Premier of New South Wales


Premier of New South Wales
Premier of New South Wales
Ministry
State

Barry O'Farrell 2010-Cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Barry O'Farrell


Style The Honourable
Appointed by Marie Bashir
as Governor of New South Wales
First Stuart Donaldson
Formation 6 June 1856
Term length At the Governor's pleasure

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The Government of New South Wales follows the Westminster system, with a Parliament of New South Wales acting as the legislature. The Premier is appointed by the Governor of New South Wales, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the Legislative Assembly.

The Australian Labor Party led by Kristina Keneally was defeated by the Liberal/National Coalition led by Barry O'Farrell at the 2011 election. O'Farrell was sworn in as the 43rd Premier of New South Wales on Monday 28 March, with his cabinet to follow in the next week.

Before the 1890s, there was no formal party system in New South Wales. Party labels before that time indicate a general tendency only. In the 1860s and 1870s, there was a fairly coherent "liberal" tendency, led first by Charles Cowper and then by Henry Parkes. Liberals generally favoured land reform in the early years, culminating in the Robertson Land Acts. They also supported state schools and opposed support for religion, including religious schools. They supported democratic reforms of the parliament and public works (such as roads and railways) and often supported the exclusion of non-European races. This later developed into the Free Trade Party. Non-liberal politicians often used the same political rhetoric, but were less active in implementing it. There was never an organised Conservative party, although some politicians used this label. Ministries which were not liberal were usually factional. From the 1880s the party conflict was between Free Traders and Protectionists. This situation continued until the rise of the Labor in the 1890s. After Federation in 1901, the Protectionists renamed themselves Progressives, while the Free Traders became the Liberal Reform Party. These two parties later merged as the Commonwealth Liberal Party.

Contents

List of Premiers of New South Wales

No. Name Party Assumed office Left office
1 Stuart Donaldson 6 June 1856 25 August 1856
2 Charles Cowper 26 August 1856 2 October 1856
3 Henry Parker 3 October 1856 7 September 1857
- Charles Cowper (2nd time) 7 September 1857 26 October 1859
4 William Forster 27 October 1859 8 March 1860
5 John Robertson 9 March 1860 9 January 1861
- Charles Cowper (3rd time) 10 January 1861 15 October 1863
6 James Martin 16 October 1863 2 February 1865
- Charles Cowper (4th time) 3 February 1865 21 January 1866
- James Martin (2nd time) 22 January 1866 26 October 1868
- John Robertson (2nd time) 27 October 1868 12 January 1870
- Charles Cowper (5th time) 13 January 1870 15 December 1870
- Sir James Martin (3rd time) 16 December 1870 13 May 1872
7 Henry Parkes 14 May 1872 8 February 1875
- John Robertson (3rd time) 9 February 1875 21 March 1877
- Henry Parkes (2nd time) 22 March 1877 16 August 1877
- Sir John Robertson (4th time) 17 August 1877 17 December 1877
8 James Farnell 18 December 1877 20 December 1878
- Sir Henry Parkes (3rd time) 21 December 1878 4 January 1883
9 Alexander Stuart 5 January 1883 6 October 1885
10 George Dibbs Protectionist 7 October 1885 9 October 1885
- John Robertson (5th time) 22 December 1885 22 February 1886
11 Sir Patrick Jennings Protectionist 26 February 1886 19 January 1887
- Sir Henry Parkes (4th time) Free Trade 25 January 1887 16 January 1889
- George Dibbs (2nd time) Protectionist 17 January 1889 7 March 1889
- Sir Henry Parkes (5th time) Free Trade 8 March 1889 23 October 1891
- George Dibbs (3rd time) Protectionist 23 October 1891 2 August 1894
12 Sir George Reid Free Trade 3 August 1894 13 September 1899
13 William Lyne Protectionist 14 September 1899 27 March 1901
14 Sir John See Progressive 28 March 1901 14 June 1904
15 Thomas Waddell Progressive 15 June 1904 29 August 1904
16 Sir Joseph Carruthers Liberal Reform 30 August 1904 2 October 1907
17 Sir Charles Wade Liberal 2 October 1907 1 October 1910
18 James McGowen Labor 21 October 1910 29 June 1913
19 William Holman Labor 30 June 1913 15 November 1916
- William Holman (2nd time) Nationalist 15 November 1916 12 April 1920
20 John Storey Labor 13 April 1920 5 October 1921
21 James Dooley Labor 5 October 1921 20 December 1921
22 George Fuller Nationalist 20 December 1921 20 December 1921
- James Dooley (2nd time) Labor 20 December 1921 13 April 1922
- Sir George Fuller (2nd time) Nationalist 13 April 1922 17 June 1925
23 Jack Lang Labor 17 June 1925 18 October 1927
24 Thomas Bavin Nationalist 18 October 1927 3 November 1930
- Jack Lang (2nd time) Labor 4 November 1930 13 May 1932
25 Sir Bertram Stevens United Australia 16 May 1932 4 August 1939
26 Alexander Mair United Australia 5 August 1939 16 May 1941
27 William McKell Labor 16 May 1941 6 February 1947
28 James McGirr Labor 6 February 1947 2 April 1952
29 Joseph Cahill Labor 2 April 1952 22 October 1959
30 Bob Heffron Labor 23 October 1959 30 April 1964
31 Jack Renshaw Labor 30 April 1964 13 May 1965
32 Sir Robert Askin* Liberal 13 May 1965 3 January 1975
33 Thomas Lewis Liberal 3 January 1975 23 January 1976
34 Sir Eric Willis Liberal 23 January 1976 14 May 1976
35 Neville Wran Labor 14 May 1976 4 July 1986
36 Barrie Unsworth Labor 4 July 1986 25 March 1988
37 Nick Greiner Liberal 25 March 1988 24 June 1992
38 John Fahey Liberal 24 June 1992 4 April 1995
39 Bob Carr Labor 4 April 1995 3 August 2005
40 Morris Iemma Labor 3 August 2005 5 September 2008
41 Nathan Rees Labor 5 September 2008 4 December 2009
42 Kristina Keneally Labor 4 December 2009 28 March 2011
43 Barry O'Farrell Liberal 28 March 2011 present

* Askin's given name was Robin but he changed it legally to Robert in 1971, prior to being knighted in 1972. Before then, he was generally known as Bob.

Timeline

Living former premiers

As of March 2011, nine former Premiers are alive, the oldest being Tom Lewis (1975–76, born 1922). The most recent premier to die was Eric Willis on 10 May 1999 at age 77.

Name Term as premier Date of birth
Tom Lewis 1975–1976 23 January 1922 (1922-01-23) (age 89)
Neville Wran 1976–1986 11 October 1926 (1926-10-11) (age 85)
Barrie Unsworth 1986–1988 16 April 1934 (1934-04-16) (age 77)
Nick Greiner 1988–1992 27 April 1947 (1947-04-27) (age 64)
John Fahey 1992–1995 10 January 1945 (1945-01-10) (age 66)
Bob Carr 1995–2005 28 September 1947 (1947-09-28) (age 64)
Morris Iemma 2005–2008 21 July 1961 (1961-07-21) (age 50)
Nathan Rees 2008–2009 12 February 1968 (1968-02-12) (age 43)
Kristina Keneally 2009–2011 19 December 1968 (1968-12-19) (age 42)

See also


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