- Member states of NATO
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is an international alliance that consists of 28 member states from North America and Europe. It was established at the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. Article Five of the treaty states that if an armed attack occurs against one of the member states, it should be considered an attack against all members, and other members shall assist the attacked member, with armed forces if necessary.
Of two are North American countries (Canada and the United States) and 26 are European countries. All members have militias, although Iceland does not have a typical army (it does, however, have a military coast guard and a small unit of soldiers for NATO operations). Three of NATO's members are nuclear weapons states: France, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
Member states by date of accession
Date Country Enlargement Notes 4 April 1949 Belgium Founders Canada Denmark Unlike Denmark's EU membership, its NATO membership does include the Faroe Islands and Greenland. France France withdrew from the integrated military command in 1966 to pursue an independent defence system but returned to full membership on April 4, 2009. Iceland Iceland, the sole member that does not have its own standing army, joined on the condition that it would not be expected to establish one. However, its strategic geographic position in the Atlantic made it an invaluable member. It has a Coast Guard and has recently contributed a voluntary peacekeeping force, trained in Norway for NATO. Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Portugal United Kingdom United States 18 February 1952 Greece First Greece withdrew its forces from NATO’s military command structure from 1974 to 1980 as a result of Greco-Turkish tensions following the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus. Turkey 9 May 1955 Germany Second Joined as West Germany; Saarland reunited with it in 1957 and the territories of Berlin and the former German Democratic Republic reunited with it on 3 October 1990. The GDR was a member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1956–1990. 30 May 1982 Spain Third 12 March 1999 Czech Republic Fourth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of Czechoslovakia. Hungary Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991. Poland Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991. 29 March 2004 Bulgaria Fifth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991. Estonia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union. Latvia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union. Lithuania Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of the Soviet Union. Romania Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991. Slovakia Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1991 as part of Czechoslovakia. Slovenia Previously part of Yugoslavia 1945–1991 (Non-aligned) 1 April 2009 Albania Sixth Member of the rival Warsaw Pact 1955–1968. Croatia Previously part of Yugoslavia 1945–1991 (Non-aligned)
(2010, US$ millions)
(2010, US$ millions)
(2010, % of GDP)
Belgium 10,827,519 465,676 5,382 1.15 Bulgaria 7,351,234 44,843 698 1.55 Canada 34,447,000 1,574,051 20,164 1.28 Croatia 4,425,747 59,917 1,060 1.77 Czech Republic 10,515,818 192,152 2,529 1.31 Denmark 5,560,628 310,760 4,588 1.47 Estonia 1,340,122 19,220 336 1.75 France 65,821,885 2,582,527 61,285 2.37 Germany 81,802,000 3,315,643 46,848 1.41 Greece 11,306,183 305,415 9,369 3.07 Hungary 10,014,324 128,960 1,323 1.02 Iceland 318,452 12,767 12 0.09 Italy 60,605,053 2,055,114 38,198 1.86 Latvia 2,229,500 23,385 268 1.15 Lithuania 3,249,400 35,734 427 1.19 Luxembourg 502,100 52,433 301 0.57 Netherlands 16,667,700 783,293 11,604 1.48 Norway 4,937,900 414,462 6,322 1.52 Poland 38,092,000 468,539 8,380 1.78 Portugal 10,636,888 229,336 5,213 2.27 Romania 21,466,174 161,629 2,164 1.33 Slovakia 5,435,273 86,262 1,010 1.17 Slovenia 2,046,510 46,442 788 1.69 Spain 46,148,605 1,409,946 15,803 1.12 Turkey 73,722,988 741,853 15,634 2.1 United Kingdom 62,008,048 2,247,455 57,424 2.55 United States 311,328,000 14,657,800 687,105 4.6 Total 906,002,051 32,223,344 1,004,436 3.11
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) History Structure Members
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Member states of the Council of Europe — Founder states … Wikipedia
Member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States — Member states There are 10 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States. Membership status of CIS countries See also: Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations, GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic De … Wikipedia
Member states of the World Sports Alliance — The World Sports Alliance (WSA) has 24 member states. WSA IGO was created following the adoption of the Rabat Declaration in Morocco, in May 2007 by the Kingdom of Morocco, the Republic of Niger, and the Dominican Republic, and its subsequent… … Wikipedia
NATO member states — states that took part in the NATO agreement, nations in the western block … English contemporary dictionary
NATO — This article is about the military alliance. For other uses, see NATO (disambiguation). Coordinates: 50°52′34.16″N … Wikipedia
NATO Strategic Airlift Capability — Col. John Zazworsky addresses the audience after officially receiving the first of three C 17 Globemaster IIIs to be acquired by the 12 nation Strategic Airlift Capability Program on 14 July 2009 at Long Beach, California, United States The… … Wikipedia
Member state — A member state is a state that is a member of an international organisation. The World Trade Organization (WTO) has members that are sovereign states and members that are not, thus WTO members are not called member states. Contents 1 Worldwide 2… … Wikipedia
NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen — E–3A Component IATA: GKE – ICAO: ETNG Summary Airport type Military Operator NATO Location … Wikipedia
NATO intervention in Bosnia — Part of Bosnian War A … Wikipedia
NATO Parliamentary Assembly — Founded in 1955, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (NATO PA) serves as the consultative interparliamentary organisation for the North Atlantic Alliance. Its current President is Karl A. Lamers from Germany. Contents 1 The Role of the Assembly 2… … Wikipedia