Byatt, Byatte, Byott, Bygate, and possibly other forms as well. It derives from the Middle English locational phrase by the gate , which itself originates in the Olde English geat or yate or… …   Surnames reference

  • Byatt, A(ntonia) S(usan) — orig. Antonia Susan Drabble born Aug. 24, 1936, Sheffield, Eng. British novelist and scholar. Sister of Margaret Drabble, she was educated at Cambridge and taught at University College, London. Her third novel, The Virgin in the Garden (1978),… …   Universalium

  • Byatt — biographical name Antonia Susan 1936 née Drabble British writer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Byatt — /buy euht/, n. A(ntonia) S., born 1936, English novelist and short story writer (sister of Margaret Drabble). * * * …   Universalium

  • Byatt, A(ntonia) S(usan) — orig. Antonia Susan Drabble (n. 24 ago. 1936, Sheffield, Inglaterra). Novelista y académica británica. Hermana de Margaret Drabble, se educó en Cambridge y enseñó en el University College de Londres. Su tercera novela, The Virgin in the Garden… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Byatt, Antonia S. — pseud. di Drabble, Antonia …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Byatt — By•att [[t]ˈbaɪ ət[/t]] n. big A(ntonia) S., born 1936, English novelist and short story writer (sister of Margaret Drabble) …   From formal English to slang

  • Byatt — /ˈbaɪət/ (say buyuht) noun A(ntonia) S(usan), born 1936, English novelist and critic; noted for the novel Possession (1990) which won the Booker Prize …   Australian English dictionary


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