English Bazar

English Bazar

English Bazar
—  city  —
English Bazar
Location of English Bazar
in West Bengal and India
Coordinates 25°00′N 88°09′E / 25.00°N 88.15°E / 25.00; 88.15Coordinates: 25°00′N 88°09′E / 25.00°N 88.15°E / 25.00; 88.15
Country India
State West Bengal
District(s) Malda
Parliamentary constituency Maldaha Uttar
Assembly constituency English Bazar
Population 324,237 (2011)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)


17 metres (56 ft)

Website malda.nic.in/

English Bazar, better known as Malda, called mango city, is a city and a municipality in Malda district in the state of West Bengal, India. Malda is the fifth largest city (after Kolkata (Calcutta), Howrah, Asansol, Siliguri) in West Bengal. Malda is nominated for becoming the municipal corporation. It serves as the district headquarters.



English Bazar is located at 25°00′N 88°09′E / 25.00°N 88.15°E / 25.00; 88.15.[1] It has an average elevation of 17 metres (56 feet). It is located on the western bank of the river Mahananda. Usually the weather like much of Bengal is extremely humid and tropical. Temperatures can reach as high as 46 °C in the hot and dry months of May and June but can plummet to about 4 °C in the chilly nights of December and January.


In the 2011 census, English Bazar Urban Agglomeration had a population of 324,237, out of which 175,073 were males and 149,164 were females. The 0-6 years population was 24,262. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 81.32 per cent.[2]

As of 2001 India census,[3] English Bazar had a population of 161,448. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. English Bazar has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 71%. In English Bazar, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.


English Bazar is situated in between the ancient historical cities of Gaur and Pandua. The city, however, came up much later, around mid 18th century. It was once known as Engelzavad established by the British rulers. In 1813 a joint magistrate and deputy collector were appointed and in 1832 a treasury was opened.

The gateway of North Bengal, Malda, once the capital of Gour-Banga with its 3456 km² lay of the land classified into Tal, Diara, and Barind awaits the advent of tourists and people of archeological interest with its wealth to be enjoyed and its huge potential to be explored.

This portion of the Earth is washed by the waves of the rivers Ganges, Mahananda, Fulahar, Kalindri and had been the witness of different empires raised, flourished and cast down near oblivion by a successor kingdom built up on the relics of its predecessor. Panini mentioned a city named Gourpura, which by strong reason may be identified as the city of Gouda, ruins of which are situated in this district. Examples are legion of the relic of a predecessor kingdom being used in the monuments of the successor kingdoms.

It had been within the limits of ancient ‘Gaur’ and ‘Pandua’ (Pundrabardhana). These two cities had been the capital of Bengal in ancient and medieval ages and are equidistant, north and south, from English Bazar town (once known as Engelzavad established by the British rulers).

The boundary of Gour was changed in different ages since 5th century BC and its name can be found in Puranic texts. Pundranagar was the provincial capital of Maurya Empire.

Gour and Pundrabardhana formed parts of the Mourya empire as is evinced from the inscriptions, Brahmilipi on a seal discovered from the ruins of Mahasthangarh in the Bogura District of Bangladesh. Hiuen Tsang saw many Ashokan stupas at Pundrabardhana.

The inscriptions discovered in the district of undivided Dinajpur and other parts of North Bengal along with the Allahabad pillar inscriptions of Samudragupta clearly indicate that the whole of North Bengal as far east as Kamrup formed a part of the Gupta empire.

After the Guptas in the beginning of 7th century AD Sasanka, the king of Karnasubarna as well as the king of Gaur ruled independently for more than three decades. From the middle of 8th century to the end of 11th century the Pala Empire ruled Bengal, the kings were devoted to Buddhism. It was during their reign that the Jagadalla Vihara (monastery) in Barindri flourished paralleling with Nalanda, Vikramshila and Devikot.

The Pala Dynasty yielded to the emergence of Sena Empire, the Sen rulers were Hindus, and in the habit of moving from place to place within their kingdom. At the time of Lakshman Sen Goud was known as Lakshmanabati. The Sen kings ruled Bengal till Bakhtiyar Khilji conquered Bengal in 1204 AD.

Thereafter the Muslim rule lasted for about five hundred years before Sirajuddaulah was defeated by Lord Clive at the battle of Plassey in 1757 whence the British rule started. From ancient times, rulers of various origins, religions, and dynasties left imprints of their times on the earth of this district. Those that left ruins and relics speak of past pomp and grandeur, and hold interest for archeologists and tourists.

