St. Louis Cardinals


St. Louis Cardinals

MLB infobox
name = St. Louis Cardinals
established = 1882
misc =
owner = William DeWitt, Jr. and Fred Hanser

uniform
WS = (10)
colors=Red, Navy Blue, Whitecolor box|#df0000 color box|#0a2252 color box|white
WORLD CHAMPIONS = 2006198219671964
1946194419421934
19311926
LEAGUE = NL
P = (17)
manager = Tony La Russa
gm = John Mozeliak
PENNANTS = 2006 • 2004 • 1987 • 1985 1982 • 196819671964 1946194419431942 1934193119301928 1926
misc1 = AA Pennants (4)
OTHER PENNANTS = 1888188718861885
DIV = Central
DV = (7)
Division Champs = 2006200520042002 200120001996
misc5 = East Division titles (3) [In 1981, the Cardinals finished with the overall best record in the East Division. However, a players' strike in the middle of the season forced the season to be split into two halves. St. Louis finished second in both halves and was thereby deprived of a post-season appearance.]
OTHER DIV CHAMPS = 198719851982
WC = (1) [In 2001, the Cardinals and the Houston Astros finished the season with identical records of 93-69 and finished tied for first place in the Central Division standings. Both teams were awarded a co-championship. [http://www.baseballhalloffame.org/teams/nl/cardinals.htm] According to MLB, this was the "the first shared championship in major-league history". [http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/stl/components/history/comp_timeline_2001.jsp] For playoff seeding, the NL Central slot went to Houston and St. Louis was awarded the wild card berth.]
Wild Card = 2001
misc6 =
current league = National League
y1 = 1892
division = Central Division
y2 = 1994
misc2 =
**Eastern Division (1969-1993)
*American Association (1882-1891)
nicknames = The Cards, The Redbirds, The Birds
y3 = 1900
misc3 =
pastnames = St. Louis Perfectos (1899)
*St. Louis Brown Stockings/Browns (1882-1898)
ballpark = Busch Stadium (III)
y4 = 2006
misc4 =
pastparks = Busch Stadium (II) (1966-2005)
**aka Busch Memorial Stadium (1966-1982)
*Sportsman's Park (III) (1920-1966)
**aka Busch Stadium (I) (1953-1966)
*Robison Field (1893-1920)
**aka Cardinal Field (1917-1920)
**aka League Park (1899-1911)
**aka Sportsman's Park (II) (1893-1899)
*Sportsman's Park (1882-1892)
Uniform = NLC-Uniform-STL.png retirednumbers = 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85
Team = Cardinals
Team1 = Cardinals
Uniform

The St. Louis Cardinals (also referred to as "the Cards" or "the Redbirds") are a professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri. They are members of the Central Division in the National League of Major League Baseball. The Cardinals have won a National League record 10 World Series championships, second only to the New York Yankees in Major League Baseball who have 26.

The Cardinals were founded in the American Association in 1882 as the St. Louis Brown Stockings, taking the name from an earlier National League team. They joined the National League in 1892 and have been known as the Cardinals since 1900. The Cardinals began play in the current Busch Stadium in 2006, becoming the first team since 1923 to win the World Series in their first season in a new ballpark. They are the oldest current professional sports franchise west of the Mississippi. The Cardinals have a strong rivalry with the Chicago Cubs that began in 1885.

