Duke of Cumberland


Duke of Cumberland
HRH Prince Ernest Augustus, the last person to hold the title, was deprived thereof in 1919

Duke of Cumberland is a peerage title that was conferred upon junior members of the British Royal Family, named after the county of Cumberland.

Contents

History

The first creation, in the Peerage of England, was in 1644 for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, nephew of King Charles I. When he died without heirs, the title was created again in the Peerage of England in 1689 for Prince George of Denmark, husband of Princess Anne, younger daughter of King James II. He also died without heirs, in 1708. Neither of these men, however, was usually known by their peerage title.

The third creation, in the Peerage of Great Britain, was for Prince William, the third son of King George II. Other titles granted to Prince William were Marquess of Berkhampstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney. Since the Prince died unmarried and without children, his titles became extinct at his death.

The title was created again in the Peerage of Great Britain, but the form being changed to "Cumberland and Strathearn". The dukedom and also the Earldom of Dublin in the Peerage of Ireland were bestowed on Prince Henry, the third son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and grandson of King George II. Since Prince Henry died without legitimate children, the title became extinct again.

The last creation (the form being "Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale") was for Ernest Augustus (later King of Hanover), fifth son of King George III of the United Kingdom. The title was suspended for the third Duke's pro-German activities during World War I under the 1917 Titles Deprivation Act, as it was for his son. Under the Act the lineal male heirs of the 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale have the right to petition the British Crown for the restoration of his peerages. To date, none has done so. The present heir is Prince Ernst August of Hanover (born 26 February 1954), great grandson of the 3rd Duke and current head of the House of Hanover. He is the senior male-line descendant of George III of the United Kingdom.

List of titleholders

Dukes of Cumberland, first Creation (1644)

also Earl of Holderness (England, 1644)

Dukes of Cumberland, second Creation (1689)

also Earl of Kendal and Baron Wokingham (England, 1689)

Dukes of Cumberland, third Creation (1726)

also Marquess of Berkhamstead, Earl of Kennington, Viscount Trematon and Baron Alderney (Great Britain, 1726)

Dukes of Cumberland and Strathearn (1766)

also Earl of Dublin (Ireland, 1766)

Dukes of Cumberland and Teviotdale (1799)

also Earl of Armagh (Ireland, 1799)

Heirs to the Dukedom, if restored

  • Ernst August III, Duke of Brunswick (1887–1953), eldest son of the last Crown Prince and son-in-law of German Emperor William II.
  • Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover (1914–1987), elder son of Ernest Augustus III
  • Ernst August V, Prince of Hanover (b 1954), eldest son of Ernest Augustus IV
  • His heir-apparent would be his elder son Prince Ernst August of Hanover (b 1983)

See also


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Duke of Cumberland — noun English general; son of George II; fought unsuccessfully in the battle of Fontenoy (1721 1765) • Syn: ↑Cumberland, ↑William Augustus, ↑Butcher Cumberland • Instance Hypernyms: ↑general, ↑full general …   Useful english dictionary

  • Duke of Cumberland Hand — Ernst August, Herzog von Cumberland Die Duke of Cumberland Hand (von engl. hand, dt. so viel wie Blatt) ist eine berühmte Kartenverteilung beim Whist bzw. Bridge, vergleichbar etwa mit der Unsterblichen Partie beim Schach. Inhaltsverzeic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke-of-Cumberland-Hand — Ernst August, Herzog von Cumberland Die Duke of Cumberland Hand (von engl. hand, dt. so viel wie Blatt) ist eine berühmte Kartenverteilung beim Whist bzw. Bridge, vergleichbar etwa der Unsterblichen Partie beim Schach. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke of Cumberland-Hand — Ernst August, Herzog von Cumberland Die Duke of Cumberland Hand (von engl. hand, dt. so viel wie Blatt) ist eine berühmte Kartenverteilung beim Whist bzw. Bridge, vergleichbar etwa der Unsterblichen Partie beim Schach. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke of Cumberland hand — Ernst August, Herzog von Cumberland Die Duke of Cumberland Hand (von engl. hand, dt. so viel wie Blatt) ist eine berühmte Kartenverteilung beim Whist bzw. Bridge, vergleichbar etwa der Unsterblichen Partie beim Schach. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Duke of Cumberland's Regiment of Light Dragoons — The Duke of Cumberland s Regiment of Light Dragoons was a cavalry regiment of the British Army raised in 1746 and disbanded in 1749. It was raised by the Duke of Cumberland in 1746, drawing most of its men from the recently disbanded Duke of… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale — Ernest Augustus Crown Prince of Hanover Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Predecessor George V …   Wikipedia

  • Prince William, Duke of Cumberland — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Prince William The [http://www.londongazette.co.uk/ViewPDF.aspx?pdf=6494 London Gazette] for his ennoblement refers to him as Prince William ] title =Duke of Cumberland caption =Portrait by Joshua Reynolds,… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn — Infobox British Royalty|royal name =Prince Henry title =Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn spouse =Anne Horton royal house =House of Hanover titles = HRH The Duke of Cumberland HRH Prince HenryHe is called simply (His Royal Highness) Prince Henry… …   Wikipedia

  • William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland — Wilhelm August, Duke of Cumberland (Gemälde von Joshua Reynolds, 1758) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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