Moldovan parliamentary election, 2010


Moldovan parliamentary election, 2010
Moldovan parliamentary election
Moldova
2009 (Jul) ←
28 November 2010
→ 2014

All the 101 seats to the Parliament of Moldova
  First party Second party Third party
  Vladimir Voronin 2006.jpg Vladimir Filat.jpg 100px
Leader Vladimir Voronin Vlad Filat Marian Lupu
Party Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova
Leader since 1994 2007 2009
Last election 48 18 13
Seats won 42 32 15
Seat change -6 +14 +2
Popular vote 676,761 506,365 218,847
Percentage 39.3% 29.4% 12.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Mihai Ghimpu Imagine.jpg Replace this image male.svg
Leader Mihai Ghimpu Serafim Urechean
Party Liberal Party Party Alliance Our Moldova
Leader since 2005 2003
Last election 15 7
Seats won 12 0
Seat change -3 -7
Popular vote 171,434 35,282
Percentage 10.0% 2.1%

A parliamentary election was held in Moldova on 28 November 2010 after indirect presidential elections failed for the second time in late 2009.[1]

Contents

Pre-election developments

After the constitutional referendum failed to meet the 33% turnout required to validate the results, the Constitutional Court of Moldova ruled that acting president of Moldova, Mihai Ghimpu had to dissolve the parliament and hold new elections. Ghimpu then announced that the parliament would be dissolved on 28 September 2010 and new elections would be held on 28 November, 2010.[2]

Legal context

The electoral threshold is:

  • for political parties - 4%
  • for electoral blocks of two parties - 7%
  • for electoral blocks of three or more parties - 9%
  • for independent candidates - 2%

The Constitution states that the Parliament must elect the President with a majority of at least 61 votes (from a total of 101). After two failed attempts the Parliament must be dissolved and the interim president must set the date for a new parliamentary election.[citation needed]

Parties

The Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova, Democratic Party of Moldova and the Liberal Party formed the Alliance for European Integration in a coalition against the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova.[3] The Alliance seeks integration into the European Union.

Opinion polls

Trust. According to the Chişinău-based Institute of Marketing and Polls IMAS-INC, a poll during the period of July 26-August 12 showed 42% of respondents trusted PLDM, 35% trusted PCRM, 35% - PDM and 30% - the Liberal Party.[4]

Vote intention:

Date Institute Party
PCRM PLDM PDM PL AMN
April 15-May 3, 2010[5] IMAS 28% 16.5% 8.6% 4.9% -
November 4, 2010[6] CBS-AXA 39% 21% 19% 13% 2%
November 12, 2010[6] Vox Populi 35.3% 19.8% 12.5% 11% 6.5%
November 16, 2010[6] BPO 37.2% 31.1% 14.4% 12.5% 0.8%
November 18, 2010[6] AVA.MD 54.3% 22.6% 9.7% 8.6% 1%
November 19, 2010[6] CBS-AXA 35% 28% 18% 12% 2%
November 22, 2010[6] Vox Populi-II 32.1% 22.1% 12.1% 10.9% 7%

Exit polls

There were two exit polls made for two TV stations, both failing to predict the outcome within the margin of error:

Institute Margin of error Percent (seats)
PCRM PLDM PDM PL AMN
IRES poll (made for Publika TV)[7][8][9] ±1%[10] 26% (29) 34.4% (37) 15.1% (17) 15.6% (18) 3.1% (0)
CBS AXA poll (made for Prime TV)[7][11][12] <2%[13] 33.8% (37) 32.2% (35) 14.1% (17) 10.2% (12) 3% (0)

Results

Election map showing the results by administrative divisions of Moldova.

There were 39 electoral contestants: 20 political parties and 19 independent candidates.

The Communists won 42 seats, while the Liberal-Democrats won 32, the Democratic Party won 15, and the Liberals won 12. This gave the Alliance for European Integration 59 seats, 2 short of the 61 needed to elect a President. The result thus maintained the status quo following the contemperaneous constitutional deadlock.