History

1880s–1930s

The Cardinals were founded in 1882 as a member of the American Association called the St. Louis Brown Stockings. The club quickly achieved success, winning four AA pennants in a row, 1885-1888. Following these titles St. Louis played in an early version of the World Series, the first two times against the National League's Chicago White Stockings (now the Chicago Cubs). The 1885 series ended in dispute, but St. Louis won the 1886 series outright, beginning a St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that continues today. [ Jon David Cash, "Before They Were Cardinals: Major League Baseball in Nineteenth-Century St. Louis." University of Missouri Press 2002] The American Association went bankrupt in 1892 and the Browns moved to the National League, leaving much of their success behind for the next three decades. The club changed its name to the Perfectos in 1899 before adopting the Cardinals name in 1900.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline1.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 1 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=6 March | accessyear=2007] The Cardinals' fortunes in the National League began to improve in 1920 when Sam Breadon bought the club and named Branch Rickey his general manager. Rickey immediately moved the Cardinals to Sportsman's Park to become tenants of their American League rivals, the St. Louis Browns, and sold the Cardinals' ballpark. Rickey used the money from the sale to invest in and pioneer the minor league farm system, which produced many great players and led to new success for the Cardinals.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline2.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 2 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=6 March | accessyear=2007] .

Led by Rogers Hornsby, who won the triple crown in 1922 and 1925, the Cardinals improved drastically during the 1920s. They won their first National League pennant in 1926, and then defeated the favored New York Yankees in seven games to win the World Series. In 1927, now led by Frankie Frisch, the Cardinals fell just short before claiming another pennant in 1928. However, the Yankees avenged their 1926 loss by sweeping the Cardinals in four games in the World Series.

Despite this loss, the Cardinals kept winning in the new decade, claiming back-to-back pennants in 1930 and 1931. The Cardinals matched up with the Philadelphia Athletics in both World Series, losing in 1930 but returning to win the 1931 series. In 1934 the team, nicknamed the Gashouse Gang for their shabby appearance and rough tactics, again won the pennant and then the World Series over the Detroit Tigers. Dizzy Dean won 30 games that season, the last National League pitcher to reach that mark. Joe Medwick won the triple crown in 1937, the last National League hitter achieve the feat, but the Cardinals failed to win another pennant until the end of the decade.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline3.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 3 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=7 May | accessyear=2007]

1940s–1970s

Outfielder Stan "The Man" Musial joined the Cardinals in 1941. Known to loyal fans as "Ol' Number 6", Musial spent 22 years in a Cardinals uniform and won three NL MVP Awards. In 1968, a statue of Musial was constructed outside Busch Stadium to honor his career. During World War II the Cardinals dominated the National League, winning three straight pennants from 1942–1944. The 1942 "St. Louis Swifties" won a franchise record 106 games and defeated the Yankees in the World Series. The team posted the second best records in team history with 105 wins in both 1943 and 1944. The Cardinals fell to the Yankees in the 1943 World Series in a rematch of the previous year. The 1944 World Series was particularly memorable as the Cardinals met their crosstown rivals, the St. Louis Browns, in the "Streetcar Series" with the Cardinals prevailing for their fifth title. In 1946 the Cardinals finished the season tied with the Brooklyn Dodgers, but claimed the pennant in a three-game playoff series. The Cardinals then won the World Series in seven games against the Boston Red Sox. In the bottom of the eighth inning in game seven with the score tied at 3–3, Enos Slaughter scored on a "Mad Dash" from first on a double to left-center to win the game and the series.

Rickey had left the Cardinals to become general manager of the Dodgers in 1942, and after their 1946 win the Cardinals slid back to the middle of the National League for the next two decades. In 1953 the Anheuser-Busch brewery bought the Cardinals and August "Gussie" Busch became team president. He soon purchased Sportsman's Park from St. Louis Browns owner Bill Veeck and renovated and renamed the ballpark Busch Stadium. The Browns, who had not been as successful or popular as the Cardinals in three decades, realized they could not compete with the deep pockets of the brewery. After the 1953 season, the Browns left St. Louis to become the Baltimore Orioles, and the Cardinals were left as the only major league team in town.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline4.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 4 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=15 May | accessyear=2007]