This district formed out of outlying areas of Purnia, Dinajpur, and Rajshahi districts in 1813. At the time of Dr. B. Hamilton (1808–09), the presents thanas of Gazole, Malda, Bamongola, and part of Habibpur were included in the district of Dinajpur and the thanas of Harischandrapur, Kharba, Ratua, Manikchak, and Kaliachak were included in the district of Purnia. In 1813, in consequence of the prevalence of serious crimes in the Kaliachak and Sahebganj thanas and also on the rivers, a joint magistrate and deputy collector were appointed at Englishbazar with jurisdiction over a number of police station centering that place and taken from the two district. Thus the district of Malda was born. The year 1832 saw the establishment of separate treasury and the year 1859 the posting of a full - fledged Magistrate and collector.

Up to 1876, this district formed part of Rajshahi Division and between 1876 & 1905, it formed part of Bhagalpur Division. In 1905, it was again transferred to Rajshahi Division and till 1947 Malda remained in this division. In August, 1947, this district was affected by Partition of India. Between August 12–15, 1947 whether the district would become part of India or Pakistan was unknown as the announcement of the Radcliff Line did not make this point clear. During these few days the district was under a magistrate of East Pakistan until the details of the Radcliffe award were published and the district became part of West Bengal on the 17th of August 1947.

Rail,Airport and Road

English Bazar is well connected by both road and rail. It is the Divisional Headquarters of Eastern Railway's Malda Division. About 70% of this division is in Bihar and Jharkhand. Financial department officials like Sr.DFM, Sr.DRM, and ADFM have got their own offices in there. Almost all trains bound for North Bengal and the North Eastern States of India pass through Malda Town station (station code: MLDT). The city is located on National Highway 34 the North-South arterial road of West Bengal some 347 km north of Kolkata and 256 km south of Siliguri.it is also connected by National Highway 81 . The famous airport which was closed since 1972 due to the Bangladesh war,is trying to start as soon as possible.it is in under construction.Malda Airport (IATA: LDA, ICAO: VEMH) is located at Malda, India.



Though Malda is one of the least educated districts of West Bengal, it contains some of the most élite schools of the state. Malda Zilla School, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Vidyamandir, The Barlow Girls High School, A C Institution, Lalitmohan, Malda Town High School, C.C.Girls High School, St Xavier (English medium), St Mary School (English medium),kendriya vidyalaya-malda , Jingle Bell School (An English Medium preparatory school), Daffodils English Academy, Holy Child English Academy and North Point English Academy are also some of the most reputed schools of the district.

  • Malda Zilla School:

Established in the year 1858, the school started in the building in which the Superintendent of Police of Malda resides at present. It all started in 2 & 3 pucca rooms and in thatched rooms separated by fences in the Northern, Southern and Western sides. In 1897, the school shifted to the present campus having 11 compartments and 1 hall attached to a courtyard. Before 1985, this building enjoyed the recognition of being the main building. In 1985, this building was named after an eminent student of this institute Prof. Binoy Sarkar as Binoy Sarkar Bhavan. At present, this building is utilized for administrative purposes. These apart, there are 24 classrooms housed in Jagadish Chandra Bhavan, Rammohun Bhavan, Vidyasagar Bhavan and Nazrul Bhavan. At present, the morning section of the school runs from class – I to class – V while the day section runs from Class – VI to Class – XII. In the higher secondary course, the school carries studies in all the 3 streams of study; namely the sciece, HUMANITIES and commerce streams of study. From 1897 onwards, the school had two hostels – the Hindu hostel and the Muslim hostel. Now those two hostels have been amalgamated and remain functional as the Malda Zilla school hostel. This hostel has the capacity of providing accommodation to 40 students of the XI and XII standard and a few students of lower classes. Housed in the same campus of the school, it has two separate units: Unit 1 and Unit 2.