Observers from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Council of Europe lauded the election, with the head of the Parliamentary Assembly delegation of OSCE, Tonino Picula, saying "These elections reflected the will of the people."[3]

Moldova

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Politics and government of
Moldova



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e • d  Summary of the 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/− Seats
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 676,761 39.32 −5.37 42
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 506,365 29.42 +12.85 32
Democratic Party of Moldova 218,847 12.72 +0.18 15
Liberal Party 171,434 9.96 −4.72 12
Party Alliance Our Moldova 35,282 2.05 −5.30 0
European Action Movement 21,105 1.23 0
Humanist Party of Moldova 15,456 0.90 0
National Liberal Party 10,923 0.63 0
Social Democratic Party 10,161 0.59 −1.27 0
Christian Democratic People's Party 9,046 0.53 −1.38 0
United Moldova 8,178 0.48 0
For Nation and Country 4,808 0.28 0
Roma Movement of the Republic of Moldova 2,391 0.14 0
Conservative Party (Moldova) 2,084 0.12 0
Popular Republican Party 1,999 0.12 0
Republican Party of Moldova 1,771 0.10 0
Equality 1,783 0.10 0
Patriots of Moldova 1,583 0.09 0
Ecologist Party of Moldova "Green Alliance" 1,380 0.08 −0.33 0
Labour Party 875 0.05 0
Independents 18,805 1.09 0
Total (turnout 63.37%) 1,720,993 100.00 101
Source: IPU, cec.md

Elected deputies

The list of deputies elected are:[citation needed]

no electoral district number of registered voters participated in the vote  % participated in the vote valid votes PCRM PLD PL PD AMN PPCD PSD greens
1 Chişinău 67.62% 40.20% 28.44% 16.04% 8.18%  % % % %
2 Bălţi 58.70% 56.90% 18.33% 4.93% 13.70%  % % % %
3 Găgăuzia 52.66% 59.99% 6.28% 0.52% 15.67%  % % % %
4 Anenii Noi 60.14% 44.11% 31.04% 7.63% 10.21%  % % % %
5 Basarabeasca 73.46% 50.21% 25.57% 2.67% 12.88%  % % % %
6 Briceni 58.97% 47.25% 17.44% 4.30% 21.21%  % % % %
7 Cahul 57.84% 37.77% 33.05% 9.03% 11.65%  % % % %
8 Cantemir 57.97% 34.36% 34.80% 7.76% 12.00%  % % % %
9 Călăraşi 56.07% 25.81% 35.85% 16.24% 12.31%  % % % %
10 Căuşeni 57.76% 41.17% 32.13% 6.43% 12.12%  % % % %
11 Cimişlia 57.24% 38.91% 33.67% 6.97% 15.44%  % % % %
12 Criuleni 62.75% 33.77% 33.30% 11.05% 11.28%  % % % %
13 Donduşeni 65.33% 53.99% 19.59% 4.26% 14.32%  % % % %
14 Drochia 59.00% 44.58% 28.21% 4.21% 13.83%  % % % %
15 Dubăsari 59.10% 62.34% 16.29% 5.52% 9.10%  % % % %
16 Edineţ 61.04% 52.54% 12.80% 3.72% 21.62%  % % % %
17 Făleşti 57.62% 47.59% 25.82% 3.72% 15.81%  % % % %
18 Floreşti 60.63% 47.60% 23.11% 4.16% 17.25%  % % % %
19 Glodeni 57.25% 43.64% 24.63% 4.37% 17.03%  % % % %
20 Hînceşti 56.17% 23.24% 50.96% 6.84% 13.73%  % % % %
21 Ialoveni 62.39% 23.49% 42.11% 16.36% 11.11%  % % % %
22 Leova 53.95% 35.80% 28.72% 5.18% 18.81%  % % % %
23 Nisporeni 60.63% 19.00% 37.21% 14.98% 18.78%  % % % %
24 Ocniţa 63.44% 60.11% 12.81% 2.75% 16.24%  % % % %
25 Orhei 61.05% 24.22% 37.48% 9.82% 17.04%  % % % %
26 Rezina 61.98% 39.40% 27.81% 7.73% 14.67%  % % % %
27 Rîşcani 58.62% 47.73% 23.24% 5.84% 14.26%  % % % %
28 Sîngerei 57.37% 38.33% 28.66% 5.40% 19.23%  % % % %
29 Soroca 60.27% 45.42% 22.36% 5.84% 14.58%  % % % %
30 Străşeni 58.16% 26.42% 41.15% 12.55% 11.29%  % % % %
31 Şoldăneşti 60.94% 40.93% 31.75% 6.22% 12.50%  % % % %
32 Ştefan Vodă 56.21% 33.03% 38.79% 7.46% 11.52%  % % % %
33 Taraclia 60.81% 69.80% 6.18% 1.10% 11.12%  % % % %
34 Teleneşti 61.77% 22.42% 49.14% 7.76% 14.49%  % % % %
35 Ungheni 58.44% 42.35% 26.27% 7.05% 14.70%  % % % %
36 at diplomatic missions 89.02% 6.88% 48.88% 8.92% 25.44%  % % % %
Total ' ' 61.72% ' 39.32% 29.38% 9.96% 12.72% ' ' % %