The Cardinals achieved another period of success in the 1960s with the help of a trade and a dominating pitcher. In 1964 the Cardinals traded pitcher Ernie Broglio and two other players to the rival Cubs for outfielder Lou Brock and two other players. The trade, since nicknamed Brock for Broglio, has become definitive of a trade which in retrospect is ridiculously lopsided. The Cardinals would prove to be on the good side of the trade as Brock would replace Musial, who had retired at the end of 1963, in left field. Behind Brock and pitcher Bob Gibson, who won 20 games for the first time, the Cardinals won the 1964 World Series over the Yankees. In 1966 the Cardinals moved to the new Busch Memorial Stadium and hosted the MLB All-Star Game that summer. The next year the team reached and won the 1967 World Series over the Red Sox. Gibson pitched three complete game wins, allowing only three earned runs, and was named World Series MVP for the second time (he was also MVP in 1964). In 1968, nicknamed the "Year of the Pitcher" for the domination of pitching over hitting throughout the majors, the Cardinals' Bob Gibson proved to be the most dominant pitcher of all. Gibson's earned run average of 1.12 is a live-ball era record and he won both the NL Cy Young Award and NL MVP Award. Behind Gibson's season the Cardinals reached the 1968 World Series against the Detroit Tigers. Gibson would pitch another three complete games and set a World Series record with 35 strikeouts, including a single game record 17 in Game 1. However, Cardinals outfielder Curt Flood misplayed a flyball by Jim Northrup into a triple in Game 7, allowing the Tigers to win the series. Gibson would win a second Cy Young Award in 1970, but the Cardinals would fail to win a pennant during the next decade.

In 1969, the Cardinals would take part in the first regular season Major League Baseball game played outside of the United States, when they played the Montreal Expos at Jarry Park in Montreal.

1980s–1999

The Cardinals returned to their winning ways in 1981; however, a rule change because of the strike-shortened season left the Cardinals out of the playoffs. Despite having the best overall record in the NL East, the Cardinals finished in second in both halves of the strike-split season. But just like in 1964, a trade would propel the Cardinals upward. Before the 1982 season began the Cardinals acquired shortstop Ozzie Smith from the San Diego Padres via a trade. With Smith, and playing a form of baseball nicknamed Whiteyball after manager Whitey Herzog, the Cardinals won the 1982 World Series over Robin Yount and the Milwaukee Brewers, which was nicknamed the "Sudway Series," spoofing the two cities roots in the brewing indstury. Whitey's Cardinals would then return to the Fall Classic again a few seasons later, as they met George Brett and the Kansas City Royals in the 1985 World Series. That series was dubbed the "I-70 Series" after the highway that connects the two in-state rivals. The Royals won in seven games, but the series is most remembered by Cardinals fans for a blown call by umpire Don Denkinger in Game 6 that turned the tide of the series for the Royals. It should be noted that the Royals won 11-0 in game 7. The Cardinals would also reach the 1987 World Series, losing to the Minnesota Twins.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline5.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 5 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=14 January | accessyear=2008] The Cardinals hit another period of little success in the early 1990s. That changed in 1996 when the Cardinals hired Tony La Russa away from the Oakland Athletics. The team won the NL Central that season and defeated the Padres in the NLDS before falling to the Atlanta Braves in the NLCS. In 1998 the Cardinals were the focus of the baseball world as slugging first baseman Mark McGwire broke the single season home run record by hitting 70 home runs. McGwire's epic pursuit of Roger Maris' record along with the Cubs' Sammy Sosa helped to re-popularize baseball after the 1994 strike, bringing in new young fans and re-capturing a few fans lost by the player strikes.