    • Notable personalities
    • Benoy Sarkar
    • Asim Dasgupta|Dr Asim Dasgupta
    • Subhas Bhowmick
    • Ramesh Chandra Ghosh MABL Lawyer and Politician and associate of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Colleges and University

  • Gour Banga University::Malda college was also in the top league among north Bengal university affiliated colleges. Now it has its own university, Gour Banga University with affiliated colleges in the district and neighboring South and North Dinajpur. Malda town also has an engineering college and few private technical institutions, mostly for computer-related professional courses. For a long time proposals have been on the table for a medical college in Malda.
  • :Malda College: is a renowned college under Gour Banga University. However, in 2007, the Government of West Bengal had set up a University at Malda.This is the prestigious university in west Bengal.
  • IMPS College of Engineering & Technology: Malda also has an Engineering college named IMPS College of Engineering & Technology , established in June 2003, with good infrastructure.
  • Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering & Technology (GKCIET): Malda is a centrally funded institute that was established in February 2010. GKCIET is an engineering institute with the bachelor and master degree program in technology and engineering courses.
  The name of the institute is given to show the respect towards the endless work of Sri Ghani Khan Choudhury (The Socialist of Bengal).

There are other good colleges at Malda : Malda Women's college,Gaur College,Samshi College,Chanchol College,South Malda College,Sultanganj College and Pakua college. There is also a govt. polytechnic college named Malda Polytechnic. Foundation stone has been laid off on 29.01.2011 for a new polytechnic college at Samsi named "Ratua Satyendranath Bose Govt. Polytechnic College".

Other notable student of Malda Zilla School was Ramesh Chandra Ghosh who was contemporary of Benoy Sarkar. Ramesh Chandra Ghosh was a lawyer, MA BL, practised Law at Chapai Nawabgunj of Malda District. He was a politician and imprisoned in 1942 during the "Quit India" movement. He was an associate of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. He died on 10 February 1965 at Malda town.

  • Malda medical college & Hospital : For a long time proposals have been on the table for a medical college in Malda. The Government medical college has been started from 2010 session.

Civic Administration

There is 2 municipalities in this city : English Bazar municipality,old Malda municipality . English bazar is divided into 25 wards. Currently, the Indian National Congress with ten councillors holds the power in it in alliance with the Trinamool Congress, which has four councilors.

See also

  • English Bazar (Community development block)


External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • English-Bazar — English Bazar, Stadt im District Maldah der britischen Präsidentschaft Bengalen in Ostindien, an der Straße von Berhampore nach Purnea, am Mahananda; 4000 Ew., Sitz der Districtsbehörden …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bazar-Korgon District — Infobox Settlement name =Bazar Korgon settlement type =Raion official name = other name = native name = nickname = motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem… …   Wikipedia

  • Mohammad Bazar (community development block) — Mohammad Bazar   Community development block   …   Wikipedia

  • Mahammad Bazar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) — (Bengali: মহম্মদবাজার বিধানসভা কেন্দ্র) was an assembly constituency in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. As per order of the Delimitation Commission issued in 2006 Mahammad Bazar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) ceases to exist… …   Wikipedia

  • Ingraj Bazar — Original name in latin Ingrj Bzr Name in other language English Bazar, English Bzr, Ingraj Bazar, Ingrj Bzr State code IN Continent/City Asia/Kolkata longitude 25.00447 latitude 88.14573 altitude 32 Population 170039 Date 2012 09 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ingraj Bazar — ▪ India formerly  English Bazar , also called  Angrezabad        city, north central West Bengal state, northeastern India, just west of the Mahananda River. The city was chosen as the site of the British East India Company s silk factories… …   Universalium

  • List of English words of Persian origin — As Indo European languages, English and Persian have many words of common Proto Indo European origin, and many of these cognate words often have similar forms. Examples of these include: English (Mother) and Persian (Madar), English (Father) and… …   Wikipedia

  • Thereza Bazar — (born 23 May 1957, Toronto is a British Canadian singer, best known as one half of the pop duo, Dollar.Bazar first found fame as a member of 1970s group Guys n Dolls, who scored a 1975 hit with There s A Whole Lot Of Lovin and went on to have a… …   Wikipedia

  • Amrita Bazar Patrika — was the oldest newspaper in India cite news |first= Subhrangshu|last= Gupta|authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= Amrita Bazar Patrika may be relaunched|url= http://www.tribuneindia.com/2003/20030102/nation.htm#11|work= The Tribune|publisher=… …   Wikipedia

  • Supaul Bazar — is an important commercial hub in Biraul subdivision of Darbhanga. People from remote areas often visit it in order to purchase goods.Supaul Bazar is located approximately 45 kilometres east of Darbhanga. Supaul Bazar is composed of Afzala, khewa …   Wikipedia