Government formation

Even though the Alliance for European Integration did not get the supermajority needed to elect the president, the leaders of the three parties of the alliance pledged a new coalition agreement on 30 December. Their new cabinet was installed on 14 January, 2011, when an investiture vote took place in parliament.[14]

Political forces Seats Moldovan Parliament seats after 2010 polls v · d · e
Alliance for European Integration 59                                                                                                                      
Party of Communists 42                                                                                                                      
      PCRM (42) ·       PLDM (32) ·       PDM (15) ·       PL (12)

Moldova's highest court ruled on 8 February, 2011 that the government could stay in place without early elections even if they were still unable to elect a new president.[15]

References

  1. ^ "Moldova going to third election in two years". BBC News. 28 September 2010. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-11430570. Retrieved 30 September 2010. 
  2. ^ Actmedia.eu: Mihai Ghimpu will dissolve Moldova’s Parliament next week, 22 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b http://english.aljazeera.net/news/europe/2010/11/201011300614153799.html
  4. ^ of Moldova: Liberal Democrats overcome Communists in trust poll
  5. ^ (Romanian) Primul sondaj fără scoruri electorale
  6. ^ a b c d e f Results of Public Opinion Polls
  7. ^ a b "Exit-polurile diferă" (in Romanian). Ziarul de Gardă. 2010-11-28. http://www.zdg.md/stiri/exit-polurile-difera. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  8. ^ "EXIT-POLL: IRES-PublikaTV PLDM - 34.4% PCRM -26% PL - 15.6% PDM - 15.1% AMN - 3.1%" (in Romanian). Vocea Basarabiei. 2010-11-28. http://www.voceabasarabiei.net/stiri/politica/12959-exit-poll-ires-publikatv-pldm-344-pcrm-26-pl-156-pdm-151-amn-31. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  9. ^ "Exit-Poll PublikaTV/IRES: PLDM - 34.4% ; PCRM - 26% ; PDM - 15.1% ; PL 15.6%" (in Romanian). Unimedia.md. 2010-11-28. http://unimedia.md/?mod=news&id=26714. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  10. ^ "EXIT POLL PUBLIKA TV: PLDM – 34.6%, PCRM – 25.7%, PDM – 15.1%, PL – 15.7%" (in Romanian). Publika TV. 2010-11-28. http://www.publika.md/exit-poll-publika-tv---pldm---34-4prc---pcrm---26prc----pdm---15-1prc---pl---15-6prc-_149491.html. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  11. ^ "Rezultate Exit-Poll Prime TV/CSB-AXA: PCRM - 33.8%; PLDM- 32,2%; PDM-14%; PL-10.2%; AMN nu trece pragul electoral" (in Romanian). Vocea Basarabiei. 2010-11-28. http://www.voceabasarabiei.net/stiri/politica/12960-rezultate-exit-poll-prime-tvcsb-axa-pcrm-338-pldm-322-pdm-14-pl-102-amn-nu-trece-pragul-electoral. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  12. ^ "Exit-Poll Prime TV/CSB-AXA: PCRM - 33.8%; PLDM- 32.2%; PDM-14%; PL-10.2%; AMN nu trece pragul electoral" (in Romanian). Unimedia.md. 2010-11-28. http://unimedia.md/?mod=news&id=26715. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  13. ^ "PRIME TV VA PREZENTA ÎN SEARA DE 28 NOIEMBRIE REZULTATELE UNUI EXIT-POOL" (in Romanian). Prime.md. 2010-11-28. http://www.prime.md/ro/news/prime-tv-va-prezenta-in-seara-de-28-noiembrie-rezultatele-unui-exit-pool-96446/. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  14. ^ Sofia Echo - Moldova's new cabinet to face investiture vote on January 14
  15. ^ http://www.monstersandcritics.com/news/europe/news/article_1618104.php/Council-of-Europe-official-upbeat-on-ending-Moldova-s-stalemate

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