2000–present

The start of the new millennium coincided with a new era of success for the Cardinals as the team, led primarily by Albert Pujols, won the NL Central in six of seven years. The Cardinals would fall short in the post-season in 2000, 2001, and 2002 before missing the playoffs altogether in 2003. However, in 2004 the Cardinals won 105 games for the best record in baseball. They then defeated the Dodgers in the NLDS and the Houston Astros in a seven game NLCS to reach the 2004 World Series. However, the Cardinals were swept by the Boston Red Sox, who won their first World Series in 86 years. The Cardinals won 100 games and another Central Division title in 2005, but lost in an NLCS rematch to the Astros. The Cardinals moved to the new Busch Stadium in 2006 and finally overcame the playoffs. Despite winning only 83 games, the Cardinals caught fire in the playoffs and defeated the San Diego Padres in the NLDS, and then the New York Mets in a seven game NLCS. In the 2006 World Series, the Cardinals faced the heavily-favored Detroit Tigers, but won in five games for the franchise's tenth World Series title.cite web | url=http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/stl/history/timeline6.jsp | title=Cardinals timeline 6 | work=St. Louis Cardinals Official Website | accessdate=14 January | accessyear=2008]

In-season tragedies

On June 18, 2002 long-time Cardinals radio broadcaster Jack Buck died. Four days later, Cardinals starting pitcher Darryl Kile died in his sleep, apparently of heart failure, before a game in Chicago against the Cubs in which he was scheduled to be the starting pitcher. On April 29, 2007, also during a series with the Cubs, Cardinals relief pitcher Josh Hancock, age 29, was killed in a car accident while driving drunk when his vehicle collided with a stopped tow truck that was aiding a disabled motorist on Interstate 64, not far from Busch Stadium.cite web | url=http://sports.espn.go.com/mlb/news/story?id=2860122 | title=ESPN article on Josh Hancock's death | work=ESPN.com Website | accessdate=14 January | accessyear=2008]

Ballpark

The Cardinals play their home games at Busch Stadium in downtown St. Louis. Busch Stadium, also called Busch III, opened for the 2006 season at a cost of $346 million [ [http://cardinals.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/stl/ballpark/stl_ballpark_newpark_factsheet.jsp Official Ballpark Factsheet] which states the costs of the stadium] and can hold 46,861 people. [ [http://stlouis.cardinals.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/news/press_releases/press_release.jsp?ymd=20060428&content_id=1422814&vkey=pr_stl&fext=.jsp&c_id=stl "Cardinals make 65,000 additional tickets available"] St. Louis Cardinals Press Release, April 28, 2006.] The Cardinals finished their inaugural season in the new Busch Stadium by winning the 2006 World Series, becoming the first team since the 1923 New York Yankees to win the World Series in their first season in a new ballpark. The ballpark has numerous statues of great former Cardinal players outside, including the iconic statue of Stan Musial in front of the third base entrance.

Busch Stadium is the Cardinals' fourth home ballpark and the third to be named Busch Stadium. The Cardinals' original home ballpark was Sportsman's Park from 1882–1893 when they were playing in the American Association and known as the Browns. During 1893 the Cardinals moved to a new ballpark originally called New Sportsman's Park but more commonly remembered as Robison Field which served as their home from 1893–1920. During 1920 the Cardinals returned to the original Sportsman's Park and became tenants of their crosstown rivals, the St. Louis Browns. In 1953 the Cardinals were purchased by the Anheuser-Busch Brewery and the new owner subsequently purchased Sportsman's Park from the Browns and renamed it Busch Stadium, becoming Busch I. The Browns then left St. Louis for Baltimore after the season. The Cardinals moved to Busch Memorial Stadium, or Busch II, in downtown St. Louis during the 1966 season and played there until 2005. It was built as the multi-purpose home of both the baseball Cardinals and the St. Louis football Cardinals, now the Arizona Cardinals. The current Busch Stadium was constructed immediately south of and partly on top of the site of Busch Memorial Stadium.

The Cardinals hold spring training at Roger Dean Stadium in Jupiter, FL. They share the complex, which opened in 1998, with the Florida Marlins. Before moving to Jupiter, the Cardinals hosted spring training at Al Lang Field in St. Petersburg, FL from 1937–1997.

Logos and uniforms

The Cardinals have had few logos throughout their history, although those logos have evolved over time. The first logo associated with the Cardinals was an interlocking "SL" that appeared on the team's caps and or sleeves as early as 1900. Those early uniforms usually featured the name "St. Louis" on white home and gray road uniforms which both had cardinal red accents. In 1920 the "SL" largely disappeared from the team's uniforms, and for the next 20 years the team wore caps that were white with red striping and a red bill. In 1922, the Cardinals wore uniforms for the first time that featured two cardinal birds perched on a baseball bat over the name "Cardinals" with the letter "C" of the word hooked over the bat. This logo, colloquially referred to as the "birds on the bat" originally had the birds on a black bat and Cardinal in printed letters. An alternate version of this logo with "St. Louis" replacing "Cardinals" appeared in 1930 and was the primary logo in 1931 and 1932 before "Cardinals" returned. In 1940 the now familiar "StL" logo was introduced on the team's caps. The interlocking "StL" has undergone several slight modifications over the years but has appeared on the team's caps every year since. The first appearance of the "StL" in 1940 coincided with the introduction of navy blue as a uniform color. From 1940 until 1955 the team wore navy blue caps with red bills and a red interlocking "StL" while the jerseys featured both cardinal red and navy blue accents. In 1951 the "birds on the bat" logo was changed to feature a yellow baseball bat. cite web | url=http://exhibits.baseballhalloffame.org/dressed_to_the_nines/uniforms.asp?lowYear=1882&highYear=2008&city=St.%20Louis&league=NL&sort=year&increment=18&pos=19 | title=Cardinals uniforms | work=Baseball Hall of Fame Uniform Database | accessdate=3 May | accessyear=2008] In 1956 the Cardinals changed their caps to entirely navy with a red "StL", removing the red bill. Also, for that one season, the Cardinals wore a script "Cardinals" wordmark on the their uniforms without the "birds on the bat." However, an undated version of the "birds on the bat" logo would return in 1957 with the word "Cardinals" now written in cursive beneath the bat. In 1962, the Cardinals were the first National League team to display names on the back of their jerseys. In 1964 the Cardinals changed their caps to be all red with a white interlocking "StL". Following the trend in baseball at the time, the Cardinals replaced their more traditional front button shirts and pants with belts with new pullover t-shirts and elastic waist pants. Yet another trend in baseball led the Cardinals to change their road uniforms from gray to light blue from 1976–1985. In 1992 the Cardinals returned to wearing more traditional button-down shirts and pants with belts. That same year they also began wearing an all navy cap with a red "StL" on the road only while wearing the same red and white cap at home games. In 1998 the "birds on the bat" was updated for the first time in 40 years with more detailed birds and a bolder letters. In 2000 the Cardinals introduced a cap featuring a single cardinal bird perched on a bat, which they wear only during home games on Sundays. Over the years the Cardinals have also used other marketing logos that never appeared on uniforms that showed anthropomorphized cardinals in a pitching stance, swinging a baseball bat, or wearing a baseball cap.

Players

Current roster

Individual achievements and awards

*Cardinal pitchers have thrown ten no-hitters: Ted Breitenstein (1891), Jesse Haines (1924), Paul Dean (1934), Lon Warneke (1941), Ray Washburn (1968), Bob Gibson (1971), Bob Forsch (two, in 1978 and 1983), Jose Jimenez (1999), and Bud Smith (2001). The Cardinals have never been involved in a perfect game, win or lose.

*Two Cardinal pitchers have won Cy Young Awards: Bob Gibson in 1968, Gibson again in 1970, and Chris Carpenter in 2005.

*Fifteen Cardinal players have won Most Valuable Player awards, the most recent being Albert Pujols in 2005. Bob Gibson won the both the Cy Young Award and MVP award in 1968.

*Six Cardinals have won the Rookie of the Year award: Wally Moon in 1954, Bill Virdon in 1955, Bake McBride in 1974, Vince Coleman in 1985, Todd Worrell in 1986, and Albert Pujols in 2001.

*Twenty Cardinal players have hit for the cycle, the most recent being Mark Grudzielanek in 2005. [ [http://www.baseball-almanac.com/teams/cards.shtml St. Louis Cardinals ] ]

*Four of the sixteen players to win the Triple Crown for hitting were Cardinals. Tip O'Neill won the American Association Triple Crown in 1887. Rogers Hornsby became the only two-time Triple Crown winner in NL history when he did it in 1922 and 1925. Joe Medwick's Triple Crown in 1937 is the last in the history of the National League. [ [http://www.baseball-reference.com/awards/triple_crowns.shtml Triple Crown Winners - Baseball-Reference.com ] ]


=Hall of Famers=

Jackie Robinson's number 42 was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Cardinals 'retired' the number 42 a second time in Sept. 2006 as Bruce Sutter had been elected to the Hall of Fame earlier in the year.

Cardinal stockholders honored Busch with the number 85 on his 85th birthday, in 1984. Also, while not officially retired, the number 25 of Mark McGwire (1B, 1997–2001) has not been reissued since he retired, the number 51 of Willie McGee (OF 1982–1990, 1996–1999) has not been reissued since late in the 2001 season, and the number 57 of Darryl Kile (P, 2000–02) has not been reissued since his death in the middle of the 2002 season. (Kile is honored with a small circular logo bearing his initials and number on the wall of the Cardinal bullpen, as is deceased pitcher Josh Hancock. Hancock's number 32 also has not been reissued since his death in early 2007). The team also honored longtime radio commentator Jack Buck by placing a drawing of a microphone on the wall with the retired numbers.

The Cardinals are tied with the Los Angeles Dodgers as having retired the second-most numbers in baseball with 10, behind only the New York Yankees' 16.

Minor league affiliations

*AAA: Memphis Redbirds (Pacific Coast League)
*AA: Springfield Cardinals (Texas League)
*Advanced A: Palm Beach Cardinals (Florida State League)
*A: Quad Cities River Bandits (Midwest League)
*Short A: Batavia Muckdogs (New York - Penn League)
*Rookie: Johnson City Cardinals (Appalachian League), Gulf Coast Cardinals (Gulf Coast League)

Radio and television

In St. Louis, Cardinals games on radio can be heard over KTRS, a talk radio station of which the team owns 50 percent. Mike Shannon and John Rooney alternate as play-by-play announcers. KTRS feeds the games to a network comprised of 115 stations, covering all or portions of Missouri, Illinois, Arkansas, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and Tennessee.

Prior to moving to KTRS in 2006, the Cardinals and KMOX radio enjoyed a partnership that spanned over seven decades. But the relationship ended after the 2005 season when CBS Radio, KMOX's parent company, and the Cardinals failed to reach terms on a new rights agreement, resulting in the team leaving the 50,000-watt clear channel behemoth in favor of becoming part-owners of 5,000-watt KTRS.

On television, coverage is split between FSN Midwest and KSDK, St. Louis' NBC affiliate. KSDK replaced KPLR-TV as the Cards' over-the-air television broadcaster starting in the 2007 season. KSDK and its predecessor, KSD-TV, previously carried the team from 1963 until 1987.

Dan McLaughlin and Al Hrabosky are the official announcers on FSN Midwest. Joe Buck had previously teamed with Hrabosky but now is the lead play-by-play caller for FOX Major League Baseball and National Football League broadcasts. Buck's father was Cardinals announcer Jack Buck. Jay Randolph and Rick Horton team up for KSDK contests. All telecasts on KSDK will be in HDTV, along with a select number on FSN Midwest.

References

External links

*MLBTeam|StLouis|Cardinals|STL
* [http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/mlb/standings/index.jsp Current records and standings]
* [http://www.baseball-reference.com/teams/STL/ St. Louis Cardinals Team Index at Baseball Reference]
* [http://www.thestlcardinals.com St. Louis Cardinals Team Page at Scout.com]


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